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Citizen (GB)
 
 


Citizen

 

 

 

Sire Line


Godolphin Arabian

 

 

 

Citizen* b c 1785 (Pacolet - Princess, by Turk). Sire Line Godolphin Arabian. Family 17.

Bred by Mr Gorwood of Yorkshire, and racing first for Mr Gorwood and then for Mr J Clifton of Lancashire, he is said to have won nineteen races in England, of which fourteen were 4-mile races. He defeated the best horses of his day, including Abba Thule (b c 1786) and Rosalind (ch f 1788), later the dam of Hyacinthus (ch c 1797) and Whitelock (b c 1803 Hambletonian), and taproot of Family 2-l.

Described as standing 15 hands 1 inch and of great grandeur he was said to be perfectly sound with remarkably good action. William Williams, ("Panton" of the American Turf Register), said of Citizen* that he "had more accurate proportions and higher finish - a more game, Arabian look and carriage than any native or imported that I ever had the pleasure to look upon."

From 1796 to 1802 he stood at Charles Smith's Rochdale stud near Manchester and later at George Wall's Bartonfield stud near Longford, in Derbyshire, where in 1797 he was rated the equal of Hambletonian (b c 1792 King Fergus)as a sire.

Imported into North Carolina by General Stephen Wright Carney of Halifax County, he landed at Portsmouth, Virginia, in the ship Gosport in 1803, then 18 years old. He stood first at General Carney's stud, moving to Virginia in 1807.

He made an enormous contribution to American bloodstock breeding and was said to have covered over 500 mares in 6 years. His best son was Jackson's Pacolet (gr c 1808), whose daughters were often bred to Stockholder (b c 1819 Sir Archy). Stockholder himself was produced by a daughter of Citizen*, and Stockholder's sister Rarity (br f 1815) had a distinguished career on the Virginia turf. The very popular Pacolet - Stockholder nick provided 3x3 inbreeding to Citizen*.

His daughters were invaluable. An unnamed daughter, owned by Colonel William Ransom Johnson, foaled Sir Archy's best son Sir Charles (ch c 1816) who led the sires' list 5 times. Sir Charles's sister Janette (ch f 1822) winner of many 4-mile races for the John C Stevens' stable of New York, was considered a mare of the highest class.

Ella Crump (br f) produced the matriarch Maria West (b f 1827 Marion), the dam of Wagner (ch c 1834 Sir Charles). Wagner, an infuential sire, was inbred 2x3 to Sir Archy and 3x3x4 to Citizen*.

Another unnamed daughter was the dam of Marion (b c 1820) who sired Maria West (b f 1827), she being thus inbred to Citizen* 2x3, and it is worth noting that the whole of American Family 1 descends from her.

A daughter called The Citizen Mare was the taproot of American Family 30, and yet another was the taproot mare of American Family 32.

Citizen* died at about the age of 25 and was buried at Oaklands, later the home of Colonel William Ransom Johnson.
 
Pedigree
Citizen Pacolet Blank Godolphin Arabian
Amorett
Whiteneck Crab
Young Whiteneck
Princess Turk Regulus
Crab Mare
Fairy Queen Young Cade
Routh's Blackeyes
Race Record
 
In 1789 running for Mr Gorwood he won 50 at Chesterfield. Won 50 at Leicester, beating Mr Finch's Vision, Sir T Cave's Scugg and Mr Throsby's Tenderling. The next day he won another 50 at the same place.
 
In 1790 he finished 2nd in the 50 Gold Cup at Chester to Mr Garforth's Tamerlane, beating Mr Legh's Harlot. Won 50 at Manchester, beating Mr Dodsworth's Abbe Thule, Mr Wentworth's Spangle and Mr Clifton's Attraction. Won 50 at Newcastle-under-Lyme, beating Lord Grosvenor's Amelia. Won 50 at Bromsgrove. Finished 3rd in the Royal Plate at Lichfield, won by Mr Hammond's Minos. Won 50 at the same place. Won 50 at Shrewsbury, beating Mr Collins's Evergreen, Mr Clifton's Labourer, Mr Postan's Doubtful, Sir J Leicester's Julie and Mr Heyrick's Brown Charlotte. Won 50 at Ludlow, beating Mr Lade's Highflyer colt. Finished 2nd for 50 at Northallerton to Mr Wetherell's Windlestone.
 
In 1791 he finished 3rd in the 50 Gold Cup at Chester to Mr Fowler's Windlestone and Mr P Chichester's Sulky, beating Mr Hulton's Evergreen, Lord Stamford's Florizel colt and Mr Forshaw's Labourer. Running for Mr Clifton he finished 2nd for 50 at Preston to Mr Dodsworth's Abba Thule.
 
In 1792 he won 50 at Manchester, beating Mr Homfray's Young Cicero and Capt Legh's Harlot. Won 50 at Knutsford. Won 50 at Chesterfield. Won a 500gs match at Doncaster from Lord Belfast's Magnolia.
 
In 1793 won a 20gs each sweepstakes at Manchester, beating Mr Garforth's Rosalind, Mr Hulton's Cavendish, Mr Chichester's Mendoza, Sir H Goodricke's Microscope, Lord Derby's Bustard and Mr J Broome's Mayfly. Finished 2nd in the 100gs Subscription Cup at Oxford to Lord Sackville's Spider, beating Mr Turnor's Hamlet who broke down. Won 50 at the same place. Finished 2nd for 50 at Warwick to Lord Donegall's Gilliflower.
 
In 1794 he won a 20gs each sweepstakes at Manchester, beating Lord Stamford's Weasel colt who was "thrown down by a dog".

   
   
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