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Family 12

 




English Families

1 1a 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f 1g 1h 1i 1j 1k 1l 1m 1n 1o 1p 1r 1s 1t 1u 1w 1x 2 2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f 2g 2h 2i 2j 2k 2l 2m 2n 2o 2p 2r 2s 2t 2u 2w 3 3a 3b 3c 3d 3e 3f 3g 3h 3i 3j 3k 3l 3m 3n 3o 4 4a 4b 4c 4d 4e 4f 4g 4h 4i 4j 4k 4l 4m 4n 4o 4p 4r 5 5a 5b 5c 5d 5e 5f 5g 5h 5i 5j 6 6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6x 7 7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 8 8a 8b 8c 8d 8e 8f 8g 8h 8i 8j 8k 9 9a 9b 9c 9d 9e 9f 9g 9h 10 10a 10b 10c 10d 10e 11 11a 11b 11c 11d 11e 11f 12 12a 12b 12c 12d 12e 12f 12g 13 13a 13b 13c 13d 13e 14 14a 14b 14c 14d 14e 14f 15 15a 15b 15d 16 16a 16b 16c 16d 16e 16f 16g 16h 17 17a 17b 17c 17d 18 18a 19 19a 19b 19c 20 20a 20b 20c 20d 21 21a 22 22a 22b 22c 22d 23 23a 23b 24 25 26 27 27a 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74




Profiles


Sampson


Eclipse

Since the 1891 edition of the General Stud Book (GSB), Whiteshirt Mare and Mother Western have been presented as half-sisters. Long regarded as improbable, the work of Bower et al (2012a) confirms from mtDNA haplotyping that the descendants of Mother Western and the Whiteshirt Mare are matrilineally unrelated. The authors, however, contribute to continuing confusion about family 12 by going on to say that Mother Western descends from Lord Montague's Mare and conclude that Mother Western's lineage belongs in family 20. Neither the scientific evidence nor the historic record justify that conclusion.
 

 
ROYAL MARE
     Brimmer Mare (Brimmer)
          Hautboy Mare (Hautboy)
               MONTAGU MARE (Darcy's Old Montagu)
                    Mother Western (Easby Snake)
                         Spilletta (Regulus)
                                   LUNA (King Herod) ..... 12-g
 

 
               MONTAGUE MARE [Lord Montague of Cowdray]
                    WHITESHIRT MARE [Sister To Diamond] (Whiteshirt) ..... 12-a
                         Darcy's Chesnut Arabian Mare (Darcy's Chesnut Arabian)
                              Sister 1 To Little George (Curwen Bay Barb)
                                   Sister To Sampson (Greyhound)
                                        Lady Thigh [Grisewood's] (Partner [Crofts])
                                        |    DIANA (Cullen Arabian) ..... 12-b
                                        |    Sister To Diana (Cullen Arabian)
                                        |         Principessa (1762 Blank)
                                        |              Heinel (Squirrel)
                                        |                   Woodpecker Mare (Woodpecker)
                                        |                        Cobbea (Skyscraper)
                                        |                             Witchery (Sorcerer)
                                        |                                  Dulcamara (Waxy)
                                        |                                       Salute (Muley)
                                        |                                            Sultan Mare (Sultan)
                                        |                                                 MAY BELL (Hetman Platoff) ..... 12-e
                                        MEYNELL (Partner [Crofts]) ..... 12-c
                                        |    Bay Starling (Starling [Bolton])
                                        |         Blank Mare (Blank)
                                        |              Snap Mare (Snap)
                                        |                   Woodpecker Mare (Woodpecker)
                                        |                        Precipitate Mare (Precipitate)
                                        |                             Monimia (Muley)
                                        |                                  Hester (Camel)
                                        |                                       HERSEY (Glaucus) ..... 12-d
                                        Jenny Spinner (Partner [Crofts])
                                             Prophetess (Regulus)
                                                  Piracantha (Matchem)
                                                       Ruler Mare (Ruler)
                                                            Walnut Mare (Walnut)
                                                                 Overton Mare (Overton)
                                                                      Phantom Mare (Phantom)
                                                                           Brutandorf Mare (Brutandorf)
                                                                                MISS NANCY (Cain) ..... 12-f
 

