Whalebone (GB)






Sire Line






Courtesy of Fores Gallery
Spaniel, by Whalebone

Brocard (GB) b f 1824 Whalebone (GB) - Varennes (GB), by Selim (GB)
Brocard, by Whalebone



Whalebone br c 1807 (Waxy - Penelope, by Trumpator). Sire Line Pot8os. Family 1-o.

Bred in Suffolk by Augustus Henry Fitzroy (1735-1811), 3rd Duke of Grafton, at Euston Hall, near Thetford, on the Suffolk/Norfolk border, Whalebone was a brother to the Derby winner Whisker (b c 1812 Waxy) and a half-brother to the One Thousand Guineas winner Whizgig (ch f 1819 Rubens). The Duke had also bred their dam, the remarkable matron Penelope (b f 1798 Trumpator). He was sold as a five year old to Mr R Ladbroke and after the latter's death, Whalebone was sold by Tattersalls in 1814 to George O'Brien Wyndham (1751-1837), 3rd Earl of Egremont, Petworth, Sussex.

"The Druid" noted that "short legs, high-bred nostrils and very prominent eyes were the principal trade-marks of the Waxy stock, and the mottled-brown Whalebone was the smallest among them. The standard could never make him more than fifteen hands and half an inch; and as he did not seem likely to become fashionable (as a sire), he was sold at seven, for 510 gs. His old Petworth groom, Dryman, says of him that 'he was the lowest and longest, and most double jointed horse, with the best legs and worst feet I ever saw in my life.' The Earl of Egremont tried to train him after he bought him, with Octavius [630 guineas], at Mr Ladbroke's sale, but he never ran after he came into the Earl's possession. When in training his chief occupation was to rear and knock his hoofs together like a pair of castanettes. His hunters were good, and mostly bays or browns, and Myrrha and Sir Hercules were the last of his racing stock."

Running for four years, mostly at Newmarket, he won thirteen races, walked-over for one and collected a forfeit six times. His most significant win came in the 1810 Derby when he beat nine others including the Two Thousand Guineas winner Hephestion (b c 1807 Alexander) and the One Thousand Guineas winner Pledge (b f 1807 Waxy). Taking the lead early, he was never caught and won easily.

Noted for his stamina rather than his speed, although possessed of a considerable turn of foot, he enjoyed great success in the stud, getting two Derby winners, Lap-Dog (b c 1823) and Spaniel (b c 1828), and an Oaks winner, Caroline (b f 1817). Through four sons, Camel (br c 1822), Defence (b c 1824), Sir Hercules (bl c 1826) and Waverley (br c 1817) he founded successful sire lines.

Camel is the tail-male ancestor of Domino (br c 1891 Himyar) and his descendant Broad Brush (b c 1983 Ack Ack), Dr. Fager (b c 1964 Rough'n Tumble) and Hyperion (ch c 1930 Gainsborough). Defence founded a successful line in France through his grandson Monarque (b c 1852 The Emperor) with Sardanapale (b c 1911 Prestige) a notable stallion in the last century. Waverley descends through Bonnie Scotland* (b c 1853 Iago) to Sweep (br c 1907 Ben Brush). By far the most influential is the line belonging to Sir Hercules which descends to the present through Stockwell (ch c 1849 The Baron) to Phalaris (br c 1913 Polymelus), to whom most living thoroughbreds trace in tail-male.

Whalebone was Champion Sire in 1826 and 1827. He is said to have broken a blood vessel after covering the mare Ogress and died the following day, February 6, 1831.

Whalebone Waxy Pot8os Eclipse
Maria King Herod
Penelope Trumpator Conductor
Prunella Highflyer
Race Record

At 3: Won the 1150 guineas Newmarket Stakes, beating Mr Vansittart's Treasurer (gr c 1807 Stamford), Lord Grosvenor's Eccleston (b c 1807 Cesario) and three others; won the Derby, for which he started as favourite, beating Lord Kinnaid's The Dandy (ch c 1807 Gohanna), Eccleston and eight others; collected a 60 guineas compromise for a 200 guineas match at Newmarket, First October, from Mr Shakespeare's Nuncio (b c 1806 Gohanna); walked-over for 375 guineas at the same meeting; lost a match at the Houghton Meeting to Treasurer; won a 200 guineas match at the same meeting, beating Major Wheatley's Sir Marinel (b c 1807 Sir Peter Teazle) over the Across the Flat Course; the following day he won a 200 guineas match, beating Mr Andrew's Thorn (b c 1803 Beningbrough); he also collected a 100 guineas compromise from Mr Shakespeare's Knave of Clubs (c Sorcerer) and 100 guineas from Lord George Cavendish's Florival (br c 1806 Shuttle).

