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Family 13
   
   



English Families

1 1a 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f 1g 1h 1i 1j 1k 1l 1m 1n 1o 1p 1r 1s 1t 1u 1w 1x 2 2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f 2g 2h 2i 2j 2k 2l 2m 2n 2o 2p 2r 2s 2t 2u 2w 3 3a 3b 3c 3d 3e 3f 3g 3h 3i 3j 3k 3l 3m 3n 3o 4 4a 4b 4c 4d 4e 4f 4g 4h 4i 4j 4k 4l 4m 4n 4o 4p 4r 5 5a 5b 5c 5d 5e 5f 5g 5h 5i 5j 6 6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6x 7 7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 8 8a 8b 8c 8d 8e 8f 8g 8h 8i 8j 8k 9 9a 9b 9c 9d 9e 9f 9g 9h 10 10a 10b 10c 10d 10e 11 11a 11b 11c 11d 11e 11f 12 12a 12b 12c 12d 12e 12f 12g 13 13a 13b 13c 13d 13e 14 14a 14b 14c 14d 14e 14f 15 15a 15b 15d 16 16a 16b 16c 16d 16e 16f 16g 16h 17 17a 17b 17c 17d 18 18a 19 19a 19b 19c 20 20a 20b 20c 20d 21 21a 22 22a 22b 22c 22d 23 23a 23b 24 25 26 27 27a 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74




Profiles


Highflyer


Sir Archy

SEDBURY ROYAL MARE
     Darcy's Yellow Turk Mare (Darcy's Yellow Turk)
          Grey Royal (Darcy's White Turk)
               Kitt Darcy's Royal Mare (Blunderbuss)
                    Milbanke's Black Mare (Makeless)
                         Gipsy (King William's Black Barb)
                         |     Stanyan Arabian Mare (Stanyan's Arabian)
                         |          Charming Molly (Whitefoot [Godolphin's])
                         |               Bustard Mare (fBustard)
                         |                    Coalition Colt Mare (Coalition Colt)
                         |                         Forester Mare (Forester [Williams's])
                         |                              Bosphorus Mare (Bosphorus)
                         |                                   Princess (Eclipse)
                         |                                        Heroine (Phoenomenon)
                         |                                             Desdemona (Sir Peter Teazle)
                         |                                                  Dick Andrews Mare (Dick Andrews)
                         |                                                       Widgeon (Whisker)
                         |                                                            Cadland Mare (Cadland)
                         |                                                                 Gladiator Mare (Gladiator)
                         |                                                                      TIGHT-FIT (Teddington) ..... 13-d
                         Soreheels Mare (Soreheels)
                              Sister To South (Regulus)
                                   Ruth (Blank)
                                   |     Ambrosia (Woodpecker)
                                   |          Fanny (Diomed)
                                   |               Fadladinida (Sir Peter Teazle)
                                   |                    Madame Saqui (Remembrancer)
                                   |                         La Danseuse (Blacklock)
                                   |                              Reel (Camel)
                                   |                                   Cuckoo (Elis)
                                   |                                        Merlette (The Baron)
                                   |                                             Mavis (Macaroni)
                                   |                                                  RATTLEWINGS (Galopin) ..... 13-e
                                   RUTILIA (Blank) ..... 13-a
                                        Harmony (King Herod)
                                             Scota (Eclipse)
                                                  Scotilla (Anvil)
                                                       Olympia (Sir Oliver)
                                                            Kite (Bustard)
                                                                 Lady Moore Carew (Tramp)
                                                                      LADY SARAH (Velocipede) ..... 13-b
                                                                      Mendicant (Touchstone)
                                                                           Vaga (Stockwell)
                                                                                STRAY SHOT (Toxophilite) ..... 13-c
 

