Family 7 (mtDNA L3a1a) - Index

English Families

1 1a 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f 1g 1h 1i 1j 1k 1l 1m 1n 1o 1p 1r 1s 1t 1u 1w 1x 2 2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f 2g 2h 2i 2j 2k 2l 2m 2n 2o 2p 2r 2s 2t 2u 2w 3 3a 3b 3c 3d 3e 3f 3g 3h 3i 3j 3k 3l 3m 3n 3o 4 4a 4b 4c 4d 4e 4f 4g 4h 4i 4j 4k 4l 4m 4n 4o 4p 4r 5 5a 5b 5c 5d 5e 5f 5g 5h 5i 5j 6 6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6x 7 7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 8 8a 8b 8c 8d 8e 8f 8g 8h 8i 8j 8k 9 9a 9b 9c 9d 9e 9f 9g 9h 10 10a 10b 10c 10d 10e 11 11a 11b 11c 11d 11e 11f 12 12a 12b 12c 12d 12e 12f 12g 13 13a 13b 13c 13d 13e 14 14a 14b 14c 14d 14e 14f 15 15a 15b 15d 16 16a 16b 16c 16d 16e 16f 16g 16h 17 17a 17b 17c 17d 18 18a 19 19a 19b 19c 20 20a 20b 20c 20d 21 21a 22 22a 22b 22c 22d 23 23a 23b 24 25 26 27 27a 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74
BLACKLEGS ROYAL MARE (f Blacklegs [Rutland's]) ..... Family 7
     Oxford Dun Arabian Mare (f Oxford's Dun Arabian)
          Miss Slamerkin (b f 1729 Young True Blue)
               Duchess (b f 1748 Whitenose [Portmore's])
                   Pyrrha (b f 1771 Matchem)
                        Herod Mare [Fenwick's] (b f 1780 King Herod)
                        |     Beningbrough (b c 1791 King Fergus)
                        Young Marske Mare (b f 1786 Young Marske)
                        |     Phoenomenon Mare (b f 1796 Phoenomenon)
                        |          Pipator Mare (f Pipator)
                        |               Grandiflora (b f 1810 Sir Harry Dimsdale)
                        |                    Bessy (f 1815 Young Gouty)
                        |                         Myrrha (ch f 1831 Malek)
                        |                              Ellen Middleton (br f 1846 Bay Middleton)
                        |                                   Teterrima (bl f 1859 Voltigeur)
                        |                                        La Belle Helene (br f 1866 St. Albans)
                        |                                            HERMIONE (br f 1875 Young Melbourne) ..... 7-f
                        Beatrice (b f 1791 Sir Peter Teazle)
                             VICISSITUDE (b f 1800 Pipator) ..... 7-a
                                  Gibside Fairy (b f 1811 Hermes)
                                       Maria (b f 1827 Whisker)
                                       |     Extempore (b f 1840 Emilius)
                                       |          JEU D'ESPRIT (b f 1852 Flatcatcher) ..... 7-d
                                       |               JEU DES MOTS (b f 1861 King Tom) ..... 7-e
                                       CAROLINE (b f 1828 Whisker) ..... 7-b
                                       MAID OF LUNE (b f 1831 Whisker) ..... 7-c
Family 7
Today's family 7 TB's descend from Miss Slamerkin (the majority through her daughter Duchess).
Duchess (1748)

About 1785, Pick wrote, in his Pedigrees and Performances of the most Celebrated Race-Horses:

DUCHESS, bred by Thomas Panton, Esq; of Newmarket, and sold, when young, to William Fenwick, Esq; of Bywell.--She was got by Lord Portmore's Whitenose, son of the Godolphin Arabian; her dam, called Slamakin, (and was the dam of Othello alias Black-and-all-Black, Oroonoko, and Panton's Conqueror) by Honeywood's Young True Blue, (that won the King's plate at York in 1724); her grandam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, and out of a black-leg'd Royal Mare of the Duke of Newcastle's, bred by Lord Darcy of Sedbury. In 1752, DUCHESS won the four years old 50 l at Carlisle; the subscription-purse at Hambleton; the great subscription of 144 l 10 s at York; and the four years old 50 l at Morpeth. In 1753, she won the King's plate at Hambleton. At Newmarket in April, 1754, Duchess won the King's plate for mares, 10 st R C beating Mr Johnson's Black Nan, Lord Gower's Lucy, and Mr Vernon's Amelia. She also won the King's plate at Nottingham, beating Mr Warren's Camillus; the King's Plate at York; and the King's Plate at Lincoln, beating Smuggler and Camillus; she also won the King's Plate at Newmarket, in October, beating, at two heats, Lord Onslow's (late Bowes's) Cato, and two others. Duchess won this plate exceeding easy; and it was said that Mr Fenwick refused 1400gs for her. At Newmarket in April, 1755, Duchess won the King's plate, beating, at two heats, Mr Vernon's (late Smith's) Skim, and Mr Warren's Camillus. The odds were from 3 to 6 to 1 on Duchess, and after the first heat, 50 to 1. She also walk'd over for the jockey club plate of 100gs and afterwards started for the ladies' plate at Huntingdon, against the Duke of Ancaster's Spectator, allowing him 11 lb and was beat with great difficulty. Duchess was then taken out of training, and was the dam of Chymist, Dux, Le Sang, &c.

