Bay Bolton (GB)

Bay Bolton



Bolton Hall



Sire Line

Darcy's White Turk



Camilla, by Bay Bolton



Courtesy of Country Life
Whitefoot, by Bay Bolton



Bay Bolton br c 1705 (Grey Hautboy - Mare by Makeless). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 37.

Bred in Yorkshire by Sir Mathew Pearson (1651-1712) at Lowthorpe, near Bridlington, he was first named Brown Lusty. He was later sold to Charles Paulet (1661-1722), 2nd Duke of Bolton, who called him Bay Bolton. Pick describes him as "eminent both for his figure and running, and likewise as an excellent stallion".

His stud career was a great success. He sired the Champion Sire Bolton Starling (gr c 1727). His son Fearnought was considered to be one of the best runners at Newmarket in his day. His daughter Gipsey (f 1725) became the second dam of Old Snap (br c 1750), a Champion Sire four times. His most important offspring was probably Bonny Lass (b f 1723), the taproot mare of Family 1-a.

His influence was also felt in America. Through Bolton Starling he founded a sire line that would culminate with the American-bred Bay Yankee (b c 1798). His son Bolton Looby (br c 1723) sired Tryal* (ch c 1742), whose daughters became the foundation matriarchs of American Families A13 and A18; and Bolton Sloven (br c 1718) sired Beau* (ch c 1731), a horse much liked by colonial American breeders.

During his stud career Bay Bolton was a Champion Sire seven times between 1724 and 1734. He died at Bolton Hall, Bedale, Yorkshire, in 1736. He is said to have been buried "with his shoes on at the top of the avenue opposite the Hall, at Bolton, between the large stone pillars, on Middleham High Moor".
Bay Bolton Grey Hautboy Hautboy Darcy's White Turk
Royal Mare
Makeless Mare Makeless Oglethorpe Arabian
Brimmer Mare Brimmer
Diamond Mare
Race Record

At five, racing for Sir Matthew Pierson he won Queen Anne's Gold Cup at York in his first start. The Turf Register makes note of his extraordinary victory over eight six-year olds, given the quality of the field [Pick 1:4]. He followed that with a victory in the Great Subscription Purse at Middleham Moor and a prize at Quainton Meadow. Running for the Duke of Bolton at Newmarket, Bay Bolton won a match against Old Wyndham (gr c Hautboy), owned by the Duke of Somerset. In his next match he defeated Sir M Pierson's Merlin. He is also said to have won two matches against Tregonwell Frampton's Dragon.
Camilla (GB)
ch f 1722 (Bay Bolton - Old Lady, by Pulleine's Chesnut Arabian). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 24. Bred by Charles Powlett (1685-1754), the 3rd Duke of Bolton, Camilla attained considerable distinction on the turf. She ran for four years at Newmarket. In 1729 she defeated Lord Halifax's Favourite in a match for 200 guineas, collected a forfeit from the Duke of Devonshire's black colt and lost a 300 guineas match to Lord Milsintown's Bald Charlotte. In 1727 she collected a forfeit from Captain Collyer's Yellow Richmond and defeated Mr Collyer's Peggy-Grieves-Me in a match for 500 guineas. In 1728 she lost a 300 guineas match to Mr Panton's Osmyn, but later the same month redeemed herself and beat Osmyn for a 300 guineas match. She also won a 200 guineas match against Lord Essex's Smiling Ball. In 1729 she defeated the Duke of Somerset's (Pretty) Peggy to record a victory in a match worth 300 guineas. She is the ancestress of most of Family 24.
Brother to Fearnought (GB)
c 1726c (Bay Bolton - Mare, by Lexington Arabian). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 1. Bred by the 3rd Duke of Bolton, he was sometimes called Herbert's Horse [GSB 1:116]. He sired the unnamed Fearnought Mare (gr f) who became the dam of Beaufremont (b c 1758 Tartar) and Hutton's Cade Mare, the ancestress of most of Family 25.
Whitefoot (GB)
br c 1719 (Bay Bolton - Mare, by Darley's Arabian). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 1. Bred by Sir William Ramsden (1672-1736), 2nd bt, he was a full brother to the legendary Bonny Lass. Purchased by Lord Godolphin he ran for five years, exclusively in matches at Newmarket, and won all of them. Over the course of his career he defeated Captain Colyear's Bay Wilkinson (b c 1717 Snake) (twice), Mr Honywood's Young True Blue (gr c 1718 Honywood's Arabian), Mr Panton's Osmyn (bl c 1721 Greyhound) and the Duke of Somerset's Cinnamon (ch c 1722 Wyndham), winning a total of over 1000 guineas. He also collected forfeit twice. In the Godolphin Stud he was used extensively prior to the arrival of the Godolphin Arabian. Among his offspring were (1) Sister to Bandy (b f 1731), ancestress of the Duke of Bedford's Oaks winner Hippolyta (ch f 1787 Mercury) and Lord Rockingham's Doncaster Cup winner Phocion (b c 1770 Sampson), (2) Hackney's Dam, the 2nd dam of Lord Rockingham's Doncaster Cup winner Tantrum (b c 1760 Cripple), (3) Whitefoot Mare (b f 1737), dam of Jenny Dismal (b f 1752c Dismal) who founded a small but influential family in the Baylor stud in Virginia, (4) Lord Leigh's Diana (br f 1740) ancestress of Lord Grosvenor's Oaks winner Bellina (ch f 1796 Rockingham) and Mr Wilson's July Cup winner Pantaloon (b c 1803 Buzzard), and (5) Lord Leigh's Charming Molly (br f 1742), ancestress of Lord Grosvenor's Derby winner John Bull (ch c 1789 Fortitude). When he was around the age of twenty Whitefoot was sold to John Hodgson of Longcoom, near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, where he covered for a fee of two guineas.
(Whitefoot has been restored here as the sire of Lord Leigh’s Diana and Charming Molly. The General Stud Book, purporting to correct an error in Cheny’s calendars, changed their sire to Second based on “a certificate under the hand of the Breeder”. A letter to Lord Rockingham from this breeder, Gabriel Hanger, reveals that Mr. Hanger had bred six fillies from his Stanyan Arabian Mare (WWM/R/193/21). Two of them were indeed by Second, indicating that Mr. Weatherby had seen an authentic certificate, but neither of these fillies was Lord Leigh’s. The particular fillies sold to Lord Leigh were daughters of Whitefoot, just as Cheny had originally reported).
Sloven (GB)
br c 1719 (Bay Bolton - Sister 2 to Mixbury, by Curwen's Bay Barb). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 9. He was bred in Yorkshire by Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton. According to the General Stud Book "Partner and Sloven were the same age, and Partner twice beat Sloven when they were matched" [GSB 1:8]. However, according to the Turf Register Partner (1718) beat Sloven "allowing him 10l for the year" [Pick 1:14]. Baily's Racing Register notes that Sloven first ran as a five year old in 1724. In May of 1724 he lost a match at Newmarket to Croft's Partner (ch c 1718 Jigg) and in May of 1726 he lost another match to Partner. In April of 1729 he won a 500 guineas match at Newmarket against Mr Panton's Thunderbolt over four miles. He also won the Annual Prize at Farndon and 20 guineas at Oswestry. In the stud he got Young Coquette, who contributed to Family 44, along with the good stallion Beau* (ch c 1731).