 
SEDBURY ROYAL MARE f 1670c
     Darcy Yellow Turk Mare (GB) f 1680c Darcy's Yellow Turk
          Grey Royal (GB) gr f 1690c Darcy's White Turk
               Kitt Darcy's Royal Mare (GB) f 1701c Blunderbuss (GB)
               |     Milbanke's Black Mare (GB) bl f 1705c Makeless (GB)
               |     |     Hartley's Blind Horse (GB) ch c 1712c Holderness Turk
               |     |     Gipsy (GB) bl f 1720c King William's Black Barb
               |     |     |     Stanyan Arabian Mare (GB) br f 1725c Stanyan's [Conyers] Arabian
               |     |     |          Diana (GB) b f 1740 Whitefoot [Godolphin's] (GB)
               |     |     |          |     Sister To Polly (GB) b f 1757 Blank (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     Miss Rose (GB) f 1766 Spectator (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     Javelin (GB) b c 1772 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     Dido (GB) ch f 1778 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |     Coeur De Lion (GB) b c 1789 Highflyer (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |     Sister To Coeur De Lion (GB) b f 1792 Highflyer (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |          Off She Goes (GB) b f 1803 Shuttle (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |               Peggy (GB) b f 1813 Sir Solomon (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |                    Doris (FR) b f 1828 Trance (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |                         Merope (FR) b f 1837 Carbon (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |                              Giselle (FR) b f 1843 Young Emilius (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |                                   Lady Bird (FR) b f 1854 St. Simon (FR)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     |                                        Pompier (FR) b c 1865 Royal Quand-Meme (FR)
               |     |     |          |     |     |     Anna (GB) b f 1782 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |          Young Drone (GB) ch c 1791 Drone (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |     |          BELLINA (GB) ch f 1796 Rockingham (GB) ..... GB O
               |     |     |          |     |     Io (GB) b f 1767 Spectator (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |          Patriot (GB) b c 1790 Rockingham (GB)
               |     |     |          |     |          Exton (GB) b c 1791 Highflyer (GB)
               |     |     |          |     FORTUNE (GB) b f 1767 Blank (GB) ..... GB QP
               |     |     |          |     Sophia (GB) b f 1764 Blank (GB)
               |     |     |          |          Jewel (GB) b f 1775 Squirrel (GB)
               |     |     |          |          |     Sourcrout (GB) b c 1786 Highflyer (GB)
               |     |     |          |          Cricket (GB) ch f 1776 King Herod (GB)
               |     |     |          |               Primrose (GB) gr f 1787 Mambrino (GB)
               |     |     |          |                    May (GB) gr f 1805 Beningbrough (GB)
               |     |     |          |                         Parma (GB) br f 1813 Dick Andrews (GB)
               |     |     |          |                              Icaria (GB) b f 1824 The Flyer (GB)
               |     |     |          |                                   Sarpedon (GB) br c 1828 Emilius (GB)
               |     |     |          Charming Molly (GB) b f 1742 Whitefoot [Godolphin's] (GB)
               |     |     |               Spanker (GB) br c 1758 Antelope (GB)
               |     |     |               Bustard Mare (IRE) f 1759c Bustard (GB)
               |     |     |                    Coalition Colt Mare (IRE) b f 1763c Coalition Colt (GB)
               |     |     |                         Sister to Grecian Princess (GB) b f 1768c Forester [Williams's] (GB)
               |     |     |                         |     Bosphorus Mare (GB) b f 1773c Bosphorus (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          Princess (GB) br f 1777 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     Heroine (GB) br f 1789 Phoenomenon (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |     Desdemona (GB) br f 1803 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |          Dick Andrews Mare (GB) b f 1814 Dick Andrews (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               Widgeon (GB) b f 1827 Whisker (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               |     Cadland Mare (GB) br f 1834 Cadland (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               |          Gladiator Mare (GB) br f 1846 Gladiator (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               |               TIGHT-FIT (GB) b f 1856 Teddington (GB) ..... 13-d
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               |               Tension (GB) b f 1858 Teddington (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               |                    Friponnier (GB) ch c 1864 Chevalier D'Industrie (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |               Constance (GB) br f 1835 Sir Benjamin (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |                    Fairy (GB) br f 1840 Rockingham (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |                         Elf (IRE) b f 1844 Harkaway (IRE)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |                              Barbarian Mare (IRE) ch f 1855 Barbarian (IRE)
               |     |     |                         |          |     |                                   THE SCOUT (IRE) b c 1866 The Ranger (GB) ..... IRE D
               |     |     |                         |          |     Roxana (GB) ch f 1797 Alexander (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |          Shoehorn (GB) ch f 1816 Teddy The Grinder (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |               Esmeralda (GB) ch f 1825 Cannon Ball (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |                    Brutandorf Mare (GB) b f 1835 Brutandorf (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |                         Adelaide (GB) b f 1851 Melbourne (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |                              Kapunda (GB) b f 1861 Stockwell (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |                                   KAPANGA (GB) b f 1876 Victorious (GB) ..... continued below
               |     |     |                         |          Tabitha (GB) ch f 1782 Trentham (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |     Castianira (GB) br f 1796 Rockingham (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |          SIR ARCHY (USA) b c 1805 Diomed (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          |          Hephestion (USA) ch c 1807 Buzzard (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          Pegasus (GB) ch c 1784 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |                         |          Brush (GB) b c 1785 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |                         Grecian Princess (GB) ch f 1770 Forester [Williams's] (GB)