 
ROYAL MARE f 1685c
     Brimmer Mare (GB) f 1695c Brimmer (GB)
          Queen [Darcy's] (GB) f 1705c Hautboy Colt (GB)
          |     Snake Mare (GB) f 1715c Snake (GB)
          |          Spark Mare (GB) f 1725c Spark (GB)
          |               Hip Mare (GB) f 1735c Hip (GB)
          |                    SAMPSON (GB) bl c 1745 Blaze (GB)
          Hautboy Mare (GB) f 1710c Hautboy (GB)
               Montague Mare (GB) f 1715c Darcy's Old Montagu (GB)
                    Woodcock Mare (GB) f 1720c Woodcock (GB)
                    |     CHAMPION [Vavasour's] (GB) b c 1739 Goliah [Bolton] (GB) ..... GB QP
                    Mother Western (GB) f 1731 Snake Colt (GB)
                         MISS WESTERN (GB) ch f 1746 Sedbury (GB) ..... GB QP
                         |     Miss Cranbourne (GB) br f 1753 Godolphin Arabian
                         |     |     Plotina (GB) br f 1769 Snap (GB)
                         |     |     |     CAVENDISH (GB) ch c 1784 Young Morwick (GB) ..... GB QP
                         |     |     Sister To Gnawpost (GB) b f 1772 Snap (GB)
                         |     |          Pandolpho (GB) ch c 1789 Pretender (GB)
                         |     Sister To Mahomet (GB) b f 1762 Bajazet (GB)
                         |          Pretender (ch c 1771 Marske)
                         Spilletta (GB) b f 1749 Regulus (GB)
                         |     ECLIPSE (GB) ch c 1764 Shakespeare (GB) or Marske (GB) ..... GB QP
                         |     Proserpine (GB) b f 1766 Marske (GB)
                         |          Hebe (GB) b f 1774 Chrysolite (GB)
                         |          |     Dare Devil (GB) b c 1787 Magnet (GB)
                         |          |     Drab (GB) b f 1791 Highflyer (GB)
                         |          |          Dabchick (GB) br f 1798 Potoooooooo (GB)
                         |          |          |     Vanity (GB) b f 1803 Buzzard (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     Coquette (GB) ch f 1814 Dick Andrews (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |     Grisette (GB) ch f 1825 Merlin (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |          Esperance (GB) b f 1836 Lap Dog (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |               Espoir (GB) b f 1841 Liverpool (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    Ethelbert (GB) ch c 1850 Faugh-A-Ballagh (IRE)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    Elfrida (GB) br f 1853 Faugh-A-Ballagh (IRE)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     Lily (GB) br f 1865 Cape Flyaway (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |     Verbena (GB) bl f 1885 Trappist (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          GERANIUM (GER) br c 1894 Chamant (FR) ..... GER SL
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     Inverness (GB) b f 1866 Macaroni (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          Lady Caroline (USA) br f 1878 Australian (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          |     Carline (USA) ch f 1885 King Ban (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          |          FLOCARLINE (USA) ch f 1900 St. Florian (USA)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          |                                                                   ..... USA P
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          Patroness (USA) b f 1881 Pat Malloy (USA)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          |     HIS EMINENCE (USA) b c 1898 Falsetto (USA)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          |                                                           ..... USA KD
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          JOE COTTON (USA) ch c 1882 King Alfonso (USA)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |                                                                     ..... USA KD
                         |          |          |     |     |                    BROWN DUCHESS (GB) br f 1858 The Flying Dutchman (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |                                                                                 ..... GB O
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     Visionary (GB) bbr f 1864 Loup-Garou (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |     Utopia (GB) b f 1868 Rataplan (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          Free Trade (GB) b f 1876 Pretender (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          |     Belle Et Bonne (GB) b f 1887 Jolly Friar (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          |          LA CAMARGO (FR) b f 1898 Childwick (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          |                                                         ..... FR 1G O
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          |               Mauri (FR) ch f 1909 Ajax (FR)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          |                    MASSINE (FR) b c 1920 Consols (FR)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          |                                                ..... FR A, GB AGC
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |          Solesky (GB) b f 1879 Thunder (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     |               Solitaire (GB) b c 1896 Ayrshire (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |     Noblesse (GB) b f 1868 Stockwell (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |          Lady Maura (GB) b f 1879 Macaroni (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |               Gaillarde (AH) b f 1890 Galopin (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                    |                    GALIFARD (AH) b c 1896 Gunnersbury (GB) ..... GER D
                         |          |          |     |     |                    Hopeful Duchess (GB) b f 1859 The Flying Dutchman (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                         Realisation (GB) b f 1875 Vespasian (GB)
                         |          |          |     |     |                              MAXIM (NZ) br c 1884 Musket (GB) ..... NZ CJC D
                         |          |          |     |     CATGUT (GB) br f 1816 Juniper (GB) or Comus (GB) ..... GB 1G
                         |          |          |     Vestal (GB) br f 1811 Walton (GB)
