Nearco (ITY)

Photograph by W A Rouch
© Thoroughbred

Federico Tesio (1869-1954), along with his wife,
the former Marchesa Lydia Serramezzana Flori,
established a stud at Dormello and a training
establishment at Milano. For over fifty years they
dominated Italian racing and influenced bloodstock
breeding world wide. Tesio trained his own horses.

          Northern Dancer
     Royal Charger




Nearco br c 1935 (Pharos - Nogara, by Havresac). Family 4-r. Sire Line Nearco.

Bred by Federico Tesio, Nearco was half brother to the Derby Italiano winner Niccolo Dell`Arca (b c 1938 Coronach) and to the Oaks D`Italia winner Nervesa (b f 1941 Ortello). His dam Nogara (b f 1928 Havresac) won both the Premio Parioli and the Premio Regina Elena and was the best Italian two year old of her year. His great grandam Sibola (b f 1896 The Sailor Prince), bred in America by Pierre Lorillard, won the One Thousand Guineas Stakes, and finished second to Musa in the Oaks by a nose, for Lord William Beresford in England, before passing into the hands of Major Eustace Loder (1867-1914), who also owned Spearmint and Pretty Polly among many others. Major Loder bred Sibola to Spearmint to get Catnip (b f 1910) who was sold to Mr Tesio at the December Sales in 1915 for 75 guineas.

Nearco Pharos Phalaris Polymelus
Scapa Flow Chaucer
Nogara Havresac Rabelais
Hors Concours
Catnip Spearmint
Nearco ran at two and three years of age winning each year seven races from seven starts, including such major races as the Gran Criterium, Premio Parioli, Derby Italiano, Gran Premio Di Milano, Gran Premio D`Italia and the Grand Prix De Paris. In the latter he defeated both the Derby winner Bois Roussel (br c 1935 Vatout) and the French Derby winner Cillas (b c 1935 Tourbillon). His victories were recorded as effortless and he was never fully extended.

In 1937 he won the Premio Colico (5 furlongs) at Milan by 3 lengths. Won the Premio Menaggio (5 furlongs) at Milan by 2 lengths. Won the Premio Vimercate (6 furlongs) at Milan by 1 1-2 lengths. Won the Criterium Nazionale (6 furlongs) at Milan by 2 lengths. Won the Gran Criterium (7 1-2 furlongs) at Milan by 2 1-2 lengths. Won the Premio Tevere (7 furlongs) at Rome by 3 lengths. Won the Premio Chiusura (7 furlongs) at Milan by 3-4 of a length.

In 1938 he won the Premio Del Ministero Dell'Agricoltura E Delle Foreste (7 furlongs) at Pisa by 3 lengths. Won the Premio Parioli (Two Thousand Guineas, 1 mile) at Rome by 6 lengths. Won the Premio Principe Emanuele Filiberto (1 1-4 miles) at Milan by 3 lengths. Won the Gran Premio Del Re (Derby, 1 1-2 miles) at Rome by a distance. Won the Gran Premio Dell'Impero (1 1-2 miles) at Milan by 6 lengths. Won the Gran Premio Di Milano (15 furlongs) at Milan by 3 lengths.

In the private stud book of Dormello-Olgiata Donna Lydia Tesio recorded these comments about Neaco: "Beautifully balanced, of perfect size and great quality. Won all his 14 races as soon as he was asked. Not a true stayer, though he won up to 3,000 metres (Gran Premio Di Milano and the Grand Prix De Paris). He won these longer races by his superb class and brilliant speed."

He was then acquired for 60,000 by Martin Harry Benson (1880-1972), an English bookmaker by trade, who ensconsed him at the Beech House Stud at Newmarket where he remained for the rest of his days. He got racing stock of the highest class; his best earners were Nimbus, Masaka and Sayajirao. He was champion sire in England in 1947 and 1948, and champion broodmare sire in 1952, 1955 and 1956. Nearco died in 1957.
Dante (GB)

Photograph by W A Rouch
© Thoroughbred

Dante br c 1942 (Nearco - Rosy Legend, by Dark Legend). Sire Line Nearco. Family 3-n.
Dante was bred in the Friar Ings Stud at Middleham, Yorkshire, by Sir Eric James Ohlson (1911-1983), 2d bt of Scarborough, he having purchased Rosy Legend, in foal to Nearco, at the bloodstock sale of the late Lord Furness for 3,500gs. She would also breed for him the Irish Derby and St Leger winner Sayajirao (b c 1944), a full brother to Dante.
Dante Nearco Pharos Phalaris
Scapa Flow
Nogara Havresac
Rosy Legend Dark Legend Dark Ronald
Golden Legend
Rosy Cheeks Saint Just
When a yearling he was sent to the sale at Newmarket but did not make his 3500gs reserve and so returned to Middleham. He was offered for sale again but no buyer emerged. As a two year old Dante went undefeated, winning six races including the Coventry Stakes and the Middle Park Stakes, both run at Newmarket. As a three year old he won the Rosebery Stakes at Stockton and the Derby Stakes at Epsom. In the Two Thousand Guineas, his only other start, he was beaten by Court Martial (ch c 1942 Fair Trial). He was kept in training with an eye to the St Leger. It was reported that Martin Benson had offered 125,000 for him in July. In late August Dante was scratched from the St Leger with the explanation that his preparation was insufficient. He was allotted top weight in the three year old Free Handicap, three pounds above Court Martial.

