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Cyllene (GB)
 
 

Cyllene









Sir Charles Day Rose





Sire Line


Bend Or






Sire


Bona Vista








Derby winners


Cicero, by Cyllene


Lemberg, by Cyllene


Minoru, by Cyllene


Tagalie, by Cyllene







Bellavista, by Cyllene


Bridge of Earn, by Cyllene


Cylgad, by Cyllene


Maid of the Mist, by Cyllene







Cyllene ch c 1895 (Bona Vista - Arcadia, by Isonomy). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 9-e.

Cyllene was bred in the stud of Charles Day Rose, (1847-1913), later 1st Bt Rose of Hardwick House, at Whitchurch, Oxfordshire. A retired financier Sir Charles later represented the Newmarket division of Cambridgeshire in the House of Commons. In 1890 he personally provided 3,000 to the Jockey Club in order to promote long distance racing. He was a racing compatriot of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and was elected to the Jockey Club in 1890. One of Rose's best horses was Ravensbury (b c 1890 Isonomy) who finished second for the Two Thousand Guineas, Derby and St Leger to another Isonomy colt, Major McCalmont's indomitable Isinglass (br c 1890).

Rose acquired Distant Shore (ch f 1880 Hermit) at the Hampton Court sale in in 1881 and from her got a number of good horses including two Hardwicke Stakes winners, St Damien (br c 1889 St Simon) and Gulliver (b c 1886 Galliard). St Damien had an unlucky Derby start and when he broke down shortly afterwards he was sold to France where he turned out a great success in the stud. Distant Shore was a minor winner herself and produced another in her daughter Arcadia (ch f 1887 Isonomy), the dam of Cyllene.

Cyllene, said to be named for a mountain in southern Greece, was thought a small foal and grew into a small yearling. That, along with the knowledge that Arcadia's first two foals had done little on the turf, persuaded Mr Rose not to enter Cyllene for any of the classic races. Of course Cyllene, adhering to his own schedule, later became a "fine, handsome horse, with exquisite quality and an angelic temperment" and easily defeated the Derby winner Jeddah (ch c 1895 Janissary) when they met in the Newmarket Stakes.

Trained at Newmarket by William Arthur Jarvis, Cyllene ran for three years and won nine of his eleven starts including the Ascot Gold Cup.

He retired to his owner's stud in 1900 and first covered for a fee of 150 guineas. His stock did not sell well and he proved sufficiently unpopular that his fee was reduced to 100 guineas in 1905, the year his first Derby winner, Cicero, won. He was sold to Sir William Arthur Hamar Bass (1879-1952), 2nd Bt, sometime owner of the splendid Sceptre (b f 1899 Persimmon), for 30,000 the same year. Cyllene was sold again in 1908 for 25,000 to the Haras Ojo de Agua and set sail for Argentina with Polar Star (ch c 1904 Pioneer).

Cyllene got four Derby winners in England and was Champion Sire in 1910 and 1911 and Champion Broodmare Sire in in 1921. Almost as successful in Argentina he got three Gran Premio Nacional winners and was Champion Sire in 1913. His Gran Premio Nacional winners were Saint Emilion (b c 1913), Gaulois (ch c 1917) and Pulgarin (ch c 1918). He also got a Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini winner in Energica (b f 1910).

Cyllene died at Ojo de Agua in 1925.
 
Pedigree
Cyllene Bona Vista Bend Or Doncaster
Rouge Rose
Vista Macaroni
Verdure
Arcadia Isonomy Sterling
Isola Bella
Distant Shore Hermit
Land's End
Race Record
 
In 1897 Cyllene won the Sefton Park Plate at Liverpool by three lengths from Common Dance (ch f 1895 Common), the Worth Stakes at Gatwick from the Swillington filly, Wylam, the Triennial Stakes at Ascot by three lengths from the future One Thousand Guineas winner Nun Nicer (b f 1895 Common), and the National Breeders' Produce Stakes at Sandown Park from Ebba (b f 1895 Hampton). He finished 2nd to Dieudonne (ch c 1895 Amphion) for the Imperial Produce Stakes at Kempton Park, conceding ten pounds and carrying one hundred and thirty-six pounds himself.
 