                         |          |          |          Vampyre (GB) b c 1817 Waxy (GB)
                         |          |          Dodona (GB) b f 1802 Waxy (GB)
                         |          |              Seagrave (GB) b c 1812 Walton (GB)
                         |          Caelia (GB) b f 1775 King Herod (GB)
                         |          |     Sister To Tickle Toby (GB) b f 1784 Alfred (GB)
                         |          |     |     Persepolis (GB) ch f 1803 Alexander (GB)
                         |          |     |          Granicus (B) ch c 1807 Sorcerer (GB)
                         |          |     |          TIGRIS (GB) ch c 1812 Quiz (GB) ..... GB 2G
                         |          |     |          Arbis (GB) ch f 1819 Quiz (GB)
                         |          |     |          |     Bay Middleton Mare (GB) b f 1839 Bay Middleton (GB)
                         |          |     |          |          Diadem (GB) b f 1847 Coronation (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               Zenobia (GB) b f 1862 Nutbourne (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |     Britannia (GB) b f 1871 Cathedral (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |     Virgo (AUS) b f 1876 The Drummer (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |          Busybody (AUS) ch f 1883 Grand Flaneur (AUS)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |               The Meddler (AUS) b f 1890 Trenton (NZ)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |                    Artemis (AUS) br f 1898 Haut Brion (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |                    |     DEMETRIUS (AUS) b c 1918 Cooltrim (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |                    |                                              ..... AUS MRC G
                         |          |     |          |               |     |                    YABBA GABBA (AUS) br f 1903 Ruenalf (AUS)
                         |          |     |          |               |     |                                                                    ..... AUS VRC O
                         |          |     |          |               |     Zeneyda (GB) b f 1876 Rosicrucian (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |          Linfa (GB) ch f 1889 Galliard (GB)
                         |          |     |          |               |               Menta (ARG) ch f 1895 St. Gall (FR)
                         |          |     |          |               |                    RODERICK DHU (ARG) c 1900 St. Mirin (GB) ..... ARG 2G
                         |          |     |          |               Miss Laura (GB) ch f 1868 Trumpeter (GB)
                         |          |     |          |                    ST. LAURA (NZ) ch f 1890 St. Leger (NZ) ..... NZ GNG
                         |          |     |          Arethissa (GB) ch f 1824 Quiz (GB)
                         |          |     |               Arsena (GB) b f 1828 Morisco (GB)
                         |          |     |               |     Arsenic (GB) ch f 1833 The Colonel (GB)
                         |          |     |               |          POISON (GB) ch f 1840 Plenipotentiary (GB) ..... GB O
                         |          |     |               Io (GB) ch f 1836 Taurus (GB)
                         |          |     |                    Glaucus Mare (GB) ch f 1842 Glaucus (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |     TOMYRIS (GB) b f 1851 Sesostris (GB) ..... continued below
                         |          |     |                    Isis (GB) ch f 1844 Slane (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |     Isilia (GB) b f 1861 Newminster (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |          Invicta (GB) ch f 1871 Blair Athol (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |          |     Invincible (GB) b f 1877 Galopin (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |          |          Merry Bell (GB) ch f 1888 Charibert (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |          |               Muffins (GB) b f 1899 Ladas (GB)
                         |          |     |                    |          |                    MAMOUR (RUS) b c 1909 Falb (AH) ..... RUS D
                         |          |     |                    |          Clanronald (GB) b c 1873 Blair Athol (GB)
                         |          |     |                    Lapidist (GB) b c 1849 Touchstone (GB)
                         |          |     TICKLE TOBY (GB) b c 1786 Alfred (GB) ..... GB QP
                         |          |     Sister To Tickle Toby (GB) b f 1789 Alfred (GB)
                         |          |     |     Lady's Maid (GB) b f 1799 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
                         |          |     |          Thunderbolt Mare (GB) b f 1815 Thunderbolt (GB)
                         |          |     |               Lady Di (GB) b f 1832 Actaeon (GB)
                         |          |     |                    Delia (GB) bl f 1840 Dick (GB)
                         |          |     |                         Hetty (GB) ch f 1862 Surplice (GB)
                         |          |     |                              Sophy (GB) ch f 1877 St. Albans (GB)
                         |          |     |                                   Silver Plate (GB) ch f 1881 Syrian (GB)
                         |          |     |                                        Silver Lute (GB) ch f 1890 Petrarch (GB)
                         |          |     |                                             Silver Box (AH) b f 1898 Matchbox (GB)
                         |          |     |                                                  Tiszta Ezust (AH) b f 1908 Gouvernant (FR)
                         |          |     |                                                  |     Tiszavolgy (AH) ch f 1915 Beregvolgy (AH)
                         |          |     |                                                  |          Tima (HUN) b f 1924 Pázmán (AH)
                         |          |     |                                                  |          |     GAMMA (HUN) b f 1933 Ganelon (GER)
                         |          |     |                                                  |          |                                                  ..... HUN O