Miss Slamerkin (1729)

is believed to have started only once, winning the Mares Plate at Newmarket, beating 6 others. Cheny 1735 described her as "Ld Walpole's bay Miss-Slammakin, got by True-blue." Additional information about her pedigree wasn't published until her sons went to stud.

(1) Advertisement for Bustard (York Courant, 14 Mar 1748-9. Numb. 1222.) - his dam by Trueblue, his Grand Dam by the late Earl of Oxford's Dun Arabian out of a Royal Mare bred by Lord Darcy of Sedbury.
(2) Advertisement for Othello (Pond 1754) - he was out of Slammerkin, which was got by True Blue, her Dam by Lord Oxford's dun Arabian out of a Mare of the late Duke of Newcastle's, bought of Lord Darcy of Sedbury.
(3) Advertisement for Conqueror, full brother to Oroonoko, Bustard, and Black and all Black, (Whitehall Evening Post, 9-12 Jun 1759. No. 2064) - his Dam by Trueblue, which Mare was the Dam of Mr Fenwick's Duchess; his Grandam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian; his Great Grandam was a Black legg'd Royal Mare, bred by Lord Darcey of Sedbury (ctf of Thomas Panton, dated at Newmarket 22 Apr 1758).
(4) Advertisement for Cartouch (London Evening Post, 22-25 Mar 1755; issue 4270.) - his Dam is that famous Mare call'd Slammerkin, she was got by the Honywood True-blue, her Dam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, out of a Royal mare of Lord Darcey's; Slammerkin is likewise the dam of Bustard, Black-and-all-black, Oroonoko, now the Duke of Marlborough's, and Mr Fenwick's Dutchess, and Grand-dam to Lord Onslow's Victorious.
(5) Advertisement for Oroonoko (Whitehall Evening Post, 10-13 Jan 1761. No. 2314] - he was out of Slamerkin, Dam of Dutchess, which was got by Trueblue, her Dam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, out of a Mare of the late Duke of Newcastle's, bought of Lord Darcy of Sedbury.

Mare by the Oxford Dun Arabian (probably foaled between 1716 & 1720)

Prior (Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1924) published correspondence indicating that the Oxford Dun Arabian was sent to Lord Harley in 1715, and that the Bloody Shouldered Arabian was sent in January 1719/1720. From 1721, the Bloody Shouldered Arabian appears to have been the only stallion maintained at Welbeck (Peter Edwards, The Earl of Oxford's Stud at Welbeck Abbey, 1721-1733). It is also known from his correspondence with his steward, that Lord Harley acquired some mares that had belonged to his late father-in-law, the Duke of Newcastle. In particular, in a letter from Isaac Hobart to the Earl of Oxford, probably written in April or May 1729 (British Museum, additional ms 70186, folio 103) four mares are mentioned...
Pedigree of the mares from whom the Arabian and grey stone horse are out, which were got by the Bloody Shoulder Arabian, and lately sent from Welbeck to London.
The Arabian Horse is out of the young Arabian mare, daughter to the old Arabian mare, which was sent over to the late duke of Newcastle by Sir Robert Sutton.
The old Arabian mare is dead.
The grey horse is out of the White foot mare, daughter of the old Darcy mare.
These mares are both dead.
The Arabian horse was foled 30 March 1723
The grey horse 10 April following.
The mares from whom the horses are descended were both got by the Paget Arabian.
Although there is, thus, evidence that Lord Harley had in his possession both the Dun Arabian and a mare that formerly belonged to the Duke of Newcastle (along with her dam "the old Darcy mare") there is no definite evidence to identify the dam of Miss Slamerkin. Possibly she was one of two 3 year old fillies by the Dun Arabian mentioned in 1722 (their dams not identified).
Grandam of Miss Slamerkin (called variously "Jessop's mare," "Darcy's Royall Mare," "Blackleggs" and "Darcy's Young Sorrill.")

