|Citizen* b c 1785 (Pacolet
- Princess, by Turk). Sire Line
Arabian. Family 17.
Mr Gorwood of Yorkshire, and racing first for Mr Gorwood and then for Mr J Clifton of
Lancashire, he is said to have won nineteen races in England, of which fourteen were
4-mile races. He defeated the best horses of his day, including Abba
Thule (b c 1786) and Rosalind (ch f 1788), later the dam of Hyacinthus
(ch c 1797) and Whitelock (b c 1803
Hambletonian), and taproot of
Described as standing 15 hands 1
inch and of great grandeur he was said to be perfectly sound with
remarkably good action. William Williams, ("Panton" of the American
Turf Register), said of Citizen* that he "had more accurate
proportions and higher finish - a more game, Arabian look and carriage
than any native or imported that I ever had the pleasure to look
From 1796 to 1802 he stood at
Charles Smith's Rochdale stud near Manchester and later at George Wall's
Bartonfield stud near Longford, in Derbyshire, where in 1797 he was
rated the equal of Hambletonian (b c 1792
King Fergus)as a sire.
Imported into North Carolina by
General Stephen Wright Carney of Halifax County, he landed at
Portsmouth, Virginia, in the ship Gosport in 1803, then 18 years old. He
stood first at General Carney's stud, moving to Virginia in 1807.
He made an enormous contribution
to American bloodstock breeding and was said to have covered over 500
mares in 6 years. His best son was Jackson's Pacolet (gr c 1808), whose
daughters were often bred to Stockholder (b c 1819
Archy). Stockholder himself was produced by a daughter of Citizen*,
and Stockholder's sister Rarity (br f 1815) had a distinguished career
on the Virginia turf. The very popular Pacolet - Stockholder nick
provided 3x3 inbreeding to Citizen*.
His daughters were invaluable. An
unnamed daughter, owned by Colonel William Ransom Johnson, foaled Sir
Archy's best son Sir Charles (ch c 1816) who led the sires' list 5
times. Sir Charles's sister Janette (ch f 1822) winner of many 4-mile
races for the John C Stevens' stable of New York, was considered a mare
of the highest class.
Ella Crump (br f) produced the
matriarch Maria West (b f 1827 Marion), the dam of Wagner (ch c 1834
Sir Charles). Wagner, an infuential sire, was inbred 2x3 to
Archy and 3x3x4 to Citizen*.
Another unnamed daughter was the
dam of Marion (b c 1820) who sired Maria West (b f 1827), she being
thus inbred to Citizen* 2x3, and it is worth noting that the whole of
Family 1 descends from her.
A daughter called The Citizen Mare
was the taproot of American Family 30, and yet another was the taproot
mare of American Family 32.
Citizen* died at about the age of
25 and was buried at Oaklands, later the home of Colonel William Ransom
|In 1789 running for Mr Gorwood he won £50 at Chesterfield. Won £50 at
Leicester, beating Mr Finch's Vision, Sir T Cave's Scugg and Mr Throsby's Tenderling. The next day he won
another £50 at the same place.
|In 1790 he finished 2nd in the £50 Gold Cup at
Chester to Mr Garforth's Tamerlane, beating Mr Legh's
Harlot. Won £50 at Manchester, beating Mr Dodsworth's Abbe Thule, Mr
Wentworth's Spangle and Mr Clifton's Attraction. Won
£50 at Newcastle-under-Lyme, beating Lord Grosvenor's
Amelia. Won £50 at Bromsgrove. Finished 3rd in the Royal
Plate at Lichfield, won by Mr Hammond's Minos. Won £50
at the same place. Won £50 at Shrewsbury, beating Mr
Collins's Evergreen, Mr Clifton's Labourer, Mr Postan's Doubtful, Sir J
Leicester's Julie and Mr Heyrick's Brown Charlotte. Won
£50 at Ludlow, beating Mr Lade's Highflyer colt. Finished 2nd for £50 at
Northallerton to Mr Wetherell's Windlestone.
|In 1791 he
finished 3rd in the £50 Gold Cup at Chester to Mr
Fowler's Windlestone and Mr P Chichester's Sulky,
beating Mr Hulton's Evergreen, Lord Stamford's Florizel
colt and Mr Forshaw's Labourer. Running for Mr Clifton
he finished 2nd for £50 at Preston to Mr Dodsworth's
|In 1792 he won £50 at Manchester, beating Mr Homfray's
Young Cicero and Capt Legh's Harlot. Won £50 at Knutsford. Won £50
at Chesterfield. Won a 500gs match at Doncaster from
Lord Belfast's Magnolia.
|In 1793 won a 20gs each sweepstakes at Manchester,
beating Mr Garforth's Rosalind, Mr Hulton's Cavendish, Mr
Chichester's Mendoza, Sir H Goodricke's Microscope,
Lord Derby's Bustard and Mr J Broome's Mayfly. Finished
2nd in the 100gs Subscription Cup at Oxford to Lord
Sackville's Spider, beating Mr Turnor's Hamlet who
broke down. Won £50 at the same place. Finished 2nd for
£50 at Warwick to Lord Donegall's Gilliflower.
|In 1794 he won a
20gs each sweepstakes at Manchester, beating Lord
Stamford's Weasel colt who was "thrown down by a dog".