                         |          |     |                                                  |          |          GANYMED (FR) b c 1948 Boho (HUN)
                         |          |     |                                                  |          |                                                  ..... AUT D
                         |          |     |                                                  |          TISZAVIRAG (HUN) b f 1925 Pázmán (AH)
                         |          |     |                                                  |                                          ..... HUN D O, AUT O
                         |          |     |                                                  Slatina (AH) ch f 1911 Wombwell (GB)
                         |          |     |                                                       Sulfina (RUM) b f 1922 Tokfilko (AH)
                         |          |     |                                                            Stanca (RUM) b f 1928 Cocos (AH)
                         |          |     |                                                                 STANA (RUM) gr f 1940 Birmah (FR) ..... RUM O
                         |          |     King Fergus Mare (GB) b f 1790 King Fergus (GB)
                         |          |     |     True Blue (GB) b c 1797 Walnut (GB)
                         |          |     |     SCOTIA (GB) gr f 1799 Delpini (GB) ..... GB O
                         |          |     |          Jest (GB) gr f 1810 Waxy (GB)
                         |          |     |               Ally (GB) b f 1818 Partisan (GB)
                         |          |     |                    Tros (GB) br c 1836 Priam (GB)
                         |          |     |                    Nuncio (GB) br c 1839 Plenipotentiary (GB)
                         |          |     Highland Fling (GB) b c 1798 Spadille (GB)
                         |          LUNA (GB) ch f 1779 King Herod (GB) ..... 12-g
                         Sister To Young Rib (GB) gr f 1751 Rib (GB)
                              Magog (GB) gr c 1773 Matchem (GB)
                              Sister To Viceroy (GB) gr f 1775c Le Sang (GB)
                                   Sister To Windlestone (GB) gr f 1782 Magnet (GB)
                                   |     Honest John (GB) br c 1794 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
                                   WINDLESTONE (GB) gr c 1783 Magnet (GB) ..... GB QP
                                   Heiress (GB) b f 1786 Paymaster (GB)
                                   |     Katharine (GB) b f 1798 Delpini (GB)
                                   |          Shuttle Mare (GB) b f 1806 Shuttle (GB)
                                   |               Garcia (GB) br f 1823 Octavian (GB)
                                   |                    ARCHIBALD (GB) b c 1829 Paulowitz (GB) ..... GB 2G
                                   |                    Malibran (GB) b f 1830 Whisker (GB)
                                   |                    |     Ionian (GB) b c 1841 Ion (GB)
                                   |                    |     Jenny Lind (GB) b f 1845 Touchstone (GB)
                                   |                    |     |     THE HERMIT (GB) br c 1851 Bay Middleton (GB) ..... GB 2G
                                   |                    |     Ione (GB) b f 1846 Ion (GB)
                                   |                    |     |     Overture (GB) b f 1860 Teddington (GB)
                                   |                    |     |          ORCHESTRA (GB) ch f 1873 Trumpeter (GB) ..... continued below
                                   |                    |     Orpheus (GB) ch c 1849 Orlando (GB)
                                   |                    |     Marsyas (GB) ch c 1851 Orlando (GB)
                                   |                    Queen Anne (GB) b f 1843 Slane (GB)
                                   |                         Kingston (GB) b c 1849 Venison (GB)
                                   Sir Peter Mare (GB) gr f 1794 Sir Peter Teazle (GB)
                                        Hambletonian Mare (GB) ch f 1804 Hambletonian (GB)
                                             Verona (GB) b f 1819 Ardrossan (GB)
                                                  FRANCK (FR) b c 1833 Rainbow (GB) ..... FR D
                                                  Norma (FR) b f 1834 Sylvio (FR)
                                                       Sylvina (FR) b f 1840 Fra Diavolo (FR)
                                                            Sylvia (FR) b f 1848 Commodor Napier (FR)
                                                                 Sylvie (FR) br f 1860 Nunnykirk (GB)
                                                                 |     Salette (FR) b f 1881 Mandrake (GB)
                                                                 |          Salamandre (FR) b f 1889 Ladislas (GB)
                                                                 |               Semiramis (FR) b f 1896 Dauphin (FR)
                                                                 |                    INSPECTOR (ARG) b c 1909 Le Samaritain (FR) ..... ARG 2G
                                                                 |                    Salida (ARG) b f 1912 Val D'Or (FR)
                                                                 |                         Trompeta (ARG) ch f 1923 Tracery (USA)
                                                                 |                              Regenta (ARG) b f 1930 Re-Echo (GB)
                                                                 |                                   Vengadora (ARG) ch f 1943 Ipe (FR)
                                                                 |                                        BRANDING (ARG) ch c 1949 Burudun (ARG)
                                                                 |                                                                                           ..... ARG D
                                                                 Pretentaine (FR) b f 1863 Zouave (FR)
                                                                      Marie Margot (FR) b f 1882 St. Cloud (FR)
                                                                           MADAME DE ST. VALIERS (RUS) b f 1891 Gracjan (POL) ..... RUS O
   