At 4: Paid a 125 guineas forfeit to Mr Wilson's Two Thousand Guineas winner Wizard (ch c 1806 Sorcerer) at Newmarket, First Spring; collected a 60 guineas forfeit from Mr Vansittart's Gloucester (b c 1807 Cheshire Cheese) at Newmarket, Second Spring; lost a 50 guineas each sweep at Huntingdon to Lord Grosvenor's Barrosa (b f 1808 Vermin); placed 2nd in the Trial Stakes at Newmarket, first October, won by Florival; won the King's Plate at the same meeting, beating Mr Vansittart's Burleigh (ch c 1805 Stamford) and three others over the Beacon Course; collected 50 guineas from Major Wilson's Erebus (bl c 1807 Young Whiskey); lost a 200 guineas match at Newmarket, Houghton, to Mr Andrew's Discount (b c 1807 Teddy the Grinder); collected 140 guineas forfeit from Mr Shakespeare's Tumbler (b c 1805 Trumpator) at the same meeting.

At 5: lost a 150 guineas match at Newmarket, Craven, conceding nine pounds, to Major Wilson's Bolter (b c 1808 Walton); won the King's Plate at Newmarket, First Spring, beating Sir Frank Standish's Teasdale (br c 1807 Mr Teazle); lost a 300 guineas sweep at the same meeting to Lord Darlington's Trophonius (b c 1807 Beningbrough); won 50 at Newmarket in July, beating Lord Rous' Flamingo (ch c 1809 Quiz) and two others; starting for Mr Ladbroke he won the 170 guineas Northampton Gold Cup, beating Magic (ch c 1808 Sorcerer) and three others over 3.5 miles; won a 200 guineas match at Newmarket, Houghton, beating the Duke of York's Turner (b c 1810 Lignum Vitae) over the Beacon Course; won a 200 guineas match at the same meeting, beating Lord Sackville's Derby winner Pan (ch c 1805 St. George) over the Beacon Course.

At 6: won the King's Plate at Guildford, beating Captain Vyse's Bellator (b c 1806 Cheshire Cheese) and three others in two heats; won the King's Plate at Lewes, beating Whitburn [ex-Lutzen] (b c 1809 Firelock); won the Ladies' Plate at the same place, beating Lord Foley's Offa's Dyke [ex-Occator] (b c 1807 Paynator), his last race.
Notable Offspring

Addy (b f 1820), sister to Chateau Margaux, 2nd dam of Grand National winner Half Caste (br c 1853 Morgan Rattler) and 3rd dam of Doncaster Cup winner Rama (b c 1863 Lord Fauconberg).

Alea (br f 1828), 2nd dam of Ebor Handicap and Yorkshire Oaks winner Adine (b f 1849 Slane), 3rd dam of Oaks winner Tormentor (b f 1863 King Tom), 4th dam of Two Thousand Guineas and St Leger winner Petrarch (b c 1873 Lord Clifden) and Craven Stakes winner Laureate (br c 1879 Rosicrucian).

Sister to Alea (b f 1831), dam of Union-Rennen winner Lionel (b c 1848 St. Nicholas) and Union-Rennen and Henckel-Rennen winner Uriel (ch c 1850 St. Nicholas), 2nd dam of Union-Rennen and Henckel-Rennen winner Pauline (b f 1861 Paragone) and Henckel-Rennen winner Goswin (b c 1864 The Wizard).