Published pedigrees of Miss Slamerkin's sons indicate that her grandam belonged to the Duke of Newcastle and had been bred by Lord Darcy; two identify her as a Royal Mare, and Thomas Panton further specified that she was the "Black legg'd Royal Mare." Records of the Duke of Newcastle's stud were published by C M Prior (Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1924). These records show that the Duke "paid Mr Darcy for 3 breed Mares, vizt 2 Dark sorrill Mares and a Grey Mare, 80 Guyneys" in 1703. He was also given a mare by Mr Jessop for whom "Darcy's had for hir 100 [l]." The acquisition of Darcy's Whynot Mare is not noted, but she appeared in records beginning in 1708. Later references reveal that in 1711 "Darcy's ould Sorrill Mare" was 21 years old, "Darcy's Young Sorrill Mare" 11 years old, "Darcy's Whynot Mare" 9 years old, the "Layton Grey Mare" 11 years old, and "Darcy's Royall Mare" 8 years old. Pedigree information for these mares was included in the List of the Duchess of Newcastle's Horses, 1712.
- Darcy's young Chesnutt Mare, Daughter to ye Whitefoot Mare out of ye Blood of Fenwick - also given as Sorrill Whitefoot by Hoboy & her Dam Extroynary fine out [of] Fenwick's Breed
- Darcy's Whitefoot Mare of the Blood of Fenwick
- Gray Latten by Shaffs Turk out of a Royall Mare
- Whynott, Gott by a horse call'd Foster, Whynott out of Darcy's Royall Mare
- Darcy's Young Sorrill, out of a Royall Mare Call'd Black Leggs & Gott by Wastell's Turk, her Dam Gott by Duke of Rutland's Black Leggs out of Darcy's oldest Royall Mare
It appears that the first 3 pedigrees in this list belong to the 3 mares the Duke purchased in 1703, and that the last pedigree is that of the mare given him by Mr Jessop, also sometimes called "Darcy's Royall Mare" and, in a letter from the Duke to Mr Jessop, "Blackleggs." Of the Duke of Newcastle's "Darcy" mares, she best fits the description of the grandam of Miss Slamerkin. In 1712 she produced a light bay filly by the Paget Arab described as having "the of foot Behind White above ye fetlock," which filly might well have been called "Whitefoot."

The above evidence, if interpreted correctly, indicates that the grandam of Miss Slamerkin was known as "Blackleggs" or the "Royal Mare" in the Duke of Newcastle's records, and that she was sired by Wastell's Turk; her dam a Royal Mare called Blacklegs, by the Duke of Rutland's Blacklegs, out of Darcy's oldest [in 1712c] Royal Mare. This mare is also mentioned in an advertisement from the Newcastle Courant (23 Mar 1727-8. Numb. 152.)
THIS is to give Notice, that Mr Robert Carter of Brump[...] upon Swale, in the County of York, has a Chesnut ston'd Horse, Six Years old, free from Blemish, that he leaps at a Guinea a Mare: He is 14 hands three Inches high, fine shap'd and strong, he was got by Woodcock, and out of a Royal Mare, she got by Lord Darcy's Arabian which he bought of Mr Curwen, her Dam got by Wastel Turk, Duchess was out of the same Mare with this Horse Dam, her Dam got by Black-legs, which got Crecket, her Dam got by the white Turk which got Hautboy, her Dam was the old Royal Mare, which Lord Darcy found at Sadberry, in 1690, so he became the Owner of this Stud; her Dam got by the old Chesnut Turk which got Leeds' Spanker, and all the best Horses of England, betwixt forty and fifty Years ago, as Lord Darcy Witnesseth.
Darcy's Blacklegs Royal Mare
Got by the Duke of Rutland's Blacklegs, out of Darcy's oldest Royal Mare. Prior identified the Rutland Blacklegs as running in 1687, and having sired Cricket (also mentioned in the above advertisement). Other pedigrees call him Darcy's Blacklegs, which may indicate that Darcy later acquired Blacklegs or simply have been an assumption by the author of the pedigree.

Darcy's oldest Royal Mare, by the Darcy White Turk
By Darcy's White Turk (sire of Hautboy). Perhaps this mare was still living when she was so described in 1712.

A Royal Mare by the Darcy Yellow Turk, "found" at Sedbury in 1690.
Got by the "old Chesnut Turk" that got Leedes' Spanker (Darcy's Yellow Turk). There is some indication that after James Darcy the Elder died in 1673, his son James (who became Lord Darcy in 1721) spent much of his time in London. This, in turn, leads to the supposition that it was his brother Christopher ("Kit") Darcy who was in charge of affairs at Sedbury, since he is also mentioned with regard to breeding running horses. About 1689-1690, James Darcy is said to have taken away lead, timber and chimney pieces from Witton Castle with the intention of building another house at Sedbury. These activities coincide with the advertisement's curious verbiage of Lord Darcy's finding the old Royal Mare at Sedbury in 1690.