 
   
  TOMYRIS (GB) b f 1851 Sesostris (GB) ..... continued
     Eastern Princess (GB) ch f 1858 Surplice (GB)
     |     PRINCE CHARLIE (GB) ch c 1869 Blair Athol (GB) ..... GB 2G
     |     Thuringian Prince (GB) ch c 1871 Thormanby (GB)
     |     Camilla (GB) ch f 1872 Saunterer (GB)
     |     |     Martha (GB) ch f 1887 Marden (GB)
     |     |          Merlette (FR) ch f 1896 Clairon (FR)
     |     |               Menzieza (FR) ch f 1903 Polygone (FR)
     |     |                    Menzhar (FR) ch f 1926 Harry Of Hereford (GB)
     |     |                         Look See (FR) ch f 1938 Louqsor (FR)
     |     |                              Lustam (HUN) b f 1949 Le Bourget (FR)
     |     |                                   FALUSI (HUN) b c 1959 Fidibus (HUN) ..... HUN SL
     |     Semiramis (GB) b f 1873 Julius (GB)
     |          Tebro (GB) b f 1877 Lydon (GB)
     |               TARRAGONA (POL) b f 1890 Sorgho (FR) ..... POL O
     |               Touraine (POL) b f 1891 Kordjan (POL)
     |               |     Turquoise (POL) b f 1897 Althorp (GB)
     |               |          Trajm (POL) b f 1905 Mazur (POL)
     |               |               PRAJM (RUS) b c 1915 Splendor (POL) ..... POL SL
     |               TAMBOURIN (POL) b c 1892 Braconnier (FR) ..... POL 2G D
     HESTER (GB) b f 1867 Thormanby (GB) ..... GB 1G
     |     Bonnie Dundee (GB) ch f 1875 Blair Athol (GB)
     |     |     Industrie (RUS) br f 1885 Insulaire (FR)
     |     |          Iwerja (RUS) br f 1895 Don Cesar De Basan (RUS)
     |     |               Inalissa (RUS) br f 1900 Aschabad (POL)
     |     |                    GALUST (RUS) br c 1911 Galilej (RUS) ..... RUS D
     |     Hysteria (GB) b f 1884 Hampton (GB)
     |     |     Barbara (FR) ch f 1890 King Lud (GB)
     |     |          Hasseki (FR) ch f 1896 Madcap (FR)
     |     |          |     Halima (FR) br f 1905 Doricles (GB)
     |     |          |     |     Highly (FR) b f 1911 Ajax (FR)
     |     |          |     |     |     Highborn (FR) ch c 1923 Saint Just (FR)
     |     |          |     |     Palatea (FR) br f 1919 Prince Palatine (IRE)
     |     |          |     |          Mysel (FR) b f 1923 Dark Legend (GB)
     |     |          |     |               MISS ROCK (FR) b f 1935 Bishop's Rock (FR) ..... RUM O
     |     |          |     Haki (FR) br c 1912 Rabelais (GB)
     |     |          Quakeresse (FR) ch f 1905 Amphion (GB)
     |     |               Xanthene (FR) gr f 1912 Grey Plume (GB)
     |     |                    Gracilite (FR) b f 1921 Sweeper (FR)
     |     |                    |     Capella (FR) ch f 1933 Tourbillon (FR)
     |     |                    |          Nosca (FR) b c 1939 Abjer (FR)
     |     |                    XANDOVER (FR) gr c 1927 Condover (GB) ..... FR 2G
     |     Hortense (GB) b f 1886 Hampton (GB)
     |          Panache (GB) b f 1895 Morion (GB)
     |               St. Sava (GB) br f 1907 St. Serf (GB)
     |                    Marcus (GB) b c 1913 Cicero (GB)
     Scythian Princess (GB) ch f 1871 Thormanby (GB)
          ITALY (AH) b f 1882 Petrarch (GB) ..... HUN O
          FIDELITY (AH) ch f 1884 Craig Miller (GB) ..... HUN O
          |     Scarcity (AH) ch f 1894 Galaor (FR)
          |     |     Likypia (AH) ch f 1902 Tokio (AH)
          |     |          LEDA (AH) b f 1918 Dagor (FR) ..... HUN O, AUT O
          |     |               Dalia (HUN) b f 1926 Lavendel (HUN)
          |     |                    FURSTENBRAUCH (HUN) bl c 1934 Santorb (IRE) .....HUN D
          |     Virginie (AH) b f 1895 Primas (AH)
          |          Vignette (AH) b f 1909 Raeburn (GB)
          |               Viktoria (AUT) b f 1919 Ossian (FR)
          |                    Heimwehr (AUT) b f 1928 Dagor (FR)
          |                    |     Hájenka (CS) f 1940c Simson (CS)
          |                    |     |     HAJEK (CS) b c 1949 Gradivo (GER) ..... CS D
          |                    |     Heda (CS) b f 1945 Etalon Or (FR)
          |                    |          HVIEZDA (CS) b f 1957 Detvan (CS) ..... CS O
          |                    |               Helada (CS) br f 1964 Blyskac (CS)
          |                    |               |     Helona (CS) b f 1972 Lyon (CS)
          |                    |               |          Hexa (CS) br f 1979 Toxin (GB)
          |                    |               |               HEKA (CS) br f 1984 Norbert (HUN) ..... CS O
          |                    |               HVIEZDAR (CS) b c 1968 Lyon (CS) ..... CS D
          |                    Valanda (GDR) bl f 1935 Laland (GER)
          |                         Vorsicht (GER) bbr f 1943 Abendfrieden (GER)
          |                              Virginia (GER) b f 1953 Harlekin (GER)
          |                              |     Vendetta (GER) br f 1958 Birkhahn (GER)
          |                              |          Version (GDR) br f 1973 Bernardus (GER)
          |                              |               VERITA (GDR) br f 1979 Sambar (SU) ..... GDR O
          |                              Veracruz (GDR) b f 1960 Niederlander (GER)
          |                                   VERSUCH (GDR) b c 1968 Baba (GDR) ..... GDR D
          Magpie (AH) ch f 1887 Craig Millar (GB)
               Trilby (AH) ch f 1894 Waisenknabe (GER)
               |     THERESE RAQUIN (AH) ch f 1904 Gaga (GB) ..... POL O
               Maria Pia (AH) ch f 1896 Gunnersbury (GB)
                    MAC G. (AH) ch c 1903 Gaga (GB) ..... HUN 2G
   