Antiope (b f 1817), 3rd dam of Woodcote Stakes winner Miles's Boy (b c 1844 The Saddler), and ancestress of Triple Crown winner Isinglass (b c 1880 Isonomy), Preakness and Belmont winner Nashua (b c 1952 Nasrullah) and Black Corrie (bbl f 1879 Starling), the taproot mare of Family 3-o.

Baleine (b f 1825), bred by Mr Shard, 2nd dam of One Thousand Guineas winner Canezou (br f 1845 Melbourne), 3rd dam of St James's Palace Stakes winner Paletot (br c 1852 Touchstone) and Two Thousand Guineas winner Fazzoletto (b c 1853 Orlando), and 4th dam of Prix du Jockey Club and Ascot Gold Cup winner Boiard (b c 1870 Vermouth).

Baleine (gr f 1830), bred by Mr Gates, dam of the Duke of Richmond's Physalis (ro f 1841 Bay Middleton), the taproot mare of Family 8-i, 2nd dam of Grosser Preis von Baden winners Dami (br c 1868 Dollar) and Il Maestro (br c 1869 Dollar).

Brocard (b f 1824), was bred by James Walter Grimston (1775-1845), 1st Earl Of Verulam. She ran for three years with some distinction, winning at Ascot the Swinley Stakes, beating Mr Moloney's One Thousand Guineas winner Zoe(b f 1824 Orville), and the Wokingham Stakes. Thomas Henry Taunton described her: "Brocard, like Ely in more recent times, was distinguished by the epithet of 'beautiful': she was a prodigious favourite with the public, and was as good as she looked; but it was her lot to live in the days of many first-rate horses, and, though she could not always beat the best of them, she could always run close up to those who could." In the stud she became the 2 dam of the King Edward VII Stakes winner Musician (b c 1847 Lanercost), and 4 dam of the Cambridgeshire and Cesarewitch winner Rosebery (b c 1872 Speculum) and also of Grand Duchess (b f 1871 Lozenge), the taproot mare of Family 22-d.

Caroline (b f 1817), won the July Stakes, Oaks Stakes, King's Plate and placed 2nd in the One Thousand Guineas Stakes.

Cetus (b c.1827), won Criterion Stakes, Ascot Gold Cup, sent to Virginia.

Chateau Margaux (br c 1822), bred by Lord Egremont, won the Claret Stakes, Ascot Cup, Brighton Gold Cup, Jockey Club Plate twice, three King's Plates and placed 2nd in the Two Thousand Guineas Stakes. Described as an honest horse, he got the taproot mare of Family 2-e in England before export to Virginia.

Defence (b c 1824), half-brother to the Derby winner Dangerous (ch c 1830 Tramp), he sired the Oaks winner Deception (b f 1836). He was the damsire of the Derby winners Andover (b c 1851 Bay Middleton), Caractacus (b c 1859 Kingston) and Pyrrhus the First (ch c 1843 Epirus), as well as the Oaks winner Miami (b f 1844 Venison). Miami was also the taproot mare of Family 5-j. Defence was the grandsire of Monarque (b c 1852 The Emperor), winner of the Prix du Jockey Club and Poule d'Essai des Poulains, who founded a durable sire line in France.

Fanchon (b f 1827), won a Sweepstakes, dam of the One Thousand Guineas winner Cara (b f 1836 Belshazzar). Cara was the dam of the Manchester Cup winner Paquetta (bl f 1848 The Provost).

Goldpin (b f 1826), 2nd dam of Gimcrack Stakes winner Trousseau (b f 1849 Gameboy) and 3rd dam of Stewards' Cup winner Fichu (b c 1866 Ivan).

Gretna Green (b f 1829), 3rd dam of Prix de Diane winners Doloritha (b f 1858 Paragone) and Sinope (b f 1854 Paragone).

Gulistan (b f 1831), dam of the Henckel-Rennen winner Die Jugend (b f 1842 Amesbury).

Lap-Dog (b c 1823), won the Scrub Stakes, Derby Stakes.

Mermaid (bl f 1829), dam of Union-Rennen winner The Black Prince (bl c 1847 Satirist) and grandam of Union-Rennen winner Dolores (gr f 1843 Grey Momus), Henckel-Rennen winners Seal (b c 1849 Grey Momus) and Shark (b c 1856 Blackdrop).