               |     |     |                              Xantippe (GB) ch f 1779 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |                              |     Xenia (GB) b f 1788 Challenger (GB)
               |     |     |                              |     |     Brown Justice (GB) br f 1795 Justice (GB)
               |     |     |                              |     |          Helen (GB) b f 1809 Whiskey (GB)
               |     |     |                              |     |               Young Truffle (FR) br c 1823 Truffle (GB)
               |     |     |                              |     JOHN BULL (GB) ch c 1789 Fortitude (GB) ..... GB D
               |     |     |                              Alexander (GB) ch c 1782 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     |                              DON QUIXOTE (GB) ch c 1784 Eclipse (GB)
               |     |     South's Dam (GB) f 1730c Soreheels (GB)
               |     |          Young Cartouch Mare (GB) f 1748 Young Cartouch (GB)
               |     |          |     Charmer (GB) br f 1765 Blank (GB)
               |     |          |          Miss Euston (GB) b f 1774 Snap (GB)
               |     |          |               STELLA (GB) b f 1781 Plunder (GB) ..... GB O
               |     |          |               Flavia (GB) b f 1783 Plunder (GB)
               |     |          |               |     Tup (GB) b c 1796 Javelin (GB)
               |     |          |               Harriet (GB) ch f 1789 Dungannon (GB)
               |     |          |                    Leitrim Clib (IRE) f 1801 Cornet (IRE)
               |     |          |                         Lady Sarah (IRE) b f 1808 Champion (GB)
               |     |          |                              THE HUNTSMAN'S MARE (IRE) b f 1816 Waxy Pope (GB) ..... continued below
               |     |          South (GB) b c 1750 Regulus (GB)
               |     |          Sister to South (GB) f 1751 Regulus (GB)
               |     |          |     Ruth (GB) b f 1761 Blank (GB)
               |     |          |     |     Slender (GB) b c 1779 King Herod (GB)
               |     |          |     |     Ambrosia (GB) b f 1783 Woodpecker (GB)
               |     |          |     |          Fanny (GB) ch f 1790 Diomed (GB)
               |     |          |     |               Miss Teazle (GB) b f 1799 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |     Sancho Mare (GB) b f 1810 Sancho (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |          Thunderbolt Mare (GB) b f 1816 Thunderbolt (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |               Margrave Mare (GB) f 1835c Margrave (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |                    Mrs. Carter (GB) b f 1850 Humphrey (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |                         Songstress (GB) b f 1860 Chanticleer (IRE)
               |     |          |     |               |                              Cheesecake (GB) ch f 1868 Parmesan (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |                              |     Cheese Straw (GB) ch f 1883 Muncaster (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |                              |          Abe Frank (USA) ch c 1899 Hanover (USA)
               |     |          |     |               |                              Macaroon (GB) ch c 1871 Macaroni (GB)
               |     |          |     |               Sir Oliver (GB) b c 1800 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
               |     |          |     |               Josephina (GB) b f 1801 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
               |     |          |     |               |     Harbinger (IRE) ch c 1818 Sir Walter Raleigh (GB)
               |     |          |     |               FYLDENER (GB) b c 1803 Sir Peter Teazle (GB) ..... GB SL
               |     |          |     |               Poulton (GB) b c 1805 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
               |     |          |     |               Fadladinida (GB) b f 1806 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    Madame Saqui (GB) ch f 1814 Remembrancer (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    |     La Danseuse (GB) ch f 1825 Blacklock (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    |          Reel (GB) b f 1836 Camel (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    |               Cuckoo (GB) ch f 1843 Elis (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    |                    Merlette (FR) ch f 1858 The Baron (IRE)
               |     |          |     |                    |                         Mavis (GB) ch f 1874 Macaroni (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    |                              GALLIARD (GB) br c 1880 Galopin (GB) ..... GB 2G
               |     |          |     |                    |                              RATTLEWINGS (GB) b f 1883 Galopin (GB) ..... 13-e
               |     |          |     |                    Chapeau De Paille (GB) b f 1821 Rubens (GB)
               |     |          |     |                    |     CHAPEAU D'ESPAGNE (GB) b f 1834 Doctor Syntax (GB) ..... GB 1G
               |     |          |     |                    Fylde (GB) b c 1824 Antonio (GB)
               |     |          |     Rachel (GB) b f 1763 Blank (GB)
               |     |          |     |     Mark Anthony (GB) b c 1767 Spectator (GB)
               |     |          |     |     HIGHFLYER (GB) b c 1774 King Herod (GB)
               |     |          |     RUTILIA (GB) b f 1769 Blank (GB) ..... 13-a
               |     |          Matchless (GB) b c 1754 Godolphin Arabian
               |     Hautboy Mare (GB) f 1709c Hautboy (GB)
               |     |     Diamond Mare (GB) f 1715c Diamond [Pooley's] (GB)
               |     |          Snake Mare (GB) f 1720c Snake (GB)
               |     |               Tifter Mare (GB) gr f 1725c Tifter (GB)
               |     |                    Hipp Mare (GB) f 1730c Hipp (GB)
               |     |                    |     Spectacle Mare (GB) f 1738c Scarborough Colt (GB)
               |     |                    |          Tarquin [Ancaster] (GB) b c 1745 Godolphin Arabian
               |     |                    Standard [Old] (GB) b c 1736 Young Belgrade (GB)
               |     Old Royal (GB) c 1715c Holderness Turk
               Makeless Mare [Miss Darcy's] (GB) f 1702c Makeless (GB)
               |     Rutland Barb Mare (GB) f 1710c Rutland's Black Barb
               |          Snake Mare (GB) f 1723 Snake (GB)
               |               WHITEFOOT [Hartley's] (GB) ch c 1729 Bloody Buttocks (GB) ..... GB QP
               Duchess (GB) b f 1708 Newcastle Turk
                   Hampton Court Childers (GB) c 1727c Flying Childers (GB)
                   Young Duchess (GB) f 1730c Flying Childers (GB)
                        Ground Ivy (IRE) b c 1737 Young Lamprie (GB)
   