In 1898 he finished third for the Column Produce Stakes to a Sejanus filly; this would be his last loss. He went on to win the Newmarket Stakes from Heir Male (c 1895 Ayrshire), in the process beating Jeddah (ch c 1895 Janissary) the future Derby winner. In his next start, the Jockey Club Stakes at Newmarket, he won by four lengths from the Eclipse Stakes winner Velasquez (b c 1894 Donovan) and Chelandry (b f 1894 Goldfinch). He also won the Sandown Foal Stakes from Pie Powder (b f 1895 Morglay), carrying one hundred and forty pounds, in a canter by four lengths.
 
In 1899 he won the Triennial Stakes at Ascot by two lengths from Greenan (b c 1895 St Simon), said to be a preliminary gallop for the Ascot Gold Cup which followed two days later. The two and half mile Ascot Gold Cup presented no problems. He won by eight lengths from Lord Edward (ch c 1896 Enthusiast) and Gardefeu (b c 1895 Cambyse), the latter the winner of the Prix du Jockey Club and other good races in France.
 
Notable Offspring
 
Bellavista (GB)
b f 1904 (Cyllene - Emotion, by Nunthorpe). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 22-c. A winner of the Windsor Castle Stakes she later foaled Lord Woolavington's Derby and St James's Palace Stakes winner Captain Cuttle (ch c 1919 Hurry On) and the St James's Palace Stakes winner Tom Pinch (b c 1921 Hurry On).
Bridge of Earn (GB)
b c 1906 (Cyllene - Santa Brigida, by St Simon). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 8-g. He was said to stand 16 hands and have "perfect conformation" along with a flawless disposition. He won two of ten starts at three, including the Newbury Autumn Cup, beating Roi Herode (gr c 1904 Le Samaritain). Owned by D R Browning and Major Frank H Wise he was later a stallion of some repute and covered at the Knockany Stud in Kilmallock, Ireland.
Captivation (GB) b c 1902 (Cyllene - Charm, by St Simon). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 2-e. Owned by T Lindsay, he ran only once, as a two year old in the Imperial Plate at Kempton Park, without success. He covered in Ireland at Captain Tuthill's stud, at Moyglare, getting the Irish St Leger winner Kircubbin (b c 1918), the latter sent France where he led the sires list in 1930 and got the Prix du Jockey Club winner Chateau Bouscaut (b c 1927). Another notable offspring was Captive Princess (b f 1913), owned by W A Wallis and winner of the Irish Oaks and Irish St Leger. Captivation was a Champion Sire in Ireland.
Cicero (GB)
ch c 1902 (Cyllene - Gas, by Ayrshire). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 1-l. Bred at Mentmore and owned by Archibald Philip Primrose (1847-1929), 5th Earl of Rosebery, he won eight of his ten starts including the Derby Stakes. He stood a fraction under 16 hands and was described as a "smallish chesnut of exquisite quality". He covered at The Durdans, near Epsom for a fee of 200 guineas. A popular stallion he got, among others, (1) the Middle Park Stakes winner Friar Marcus (b c 1912), later the damsire of the triple crown winner Bahram (b c 1932 Blandford) and (2) Valais (ch c 1913), a Champion Sire in Australia. Cicero died in 1923.
Cylgad (GB)
b c 1909 (Cyllene - Gadfly, by Hampton). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 22-d. Owned by Sir Ernest Cassel (1852-1921), he won the Kempton Park Breeders' Foal Plate, the Newmarket Biennial Stakes and the Newmarket Stakes by two lengths, defeating the Derby winner Tagalie (gr f 1909 Cyllene) in the latter. He also won the Gimcrack Stakes at York but was disqualified. He broke down before the Derby Stakes and was retired to his owner's Moulton Paddocks at Newmarket where he covered for a fee of 98 sovereigns.
Lemberg (GB)