 
   
  ORCHESTRA (GB) ch f 1873 Trumpeter (GB) ..... continued
     Mireille (GB) b f 1877 Young Melbourne (GB)
     |     Milanaise (FR) ch f 1895 Pellegrino (GB)
     |          GALTEE BOY (POL) br c 1902 Galtee More (IRE) ..... POL D
     Monotony (GB) ch f 1881 See Saw (GB)
     |     Reposo (GB) ch f 1894 Amphion (GB)
     |     |     Beautiful Dreamer (IRE) ch f 1903 Enthusiast (GB)
     |     |          Taneyoshi (JPN) ch f 1912 Diamond Wedding (GB)
     |     |          |     Astral (JPN) ch f 1921 Chapel Brampton (GB)
     |     |          |     |     KABUTOYAMA (JPN) b c 1930 Shian Mor (GB) ..... JPN D
     |     |          |     |     GOVERNOR (JPN) br c 1932 Shian Mor (GB) ..... JPN D
     |     |          |     |     Astral III (JPN) b f 1937 Shian Mor (GB)
     |     |          |     |          O Matsukaze (JPN) ch f 1944 Diolite (GB)
     |     |          |     |               Marvelous (JPN) b f 1951 Primero (IRE)
     |     |          |     |               |     Rheinland (JPN) b f 1957 Rising Flame (IRE)
     |     |          |     |               |          Haya Fubuki (JPN) b f 1963 Tulyartos (IRE)
     |     |          |     |               |               TAKE HOHPU (JPN) b c 1970 Indiana (IRE) ..... JPN D SL
     |     |          |     |               KEGON (JPN) ch c 1952 Primero (IRE) ..... JPN 2G
     |     |          |     |               O HAYABUSA (JPN) br f 1959 Hindostan (IRE) ..... JPN O
     |     |          |     Yukiyoshi (JPN) ch f 1931 Tournesol (GB)
     |     |          |          My Love (JPN) b f 1946 Theft (IRE)
     |     |          |               Miss Miharu (JPN) b f 1951 Miharu O (JPN)
     |     |          |               |     Yamato Masaru (JPN) ch f 1965 Kodama (JPN)
     |     |          |               |          Shirutiku (JPN) b f 1981 Dancer's Image (USA)
     |     |          |               |               LEO DURBAN (JPN) b c 1988 Maruzensky (JPN) ..... JPN SL
     |     |          |               Miss Midori (JPN) b f 1955 Tosa Midori (JPN)
     |     |          |                    Queen Epolo (JPN) ch f 1964 Tiepolo (ITY)
     |     |          |                         Hokuei Ribbon (JPN) ch f 1973 Eagle (GB)
     |     |          |                              EREBUS (JPN) ch f 1982 Magnitude (IRE) ..... JPN 1G
     |     |          |                                   River Girl (JPN) b f 1991 Rivlia (USA)
     |     |          |                                        T.M. OCEAN (JPN) b f 1998 Dancing Brave (USA) ..... JPN 1G
     |     |          Beautiful Dreamer III (JPN) ch f 1917 Intaglio (GB)
     |     |               Buchanum Beauty (JPN) b f 1929 Shian Mor (GB)
     |     |               |     Buchanum Beauty IV (JPN) br f 1940 Diolite (GB)
     |     |               |     |     Shirahata (JPN) br f 1945 Primero (IRE)
     |     |               |     |     |     MEIJI HIKARI (JPN) b c 1952 Kumohata (JPN) ..... JPN SL
     |     |               |     |     HAKURYO (JPN) b c 1950 Primero (IRE) ..... JPN SL
     |     |               |     Buchanum Beauty V (JPN) ch f 1941 Tournesol (GB)
     |     |               |          Orion (JPN) ch f 1948 Tsukitomo (JPN)
     |     |               |          |     KAZUYOSHI (JPN) ch c 1954 Turks Reliance (FR) ..... JPN 2G
     |     |               |          Hayanobori (JPN) ch f 1949 Hayatake (JPN)
     |     |               |          |     SHINZAN (JPN) b c 1961 Hindostan (IRE) ..... JPN 2G D SL
     |     |               |          JITSU HOMARE (JPN) ch f 1950 Minami Homare (JPN) ..... JPN O
     |     |               Brighton (JPN) br f 1933 Shian Mor (GB)
     |     |               |     Kuri Susumu (JPN) b f 1944 Tokino Chikara (JPN)
     |     |               |     |     Kurizono (JPN) ch f 1950 Toshishiro (JPN)
     |     |               |     |          Grandford (JPN) b f 1958 Tosa Midori (JPN)
     |     |               |     |               TAMAMI (JPN) b f 1967 Karim (IRE) ..... JPN 1G
     |     |               |     Asa Lite (JPN) b f 1953 Toshishiro (JPN)
     |     |               |          Kyoei Pansee (JPN) b f 1965 Wildeal (JPN)
     |     |               |               INTER GUSHIKEN (JPN) bbl c 1975 Tesco Boy (GB) ..... JPN SL
     |     |               Branch (JPN) b f 1934 Shian Mor (GB)
     |     |                    Dreamer (JPN) br f 1945 Diolite (GB)
     |     |                         Take Sakura (JPN) ch f 1953 Minami Homare (JPN)
     |     |                              Kiyo (JPN) ch f 1957 Turks Reliance (FR)
     |     |                                   HIRO YOSHI (JPN) b f 1963 Guersant (FR) ..... JPN O
     |     Mosul (GB) ch f 1896 Bona Vista (GB)
     |          Mosel (GER) ch f 1911 Galtee More (IRE)
     |               VYSEHRAD (CS) ch c 1924 Sanskrit (AH) ..... AUT D
     Symphony (GB) ch f 1886 Peter (GB)
          Sympathy (IRE) ch f 1891 Sefton (GB)
               Sympathetic (IRE) ch f 1901 Egerton (GB)
                    Whinstone (IRE) br f 1905 Desmond (GB)
                         Tregaron (IRE) ch f 1914 Tredennis (GB)
                              La Traviata (FR) b f 1924 Alcantara (FR)
                                   La Diva (FR) br f 1937 Blue Skies (FR)
                                        Chanteur (FR) br c 1942 Chateau Bouscaut (FR)
                                        La Divine (FR) br f 1943 Fair Copy (GB)
                                             Lucinda (FR) b f 1947 Jock (FR)
                                             |     Datour (FR) ch c 1952 Tourbillon (FR)
                                             Tanerko (FR) br c 1953 Tantieme (FR)
   