 
   
  KAPANGA (GB) b f 1876 Victorious (GB) ..... continued
     Kalula (USA) b f 1883 King Alfonso (USA)
     |     Charity (USA) b f 1891 Spendthrift (USA)
     |          Lady Bramble (USA) b f 1898 Bramble (USA)
     |               Helen Barbee (USA) ch f 1908 Peep O'Day (GB)
     |                    Helen's Babe (USA) b f 1923 Brown Prince (GB)
     |                         Rockabye Babe (USA) b f 1934 Supremus (USA)
     |                         |     Flying Streak (USA) gr f 1938 Royal Minstrel (GB)
     |                         |          Fly Bye Babe (USA) ch f 1956 Mr. Trouble (USA)
     |                         |               Fly By Venus (USA) b f 1961 Dark Star (USA)
     |                         |               |     Nimble Nova (USA) b f 1980 Northern Dancer (CAN)
     |                         |               |          Alma Alegre (IRE) b f 1995 Lahib (USA)
     |                         |               |               MONTALEGRE (IRE) b c 2002 Montjeu (IRE) ..... AUT D
     |                         |               Green Dolphin (USA) b f 1966 Johns Joy (USA)
     |                         |                    Dolphins Dream (USA) bbr f 1976 New Prospect (USA)
     |                         |                         Big Dreams (USA) bbr f 1980 Great Above (USA)
     |                         |                              Housebuster (USA) bbr c 1987 Mt. Livermore (USA)
     |                         Pet (USA) b f 1938 Pharamond (GB)
     |                              Pamper (USA) b f 1952 Revoked (USA)
     |                                   Pamplona (USA) b f 1963 Tim Tam (USA)
     |                                        PRINCESS EBOLI (GER) b f 1973 Linden Tree (FR) ..... GER O
     KINGSTON (USA) br c 1884 Spendthrift (USA)
     Queenston (USA) ch f 1888 Spendthrift (USA)
          Witchcraft (USA) ch f 1901 Horoscope (USA)
               Hester Prynne (USA) ch f 1910 Disguise (USA)
                    PILLORY (USA) ch c 1919 Olambala (USA) ..... USA P B
   
 
   