b c 1907 (Cyllene - Galaicia, by Galopin). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 10-a. Bred and owned by silver magnate Alfred W Cox (1857-1919) Lemberg won sixteen and a half of his twenty-four starts, including the Derby Stakes, the St James's Palace Stakes and the Champion Stakes (twice). In the stud he sired Ellangowan (b c 1920) who won the Two Thousand Guineas Stakes, Pogrom (b f 1919) who won the Oaks Stakes, and Taj Mah (gr f 1926) who won the One Thousand Guineas Stakes. Lemberg was Champion Sire in 1922.
Maid of the Mist (GB)
b f 1906 (Cyllene - Sceptre, by Persimmon). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 16-h. With Hamoaze at her side, Maid of the Mist was purchased at a sale for 4,500 guineas by Waldorf Astor (1879-1952), 2nd Viscount Astor, whose Cliveden Stud made him a Leading Owner in 1925 and 1936. Having won the Nassau Stakes Maid of the Mist went on to produce the Oaks winner Sunny Jane (ch f 1914 Sunstar) and the Two Thousand Guineas winner Craig an Eran (b c 1918 Sunstar). Her daughter Hamoaze (b f 1911 Torpoint) produced two stallions, Buchan (b c 1916 Sunstar) and St Germans (b c 1921 Swynford). Recent descendants of Maid of the Mist include the One Thousand Guineas winner One in a Million (b f 1976 Rarity) and the St Leger Winner Commanche Run (b c 1981 Run the Gantlet).
Minoru (GB)
br c 1906 (Cyllene - Mother Siegel, by Friar's Balsam). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 5-c. Bred by William Hall-Walker (1856-1933), 1st Baron Wavertree, and leased for his turf career to King Edward VII, he won the Two Thousand Guineas Stakes, the Derby Stakes, the St James' Palace Stakes and the Sussex Stakes. Said to be somewhat fine of bone but to possess "that particular quality an experienced trainer values so highly" he was trained by Richard Marsh. In the stud he got Serenissima (b f 1913), she the grandam of the immortal Hyperion (ch c 1930 Gainsborough), winner of the Derby and St Leger Stakes. Minoru was sold to Russia and disappeared.
Mistrella (GB)
b f 1907 (Cyllene - Ark Royal, by Royal Hampton). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 1-l. A winner of the Fitzwilliam Stakes and the Brandling Handicap, she is the ancestress of numerous good runners including the Oaks winner Light Brocade (br f 1931 Galloper Light), the Ascot Gold Cup winners Trimdon (b c 1926 Son-in-Law) and Foxhunter (ch c 1929 Foxlaw) as well as the more recent stallion El Prado (gr c 1989 Sadler's Wells).
Silent Lady (GB)
b f 1905 (Cyllene - Miss Gunning, by Carbine). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 3-e. A winner of the Great Northern Leger, the Great Foal Stakes and the Knowsley Dinner Stakes (tie), her main contribution came in the stud. She bred the Ascot Gold Vase winner Sylonyx (ch c 1916 Willonyx) and is the ancestress of such horses as Palestine (gr c 1947 Fair Trial) and Umidwar (b c 1931 Blandford).
Tagalie (GB)
gr f 1909 (Cyllene - Tagale, by Le Sancy). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 20-d. Bred and owned by financier Walter Raphael (1862-1938) she was the only grey filly to win the Derby Stakes, which she did at the expense of Jaeger (b c 1909 Eager) and Tracery (br c 1909 Rock Sand), who would go on to win the St Leger Stakes. Said to be "rather on the small side and noticeably back at the knee" she also won the One Thousand Guineas Stakes, on the lead from start to finish, beating Alope (ch f 1909 Gallinule). Her son Allenby (b c 1917 Bayardo) won the St James's Palace Stakes and a descendant, Tierno (b c 1959 The Yuvaraj), won the Gran Premio Carlos Pellegrini, the premier race in Argentina.
   
   
Polymelus (GB) b c 1902 (Cyllene - Maid Marian, by Hampton). Sire Line Bend Or. Family 3-f.
   
   
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