|MtDNA haplotyping results published to date for contemporary
samples from the 'trunk' of family 7 and branches 7a and 7d
indicate that all share the same haplotype. The same haplotype
was reported found in the remains of Donovan (1886, 7a).
|Today's family 7 TB's descend from Miss Slamerkin (the
majority through her daughter Duchess).
About 1785, Pick
wrote, in his Pedigrees and Performances of the most
DUCHESS, bred by Thomas Panton, Esq; of Newmarket, and sold,
when young, to William Fenwick, Esq; of Bywell.--She was got by
Lord Portmore's Whitenose, son of the Godolphin Arabian; her
dam, called Slamakin, (and was the dam of Othello alias
Black-and-all-Black, Oroonoko, and Panton's Conqueror) by
Honeywood's Young True Blue, (that won the King's plate at York
in 1724); her grandam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, and out of a
black-leg'd Royal Mare of the Duke of Newcastle's, bred by Lord
Darcy of Sedbury. In 1752, DUCHESS won the four years old 50 l
at Carlisle; the subscription-purse at Hambleton; the great
subscription of 144 l 10 s at York; and the four years old 50 l
at Morpeth. In 1753, she won the King's plate at Hambleton. At
Newmarket in April, 1754, Duchess won the King's plate for
mares, 10 st R C beating Mr Johnson's Black Nan, Lord Gower's
Lucy, and Mr Vernon's Amelia. She also won the King's plate at
Nottingham, beating Mr Warren's Camillus; the King's Plate at
York; and the King's Plate at Lincoln, beating Smuggler and
Camillus; she also won the King's Plate at Newmarket, in
October, beating, at two heats, Lord Onslow's (late Bowes's)
Cato, and two others. Duchess won this plate exceeding easy; and
it was said that Mr Fenwick refused 1400gs for her. At Newmarket
in April, 1755, Duchess won the King's plate, beating, at two
heats, Mr Vernon's (late Smith's) Skim, and Mr Warren's
Camillus. The odds were from 3 to 6 to 1 on Duchess, and after
the first heat, 50 to 1. She also walk'd over for the jockey
club plate of 100gs and afterwards started for the ladies' plate
at Huntingdon, against the Duke of Ancaster's Spectator,
allowing him 11 lb and was beat with great difficulty. Duchess
was then taken out of training, and was the dam of Chymist, Dux,
Le Sang, &c.
is believed to have started only once, winning the
Mares Plate at Newmarket, beating 6 others. Cheny 1735 described
her as "Ld Walpole's bay Miss-Slammakin, got by True-blue."
Additional information about her pedigree wasn't published until
her sons went to stud.
Advertisement for Bustard (York Courant, 14 Mar 1748-9.
Numb. 1222.) - his dam by Trueblue, his Grand Dam by the late
Earl of Oxford's Dun Arabian out of a Royal Mare bred by Lord
Darcy of Sedbury.
(2) Advertisement for Othello (Pond 1754) -
he was out of Slammerkin, which was got by True Blue, her Dam by
Lord Oxford's dun Arabian out of a Mare of the late Duke of
Newcastle's, bought of Lord Darcy of Sedbury.
Advertisement for Conqueror, full brother to Oroonoko, Bustard,
and Black and all Black, (Whitehall Evening Post, 9-12
Jun 1759. No. 2064) - his Dam by Trueblue, which Mare was the
Dam of Mr Fenwick's Duchess; his Grandam by Lord Oxford's Dun
Arabian; his Great Grandam was a Black legg'd Royal Mare, bred
by Lord Darcey of Sedbury (ctf of Thomas Panton, dated at
Newmarket 22 Apr 1758).
(4) Advertisement for Cartouch (London
Evening Post, 22-25 Mar 1755; issue 4270.) - his Dam is
that famous Mare call'd Slammerkin, she was got by the Honywood
True-blue, her Dam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, out of a Royal
mare of Lord Darcey's; Slammerkin is likewise the dam of
Bustard, Black-and-all-black, Oroonoko, now the Duke of
Marlborough's, and Mr Fenwick's Dutchess, and Grand-dam to Lord
(5) Advertisement for Oroonoko (Whitehall
Evening Post, 10-13 Jan 1761. No. 2314] - he was out of
Slamerkin, Dam of Dutchess, which was got by Trueblue, her Dam
by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, out of a Mare of the late Duke of
Newcastle's, bought of Lord Darcy of Sedbury.
Mare by the Oxford Dun Arabian (probably foaled
between 1716 & 1720)
Prior (Early Records of the
Thoroughbred Horse, 1924) published correspondence
indicating that the Oxford Dun Arabian was sent to Lord Harley
in 1715, and that the Bloody Shouldered Arabian was sent in
January 1719/1720. From 1721, the Bloody Shouldered Arabian
appears to have been the only stallion maintained at Welbeck
(Peter Edwards, The Earl of Oxford's Stud at Welbeck Abbey,
1721-1733). It is also known from his correspondence with his
steward, that Lord Harley acquired some mares that had belonged
to his late father-in-law, the Duke of Newcastle. In particular,
in a letter from Isaac Hobart to the Earl of Oxford, probably
written in April or May 1729 (British Museum, additional ms
70186, folio 103)
four mares are mentioned...
|Pedigree of the mares from whom the
Arabian and grey stone horse are out, which were got by the
Bloody Shoulder Arabian, and lately sent from Welbeck to London.
The Arabian Horse is out of the young Arabian mare, daughter to
the old Arabian mare, which was sent over to the late duke of
Newcastle by Sir Robert Sutton.
The old Arabian mare is dead.
The grey horse is out of the White foot mare, daughter of the
old Darcy mare.