  THE HUNTSMAN'S MARE (IRE) b f 1816 Waxy Pope (GB) ..... continued
     Napoleon (IRE) b c 1824 Bob Booty (IRE)
     Ildegarda (IRE) b f 1825 Bob Booty (IRE)
     |     Attraction (GB) b f 1845 Touchstone (GB)
     |          Agility (GB) b f 1860 Voltigeur (GB)
     |               Quick Step (GB) b f 1867 Rapid Rhone (GB)
     |                    Mazurka (IRE) br f 1880 Uncas (GB)
     |                         Shannon Lass (IRE) br f 1895 Butterscotch (IRE)
     |                              Sunray (GB) b f 1911 Sundridge (GB)
     |                              |     Bemax (GB) br f 1926 Orpheus (IRE)
     |                              |          Crax (GB) b f 1936 Singapore (GB)
     |                              |               Infiltration (GB) b f 1945 Sun Ray (GB)
     |                              |                    Blue Sovereign (GB) gr f 1955 Grey Sovereign (GB)
     |                              |                         Smart Sovereign (GB) br f 1967 Smartie (GB)
     |                              |                              SOBINE (DEN) b f 1981 Harambee (IRE) ..... SWE 1G
     |                              Sylvia (GB) b f 1914 Cylgad (GB)
     |                                   Made In England (GB) br f 1922 Son-In-Law (GB)
     |                                        ORMOND (AUT) b c 1929 Dagor (FR) ..... AUT 2G D
     |                                        Medina (HUN) b f 1934 Corvus (HUN)
     |                                             Medika (HUN) b f 1940 Cagliostro (HUN)
     |                                                  Metro (HUN) b f 1954 Robert Endre (GB)
     |                                                       Mikrobusz (HUN) br f 1963 Nostradamus (GER)
     |                                                            Madar (HUN) b f 1972 Seebirk (GDR)
     |                                                            |     Margareta (CS) b f 1977 Court Gift (GB)
     |                                                            |          MARCO POLO (CS) br c 1982 Cobalt (CS) ..... SLO 2G
     |                                                            Mikron (HUN) b f 1978 Isztopirin (HUN)
     |                                                                 Muci (HUN) b f 1984 Hencego (HUN)
     |                                                                      Must (HUN) b f 1989 Gemini (HUN)
     |                                                                           MENEDZSER (HUN) b c 1995 Horatio Luro (USA) ..... HUN D
     The Midge (IRE) b f 1840 Elvas (GB)
          The Mule (IRE) b f 1854 Dough (IRE)
               Shanbally Mare (IRE) b f 1869 Shanbally (IRE)
                    Crosshaven (IRE) b f 1883 Lord Hastings (GB)
                         Surehaven (IRE) ch f 1895 Sweetheart (GB)
                              Meelagh (GB) ch f 1903 Laveno (GB)
                                   Los Angeles (IRE) ch f 1911 Llangibby (GB)
                                        Moving Picture (IRE) b f 1932 Apron (GB)
                                             Pretty Piece (IRE) b f 1938 Fairhaven (GB)
                                                  Presia (GB) b f 1947 Bobsleigh (GB)
                                                       Putnia (POL) br f 1957 Pink Pearl (POL)
                                                            POLONEZ (POL) b c 1963 Aquino (FR) ..... POL 2G
                                                            Pytia (POL) b f 1965 De Corte (POL)
                                                                 PAWIMENT (POL) b c 1974 Mahari (FR) ..... POL 2G
   
Family 13
 
Family 13 descends to the present through two daughters of Sir Ralph Milbanke's black Makeless mare: the SOREHEELS MARE (South's dam) and Gipsy, by King William's No-tongued Barb, although the descendants of Gipsy (branch 13-d) are much less numerous.

The SOREHEELS MARE has had an entry in GSB since the edition of 1791; her dam has been given consistently in all editions as "(the dam of Hartley's Blind Horse) by Makeless, out of Christopher Darcy's Royal Mare." Her breeder was identified as Capt. Hartley starting with the 1808 edition. In various eighteenth century pedigrees her dam was also referred to as "a Darcy Royal Mare" and, in one pedigree, as "Ld Darcy's Royall mare."

Gipsy does not have a broodmare entry in GSB. She was first mentioned in the 1793 edition in the pedigree of

DIANA, (Lord Leigh's,)
Bred by Mr HANGER, foaled in 1740, got by Second,* her dam, Mr Hanger's Brown Mare, by Stanyan's Arabian - Gipsy, by King William's No-tongued Barb - Makeless - Royal Mare.


* According to a letter from Mr Hanger himself to Lord Rockingham, Lord Leigh's Diana was one of three full sisters sired by Whitefoot; Bellina, a half-sister purchased by Lord Rockingham, was sired by Second.

For Mr Hanger's original letter, see Item WWM/R193/21 (Sheffield Archives). Although Charming Molly and Diana are generally thought to have been sired by Second, the available evidence indicates that their sire is more likely to have been Lord Leigh's Whitefoot, generally called Godolphin's Whitefoot.
 
Sir Ralph Milbanke's black mare by Makeless
Her entry in the current edition of GSB gives a pedigree that is probably incorrect, since contradicted by Lord Darcy, it should also include additional produce.

This mare was first mentioned in GSB in the edition of 1791, where she appears in the pedigree of Hartley's Blind Horse. His pedigree is given there as

Holderness Turk - Sir R Milbank's Black Mare, by Makeless - D'Arcy Royal Mare.