Beau (GB)*  
ch c 1731 (Bolton Sloven - Old Coquette, by Basto). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 44. According to the American Stud Book the imported horse called Beau was a grey colt by Cartouch who ran in Ireland in 1754 [AmSB 1:6]. This was based on Edgar's pedigree for for Lord Portmore's Beau (gr c 1744 Old Cartouch) who ran and apparently later died in Ireland. However, the imported Beau appears to have had offspring in America prior to 1754. Fairfax Harrison speculates that he belonged to both Lord Halifax and the Duke of Bolton in England and Secretary John Carter (1696-1742) in Virginia, although this seems to be a confusion based on a racing calendar which states that the "Duke of Bolton's Ches Colt, got by Sloven, 'gainst Earl of Hallifax's Bay Colt, out of a Daughter of Young Childers and Partner" [Cheny:1735]. As far as can be ascertained the Duke of Bolton's Beau collected a forfeit from Lord Halifax's bay colt at Newmarket in 1736, paid a forfeit to Mr Panton's Cato, and won a King's Plate at Canterbury in 1737. He was advertised to cover in Ireland in 1740 and 1741 at Mr Samuel Gerrard's at Gibstown, near Navan in County Meath for 1 guinea. He was said to have been bred by the Duke of Bolton and his pedigree was given as "by Sloven and out of the Coquete Mare [Dublin Journal, 1740 & 1741]. We speculate that the Coquete Mare was the Duke of Bolton's Old Coquette by Basto and that if this is the Beau in question he would have been exported to Virginia following his tenure in Ireland, perhaps after the 1741 season. In America, and sometimes called "Bow," he sired the 3rd and 4th dams of Brandon, dam of Meade's Celer (c 1776 Janus) and Clodius (b c 1778 Janus). The "double bow" cross was highly regarded at the time.
Fearnought (GB) br c 1725 (Bay Bolton - Mare, by Lexington Arabian). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 1.
Looby (GB) br c 1728 (Bay Bolton - Golden Locks, by Bristol Grasshopper). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 30.
Starling (GB) gr c 1727 (Bay Bolton - Mare, by Brownlow Turk Colt). Sire Line Darcy's White Turk. Family 24.