Family 12
 
See Equine Genetic Genealogy and Deep-Rooted Anomalies.
 

Whiteshirt Mare
According to the General Stud Book, WHITESHIRT MARE was half-sister to MOTHER WESTERN, (the grandam of Eclipse), their dam by Old Montagu - mare by Hautboy - mare by Brimmer - Royal Mare [GSB 1:13].

C M Prior, citing the private stud book of Mr Cuthbert Routh, says the WHITESHIRT MARE was "'out of an extraordinary mare of Ld Montague of Codrey [Cowdray, Sussex]" [Early Records:37].

William Pick says WHITESHIRT MARE was out of "a favourite mare of Lord Montague's of Cawdry, Sussex" [Pick 1:22].

Since Whiteshirt Mare was grandam to Flanderkin, foaled in 1706, she was most unlikely to have been half-sister to Mother Western who had her last recorded foal in 1757. The earliest date of foaling for Mother Western, assuming she was 30 when she had her last known foal, would be 1727; and the latest date of foaling for the Whiteshirt mare, assuming she and each mare between her and Flanderkin were covered as two year olds, would be 1700. Also assuming that the Montague mare was covered at two and her first foal was the Whiteshirt mare, then Montague Mare would have been 30 when Mother Western was born. Bobinski assigns the date of 1731 to Mother Western, giving a difference of at least 34 years between her and Whiteshirt Mare.

Bobinski also suggests that "The compiler of the 5th edition of the GSB, Vol 1, probably confused a Mare by D'Arcy's Old Montagu with a mare of Lord Montague; whose name was also spelt Montagu. There can be no doubt that the WHITESHIRT MARE and Mother Western descended from distinctly separate roots, the former tracing to the breed of Lord Montague of Cowdray, and the latter to one of the D'Arcy Royal Mares" [Family Tables of Racehorses].