This entry was unchanged until the 5th edition of 1891, when Sir Ralph's mare was given her own broodmare entry. Her entry then read

MAKELESS MARE (black),
Sir RALPH MILBANKE'S famous mare, her dam, Darcy's Royal Mare, by Blunderbuss, out of Old Grey Royal, by The Darcy White Turk.
ch c Hartley's Blind Horse, by The Holderness Turk ... Captain Hartley
f by Soreheels ... Captain Hartley
* bl f Gipsy, by King William's No-tongued Barb ... Captain Hartley
*GIPSY bred a f by The Stanyan Arabian
This pedigree was given by Mr Leonard Hartley.
The American Sir Archie (by Diomed) descends from this mare.


Unfortunately, this pedigree is contradicted by two certificates written by Lord Darcy for Creeper appearing in Routh's records (C M Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1925; p 26, 36).

Creepr [1716 gr m] which I [Cuthbert Routh] bought of Ld. D’arcy, “was gott by Woodcock, her dam by ye D. of Rutland’s grey Arab, her grandam was the Old Royall Mare got by Blunderbush, half sistr to Sr R Milbank’s black mare, being both gott by Makeless. Blunderbush Royall’s dam was out of my Gray Royall, and gott by the White Turk.” / Wittness, J D’arcy.

CREEPR. A Gray mare, gott by Woodcock, Her dam by ye D. of Rutland’s Gray Arabian, her grandm was out of my Old Royall Mare, which was gott by Blundrbush, which mare was half sistr to the black Royal mare I sold to Sr Ralph Milbanke, gott by Makeless. Blundrbush Royall’s dam was out of my own Gray Royall, and gott by the White Turk. / Witness my hand, J Darcy.


Like many early pedigrees recorded before the formula became standardized, these certificates are confusingly written and a phrase seems to be missing in the first; they tell us that Creeper was got by Woodcock, her dam by the Duke of Rutland's Grey Arabian; her grandam a half sister to Sir Ralph Milbank's black mare, both being got by Makeless; Creeper's great grandam a Royal Mare, by Blunderbuss; her dam a mare by the White Turk, out of J Darcy's own Grey Royal Mare.

If Mr Hartley received a similar certificate, it is possible that he recorded an incorrect pedigree in his records which were, in turn, the source of the pedigree now given in GSB. Mr Hartley also wrote to Lord Rockingham in 1754 (WWM/R193/45; Sheffield Archives) regarding the pedigree of Countess. There he said

My Blind Horse was got by a Turk brought over from Constantenople by Sr [Rd] Sutton when he was Ambasador for Queen Ann out of Sr Ra: Milbankes black mare which he bought from Sedbury. She was got by Makeless her Dam by Old Royal.

The "Old Royal" mentioned here is most likely too early to have been the same as Old Royal (sire of Bald Charlotte) and should perhaps be regarded more as descriptive than as a proper name.

Pedigrees published in the 18th century of descendants of Sir Ralph's Makeless mare do not extend her pedigree beyond her dam. But it is apparent that the Makeless mare was highly regarded; she was frequently called "famous" and Thomas Panton wrote that she was "dam of several high formed racers."

Eighteenth century advertisements indicate that in addition to her produce in GSB, Sir Ralph's Makeless mare was also dam of Ragged Star, a brown horse by Mr Crofts Bay Barb, advertised as a stallion in 1728 and 1730; of the Duke of Wharton's, later the Earl of Drogheda's Othello, by Greyhound, raced at Newmarket 1720, 1721, 1723, then a stallion in Ireland before being returned to England; and of Young Sparks, a 1730 bay horse, bred by the Earl of Godolphin, got by old Sparks, and advertised as a stallion in 1741.
 
Blunderbuss Royal Mare
As noted above, this Royal Mare was most likely NOT the dam of Sir Ralph Milbanke's Makeless mare. Further, she was probably not Christopher Darcy's Royal Mare. However, after Mr Hartley's papers became available to GSB, she was given an entry in the 1891 edition, as were two of her granddaughters HOLDERNESS TURK MARE (1716) and SNAKE MARE (1723).

ROYAL MARE (Kitt Darcy's),
Bred by Lord DARCY, got by Blunderbuss, her dam, Old Grey Royal, by Darcy White Turk.


Little additional contemporary evidence, beyond that extracted from Mr Hartley's papers by the editor of GSB, has been found to support this construction. An advertisement for a son of the Blind Horse in 1736 (Newcastle Courant. 10 Apr 1736. Numb. 572) gives a pedigree with a mare by Blunderbuss, her dam by a "famous White Turk, then at Sedbury, belonging to the Darcy Family," but does not identify the Blunderbuss mare as Royal. And an advertisement for an Almanzor colt (Newcastle Courant. 5 Apr 1729. Numb. 206.) says only that his dam was by the Holderness Turk, her dam out of the dam of the "famous black Mare of Halnaby."