These mares are both dead.
horse was foled 30 March 1723
The grey horse 10 April
The mares from whom the horses are descended were
both got by the Paget Arabian.
|Although there is, thus, evidence that Lord Harley had in
his possession both the Dun Arabian and a mare that formerly
belonged to the Duke of Newcastle (along with her dam "the old
Darcy mare") there is no definite evidence to identify the dam
of Miss Slamerkin. Possibly she was one of two 3 year old
fillies by the Dun Arabian mentioned in 1722 (their dams not
|Grandam of Miss Slamerkin (called variously
"Jessop's mare," "Darcy's Royall Mare," "Blackleggs" and
"Darcy's Young Sorrill.")
Published pedigrees of Miss
Slamerkin's sons indicate that her grandam belonged to the Duke
of Newcastle and had been bred by Lord Darcy; two identify her
as a Royal Mare, and Thomas Panton further specified that she
was the "Black legg'd Royal Mare." Records of the Duke of
Newcastle's stud were published by C M Prior (Early Records
of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1924). These records show that
the Duke "paid Mr Darcy for 3 breed Mares, vizt 2 Dark sorrill
Mares and a Grey Mare, 80 Guyneys" in 1703. He was also given a
mare by Mr Jessop for whom "Darcy's had for hir 100 [l]." The
acquisition of Darcy's Whynot Mare is not noted, but she
appeared in records beginning in 1708. Later references reveal
that in 1711 "Darcy's ould Sorrill Mare" was 21 years old,
"Darcy's Young Sorrill Mare" 11 years old, "Darcy's Whynot Mare"
9 years old, the "Layton Grey Mare" 11 years old, and "Darcy's
Royall Mare" 8 years old. Pedigree information for these mares
was included in the List of the Duchess of Newcastle's Horses,
|- Darcy's young Chesnutt Mare,
Daughter to ye Whitefoot Mare out of ye Blood of Fenwick - also
given as Sorrill Whitefoot by Hoboy & her Dam Extroynary fine
out [of] Fenwick's Breed
- Darcy's Whitefoot Mare of the
Blood of Fenwick
- Gray Latten by Shaffs Turk out of a Royall
- Whynott, Gott by a horse call'd Foster, Whynott out of
Darcy's Royall Mare
- Darcy's Young Sorrill, out of a Royall
Mare Call'd Black Leggs & Gott by Wastell's Turk, her Dam Gott
by Duke of Rutland's Black Leggs out of Darcy's oldest Royall
|It appears that the first 3 pedigrees in this list belong to
the 3 mares the Duke purchased in 1703, and that the last
pedigree is that of the mare given him by Mr Jessop, also
sometimes called "Darcy's Royall Mare" and, in a letter from the
Duke to Mr Jessop, "Blackleggs." Of the Duke of Newcastle's
"Darcy" mares, she best fits the description of the grandam of
Miss Slamerkin. In 1712 she produced a light bay filly by the
Paget Arab described as having "the of foot Behind White above
ye fetlock," which filly might well have been called
The above evidence, if interpreted
correctly, indicates that the grandam of Miss Slamerkin was
known as "Blackleggs" or the "Royal Mare" in the Duke of
Newcastle's records, and that she was sired by Wastell's Turk;
her dam a Royal Mare called Blacklegs, by the Duke of Rutland's
Blacklegs, out of Darcy's oldest [in 1712c] Royal Mare. This
mare is also mentioned in an advertisement from the
Newcastle Courant (23 Mar 1727-8. Numb. 152.)
|THIS is to give Notice, that Mr
Robert Carter of Brump[...] upon Swale, in the County of York,
has a Chesnut ston'd Horse, Six Years old, free from Blemish,
that he leaps at a Guinea a Mare: He is 14 hands three Inches
high, fine shap'd and strong, he was got by Woodcock, and out of
a Royal Mare, she got by Lord Darcy's Arabian which he bought of
Mr Curwen, her Dam got by Wastel Turk, Duchess was out of the
same Mare with this Horse Dam, her Dam got by Black-legs, which
got Crecket, her Dam got by the white Turk which got Hautboy,
her Dam was the old Royal Mare, which Lord Darcy found at
Sadberry, in 1690, so he became the Owner of this Stud; her Dam
got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all
the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago,
as Lord Darcy Witnesseth.
|Darcy's Blacklegs Royal Mare
Got by the
Duke of Rutland's Blacklegs, out of Darcy's oldest Royal Mare.
Prior identified the Rutland Blacklegs as running in 1687, and
having sired Cricket (also mentioned in the above
advertisement). Other pedigrees call him Darcy's Blacklegs,
which may indicate that Darcy later acquired Blacklegs or simply
have been an assumption by the author of the pedigree.
Darcy's oldest Royal Mare, by the Darcy White Turk
By Darcy's White Turk (sire of Hautboy). Perhaps this mare was
still living when she was so described in 1712.
Royal Mare by the Darcy Yellow Turk, "found" at Sedbury
Got by the "old Chesnut Turk" that got Leedes'
Spanker (Darcy's Yellow Turk). There is some indication that
after James Darcy the Elder died in 1673, his son James (who
became Lord Darcy in 1721) spent much of his time in London.
This, in turn, leads to the supposition that it was his brother
Christopher ("Kit") Darcy who was in charge of affairs at
Sedbury, since he is also mentioned with regard to breeding
running horses. About 1689-1690, James Darcy is said to have
taken away lead, timber and chimney pieces from Witton Castle
with the intention of building another house at Sedbury. These
activities coincide with the advertisement's curious verbiage of
Lord Darcy's finding the old Royal Mare at Sedbury in 1690.