Myrrha (b f 1830), 2nd dam of Queen Mary (b f 1843 Gladiator), the taproot mare of Family 10-a.

Naiad (b f 1828), dam of Prix du Jockey Club winner Vendredi (b c 1835 Cain), Prix de Diane winner Nativa (b f 1840 Royal Oak) and Prix de Diane winner Dorade (b f 1843 Royal Oak). Nativa was the dam of Poule d'Essai des Poulains winners Nancy (b f 1851 Master Wags) and Nat (b c 1853 Master Wags).

Rachel (b f 1823), won the Oatlands Stakes, dam of the stallion Hampton (ch c 1833 Sultan).

Spaniel (b c 1828) won the Shirley Stakes, Derby Stakes.

Stays (b f 1821), bred by Lord Egremont, 2nd dam of the Henckel-Rennen winner Alexander (b c 1839 Plenipotentiary).

Stays (b f 1831), 2nd dam of Manchester Cup winner Sylvan (b c 1845 The Saddler), of Criterion Stakes winner Mountain Deer (b c 1848 Touchstone), of Champagne Stakes winner Champagne (br c 1852 Touchstone), of Cesarewitch winner Vengeance (b c 1852 Chanticleer), and of Magyar St Leger winner Gauntlet (b c 1871 Challenge).

Stumps (gr c 1822), won the Goodwood Stakes, Goodwood Cup, Brighton Stakes and two King's Plates.

Twatty (b f 1819), 3rd dam of Tim Whiffler (br c 1859 Van Galen), winner of the Chester Cup, Doncaster Cup, Ascot Gold Vase and the Goodwood Cup.

Whalebone Mare (f c1825), 2nd dam of Chester Cup winner Peep-O-Day Boy (ch c 1844 Harkaway).
Waverley (GB)

br c 1817 (Whalebone - Margaretta, by Sir Peter Teazle). Sire Line Pot8os. Family 2-a. Owned first by Mr Kneller, then by Mr Lambton, he raced mainly in Yorkshire. In 1820 he finished 2nd for a 50gs each sweepstakes at Maddington to Mr Rush's Truffle filly. Running for Mr Lambton he won the 10gs each Old Stakes at Durham in August. He was then among the field for the 100gs Gold Cup at Richmond in October, won by Mr Riddell's Doctor Syntax (br c 1811 Paynator) but won the 60gs Silver Cup at the same meeting. In 1821 he finished 2nd for a 25gs each subscription at York in August, won by Mr Gascoigne's Cora (b f 1817 Waxy), beating 4 others. Running for Mr Petre he then finished 2nd for the 100gs Gold Cup at Pontrefact in September, won by Sir E S Dodsworth's St Patrick (ch c 1817 Walton). Running for Mr Lambton he won a 50gs each sweepstakes at Doncaster in September, beating Sir W Maxwell's Monreith (ch c 1817 Haphazard). He again won the Silver Cup at Richmond in October. In 1822 he finished 3rd for the 100gs Gold Cup at York in May, won by Mr J Ferguson's Jonathan (gr c 1818 Octavian), beating 2 others. He next won the 100gs Gold Cup at Newcastle in July, beating 2 others and a Gold Cup at Pontrefact in September, beating 6 others. He broke down whilst running 3rd for the Gold Cup at Doncaster in September, won by Mr Dilly's Euphrates (ch g 1816 Quiz). In the stud he got several good stallion sons, including the St Leger winner Don John (b c 1835) who got the Oaks winner Lady Evelyn (b f 1846), the taproot mare of Family 2-g, as well as Maid of Masham (gr f 1845) the taproot mare of Family 9-e. Don John's son Iago (b c 1843) was the sire of Bonnie Scotland* (b c 1853), a Leading Sire in America. Waverley also sired the Doncaster Cup winner The Saddler (br c 1828) who got the One Thousand Guineas winner Sorella (ch f 1841).

Camel (GB) br c 1822 (Whalebone - Mare, by Selim).Sire Line Pot8os. Family 24.
Sir Hercules (GB) bl c 1826 (Whalebone - Peri, by Wanderer). Sire Line Pot8os. Family 2-t.