The other produce assigned by GSB to Kitt Darcy's ROYAL Mare by Blunderbuss is Sir J Jennings' filly by Hautboy, which appears in the GSB entry for TIFTER MARE.

TIFTER MARE,
Her dam by Snake - (Pooley's) Diamond - Hautboy - a mare Sir J Jennings had of old Kitt Darcy, by Blunderbuss.


However, eighteenth century evidence does not fully support this entry. The pedigree occurs in three variants, only one of which mentions Kitt Darcy and none of which includes a Blunderbuss cross.

Advertisements for Bashaw, alias old Standard, say he was got by Belgrade 2d; dam by Tifter; Snake; Pooley Diamond; old Hautboy, out of a mare that Sir Jonathan Jennings had from the late Lord Darcey's Stud, at Sedbury, Yorkshire, thought to be as high a bred Mare as any in England.

Advertisements for Tarquin say he was got by the Godolphin Arabian, his dam by the Scarborough Colt; Hip; Tifter; Snake; Diamond; Hautboy, out of a Mare which Sir John Jennings had of old Kitt Darcy, and valued much.

A pedigree for the Godolphin Hunter in Lord Rockingham's papers (WWM/R193/34a; Sheffield Archives)

taken from Brown's Copy of Sr M: Wyvills Stud Book
Pedigree of the Spectacle Mare - dam of Tarquin - Hill Forsters now Sr Ralph Gores Stallion & also dam of my Godolphin Hunter
The Spectacle Mare - was got by ye Scarborough Colt - her dam by the Pelham Tifter (Sire also of ye Garnet Mare) - her G: dam (the Snake Mare) was got by Old Tifter, her Gt: G: dam by Snake Gt: Gt: G: dam by Pooley's Diamond, her Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Hautboy, her Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Bustler, her Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Old Woodcock out of one of Sr Jonathan Jenning's Mares; which Mare was of the Royal Kind at Sedbury.
N B was foaled Apr ye 4th 1747
Bay Colt off hind foot white


Other surviving evidence suggests that the Blunderbuss Royal Mare was dam of at least two additional produce

The Spectator Numb. CLVIII. / Thursday, August 30. 1711.
But tho' there is so little Care, as I have observed, taken, or Observation made of the natural Strain of Men, it is no small Comfort to me, as a SPECTATOR, that there is any right Value set upon the bona Indoles of other Animals; as appears by the following Advertisement handed about the County of Lincoln, and subscribed by Enos Thomas, a Person whom I have not the Honour to know, but suppose to be profoundly learned in Horse-flesh.
A Chesnut Horse called Csar, bred by James Darcey, Esq; at Sedbury near Richmond in the County of York; his Grandam was his old royal Mare, and got by Blunderbuss, which was got by Hemsly Turk, and he got by Mr Courand's Arabian, which got Mr Minshul's Jewstrump. Mr Csar sold him to a Nobleman (coming five Years old, when he had but one Sweat) for three hundred Guineas. A Guinea a Leap and Trial, and a Shilling the Man. / Enos Thomas.


This pedigree, is, once again, difficult to interpret, but seems to be saying that Caesar, a chesnut horse bred by James Darcy, Esq; at Sedbury was got by Mr Curwen's Arabian (sire of Jews Trump), his dam was by Blunderbuss, out of Darcy's old Royal Mare.

Cheny's print of Bald Charlotte, published 26 Sep 1741, says her sire "Old Royal: which was the son of a Blunderbuss Royal Mare, & the Holderness Turk."

Given the above evidence, the Blunderbuss Royal Mare is not linked to Christopher Darcy in eighteenth century documents. Further, her list of produce should probably be revised to show her as dam of

ch c Caesar, by Mr Curwen's Arabian (sire of Jews Trump) … James Darcy, Esq;
c old Royal (sire of Bald Charlotte) by the Holderness Turk …
f by the Duke of Rutland's Grey Arabian (dam, in 1716, of Mr Routh's Creeper, by Woodcock) …
f by the Duke of Rutland's Black Barb (dam of 2 mares owned by Mr Hartley) ...