That the two lineages (Mother Western and Whiteshirt Mare) are indeed different was confirmed by mtDNA haplotyping and reported in 2012 (Bower et al. Archaeometry, doi:10.1111/j.1475-2012.00666.x). Unfortunately, having clarified one issue, the authors go on to add to the confusion by stating that Eclipse's maternal line descended from an "unknown Family 20 mare in Lord Montague's stable" and that "a revision of the GSB pedigree record for Eclipse is required". This sweeping conclusion ought to be criticized on both scientific and historic grounds.

The claim that Eclipse's maternal line belongs to family 20 is based upon finding the same markers in a small fragment (<5%) of the mitochondrial (mt) genome in his remains, in samples from contemporary descendants of Mother Western, and in some contemporary samples from family 20. The published (GenBank) sequences of Lippold et al. 2011 and Achilli et al. 2012 prove that haplotypes identical to that of Eclipse et al. in the short fragment used by Bower et al. segregate elsewhere in the mt genome. Additionally, published (GenBank) mtDNA sequences from the tibia and humerus of Eclipse exhibit a Type 2 transition (G>A) at nucleotide position 15469 that is not found in the published (Bower et al. 2012b) sequence for family 20 (Lineage 20, Table 2). While the possibility that this represents a damage-derived miscoding lesion cannot be ruled out it is somewhat unusual to find such at the same nucleotide position in samples from two different bones. Comparison with sequences from Mother Western's contemporary descendants could clarify the validity of this transition. Unfortunately, Bower et al. have not published any of those sequences in any form. Their conclusion about Eclipse’s maternal line is at least premature and most likely incorrect.

As historical evidence, the authors offer a pedigree published in 1840 (Whyte, History of the British Turf). Writing more than 100 years after the birth of Mother Western, Whyte offered no authority for his pedigree; it is therefore impossible to know whether he was privy to authentic information or merely confused by the two Montagu Mares. Eclipse's dam Spilletta can be traced to the Stud of the first Duke of Cumberland; her pedigree was given at the time she raced (Pond 1754) as "got by Regulus; her Dam was the Dam of Sir Robert Eaden's Mare, that won Hambleton in 1751 [Miss Western]; she was got by a Son of Snake, which was full Brother to the Williams's Squirrel, which was a famous Horse in the Year 1725, her Grandam was got by a Colt called Mountague, that was bred by Lord Darcy." Miss Western was also owned by H R H the Duke, but won her King's Plate (for 5 years old mares at Hambleton) for Sir Robert Eden; a sister was offered for sale after Sir Robert's death in 1755 [Newcastle Courant. No. 4111. 12 Jul 1755]. Two different pedigrees were given for the dam of Miss Western and Spilletta at least as late as 1785 or 1786 when Pick published his Authentic Historical Racing Calendar and was obliged to include a correction of Miss Western's pedigree in his "Errata and Additions." No claim was made in these contemporary records that would support the origin of this line in the Stud of Lord Montagu. In fact, the pedigree of Eclipse accepted by GSB continues with crosses of stallions associated with the Darcy family (Hautboy and Brimmer).

References
Achilli A, Olivieri A, Soares P, Lancioni H, Kashani BH, Perego UA, Nergadze SG, Carossa V, Santagostino M, Capomaccio S, Felicetti M, Al-Achkar W, Penedo M C, Verini-Supplize A, Houshmand M, Woodward S R, Semino, O, Silvestrelli M, Giuliotto E, Pereira L, Bandelt H J, Torroni A: Mitochondrial genomes from modern horses reveal the major haplogroups that underwent domestication. PNAS USA. 2012 Feb 14;109(7):2449-54

Bower M A, Campana M G, Nisbet R E R, Weller R, Whitten M, Edwards C J, Stock F, Barrett E, O’Connell T C, Hill E W, Wilson A M, Howe C J, Barker G, Binns M. Truth in the bones: Resolving the identity of the founding elite thoroughbred racehorses. Archaeometry. 2012[A]. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2012.00666.x

Bower M A, Whitten M, Nisbet R E R, Spencer M, Dominy K M, Murphy A M, Cassidy R, Barrett E, Hill E W, Binns M. Thoroughbred racehorse mitochondrial DNA demonstrates closer than expected links between maternal genetic history and pedigree records. J Anim Breed. Genet. 2012[B]. doi:10.1111/j.1439.0388.2012.01018.

Lippold S, Matzke NJ, Reissmann M, Hofreiter M. Whole mitochondrial genome sequencing of domestic horses reveals incorporation of extensive wild horse diversity during domestication. BMC Evol Biol. 2011, Nov 14, 11:328.

 

     

Brown Duchess (GB)
1861 Oaks Stakes

Prince Charlie (GB)
1872 Two Thousand Guineas Stakes

Shinzan (JPN)
1964 JPN Triple Crown
     

     
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