Although Blunderbuss was described by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill as "one of the most noted stallions of his Time, and to this day his blood is as much valued as any in England," he is now found in only two other contexts. Mr Hutton's Hen Mare (Fen Mare in GSB) by the Royal Colt had as her dam a mare by Blunderbuss, out of the Old Thornton Mare, by Mr Place's White Barb (or Turk). The other occurs in an advertisement for Mazard alias Roger from the Universal Advertiser (Dublin) of 30 Apr 1754. This horse was bred by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill and his pedigree in the advertisement was certified by Sir Marmaduke as got by his Belgrade the 2d; old Tifter; Ld Darcy's Woodcock; Ld Darcy's Chesnut Arabian; Blunderbuss, "out of a natural Barb mare, which was dam to the famous Makeless." Reference to Lord Rockingham's records (WWM/R193/49; Sheffield Archives; from Brown's copy of Sir M: Wyvill's Stud Book) indicates that the natural Barb Mare was actually grandam of Makeless.

Makeless - was got by Gene...l Oglethorpe's Arabian his dam by Ld D'Arcy's Y...llow Turk - & out of a Natural Barb Mare - which Sr Jno Lawson (a Sea Admiral) bought from Barbary & gave her to King Charles - who gave her to Ld d'Arcy.

This, incidentally, gives us an apt example of a Royal Mare, that is, one formerly owned by the monarch.
 
Christopher Darcy's Royal Mare
As discussed above, there is no clear evidence for the pedigree of this mare. Lord Darcy said only that the dam of Sir Ralph Milbanke's black Makeless mare was NOT the Blunderbuss Royal Mare (dam by the White Turk, out of his own Grey Royal). In pedigrees of her descendants the dam of Sir Ralph's Makeless mare is variously referred to as "a Royal Mare," "Mr Darcy's Royal Mare," and once as Lord Darcy's (implying the pedigree was written down no earlier than 1721, when James Darcy the younger became Lord Darcy of Navan). She was also described by Thomas Panton as "a Royal Mare, esteemed the best bred Mare in England" (Whitehall Evening Post. 30 Dec [1760]-1 Jan 1761. No. 2308.; advertisement for Matchless). After 1755, pedigrees of Danby Cade and South specified Christopher Darcy's Royal Mare, Christopher (or Kit) having been a younger brother of James's. And in 1769, a pedigree provided by the Duke of Ancaster for Pagan, a great grandson of Gipsy, also specified "Christopher Darcey's Royal Mare." Since mitochondrial DNA testing to date indicates that most family 11 and 13 share the same haplotype, it is reassuring that family 11 is also linked by pedigree records to a mare of Christopher Darcy's.

A confusing pedigree in the Dutton records (Gloucestershire Record Office, D678/1 F14/5/6) also mentions in passing the "Dam of Sr Ralph Milbanks famous Black mare."

139
The Mixberry Mare
A grey filly got by Lord Godolphin’s Arabian,
her Dam by a full sister brother to Mixberrry, her Gdam
by the Balled Galloway, her great g dam by the
*Sire of Gypsy & Ld Darcys Black Legs Royall mare
which was the Dam of Sr Ralph Milbanks famous
Black mare, Dam of Gypsy & Othello
Three years old 1748 [Died 1749]

* The Barb without a Tongue brought over by Mr Marshall


This pedigree appears to represent the same maternal line as GSB's MERLIN MARE (dam, in 1783, of Meteor, by Eclipse) which is now given (after going through several revisions in earlier editions) as

MERLIN MARE,
Bred by Lord CHEDWORTH, in 1765, her dam, Mother Pratt, by Marksman - Mixbury - Bald Galloway - King William's Black Barb - Lord Darcy Black-legged Royal Mare.


There is a Darcy Blacklegs Royal Mare mentioned in the Duke of Newcastle's records. However, she appears to have been the ancestress of family 7, which does not have the same mtDNA haplotype as families 11 and 13. If the Dutton pedigree is accurate, perhaps the explanation is that there was another Blacklegs Royal Mare belonging to Christopher Darcy, derived from a different matrilineage. And possibly Blacklegs (the sire) was the horse Mr Hartley called "Old Royal" in his letter to Lord Rockingham. Given the short pedigrees in the very earliest records, however, misinterpretation must also remain a possibility.

Current mtDNA testing results also indicate that family 4 shares the same type as do families 11 and 13; however, there is presently no known overlap in pedigrees between families 4 and 11 or 13, suggesting that the common matrilineal ancestor predates historical records.
 

     
Don Quixote (GB) ch c 1784 Eclipse (GB) - Grecian Princess (GB), by Williams's Forester (GB)
Don Quixote (GB)
Match Winner
  Kingston (USA) br c 1884 Spendthrift (USA) - Kapanga (GB), by Victorious (GB)
Kingston (USA)
1886 Camden Stakes
     

     
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