He retired to Theakston Hall Stud at Bedale, Yorkshire, where he remained for the rest of his life. Although he was syndicated in 1948, Sir Eric retained his interest via the management committee. Dante had been afflicted with eye trouble since his younger days which eventually developed into chronic opthalmia and led to complete blindness. In the stud his best earners were Darius and Diableretta. Dante died of heart failure in 1956.
Nasrullah (IRE)


Aga Sultan Sir Mahomed Shah (1877-1957),
Aga Khan III, was born in Karachi and died at
Geneva. He credited his involvement in English
racing to his friend Lord Wavertree. His influence
was felt throughout the racing world with such
horses as Blenheim, Bahram and Mahmoud, all
Derby winners.
Nasrullah b c 1940 (Nearco - Mumtaz Begum, by Blenheim). Sire Line Nearco. Family 9-c.

Bred and raced by HH Aga Khan III, Nasrullah was a grandson of his famous "Flying Filly" Mumtaz Begum (gr f 1921 The Tetrarch).
Nasrullah Nearco Pharos Phalaris
Scapa Flow
Nogara Havresac
Mumtaz Begum Blenheim Blandford
Mumtaz Mahal The Tetrarch
Lady Josephine
As a two year old he started four times, finishing third for the Wilburton Stakes, winning the Coventry Stakes whilst beating the next year's Derby winner Straight Deal (b c 1940 Solario), winning a race at Newmarket from one adversary and then finsihing second to Lord Rosebery's filly Ribbon (b f 1940 Fairway) for the Middle Park Stakes. He was awarded second place on the two year old Free Handicap, one pound behind the Cheveley Park Stakes winner Lady Sybil (b f 1940 Nearco). As a three year old he started six times, winning half of those, including the Champion Stakes; he was fourth in the Two Thousand Guineas and third in the Derby and was again evaluated second on the Free Handicap, one pound behind Straight Deal, and equal with the One Thousand Guineas and St Leger winner Herringbone (b f 1940 King Salmon) and Ribbon. Many felt he would have had more success on the turf but for his unwilling temperment.

He retired to the Barton Grange Stud in Suffolk where his fee was set at 198, which was similar to many war time fees, including that of the 1937 Derby winner Mid-Day Sun (br c 1934 Solario). In 1944 he was purchased by the "Nasrullah Syndicate" (Gerald McElligot and Bert Kerr) who in turn sold him for 19,000gs to Joseph McGrath (1887-1966) who took him to Brownstown House at the Curragh. His first crop included the Aga Khan's Irish Derby winner Nathoo. An American syndicate headed by Arthur Boyd Hancock junior purchased him after the 1950 season for a reported $370,000 and in America he was leading sire five times. His best earner in England was the Derby and St Leger winner Never Say Die and in America the Preakness and Belmont winner Nashua. Nasrullah died at Claiborne Farm in 1959.
Nearctic (CAN)


Edward Plunket Taylor (1901-1989),
a Canadian businessman, had a dream
of breeding a Kentucky Derby winner. He
did that and more with Northern Dancer,
who, as Tony Morris said, "was the most
prepotent, influential and commercial
sire of the late 20th century".
Nearctic br c 1954 (Nearco - Lady Angela, by Hyperion). Sire Line Nearco. Family 14-c.

Nearctic was bred in Ontario by E P Taylor who had purchased his dam, Lady Angela, in foal to Nearctic, from Martin Benson for 10,500gs at the Newmarket December Sales in 1952. Lady Angela was a half sister to the champion two year old filly Lady Sybil (b f 1940 Nearco). She remained in England to foal and was bred back to Nearco.
Nearctic Nearco Pharos Phalaris
Scapa Flow
Nogara Havresac
Lady Angela Hyperion Gainsborough
Sister Sarah Abbots Trace
In 1953 Lady Angela and her foal (Empire Day) set sail for the new world and in due course Nearctic was foaled at the National Stud near Toronto. A handsome colt, he was offered, as a matter of course, at the annual yearling sale for $35,000. No one wanted him so he was put into training with the rest of the Windfields youngsters. He grew to upwards of sixteen hands, he was wilful, explosive and very, very fast.

No one wanted to ride him and few could. But with careful management he was brought along and as a two year old he won several races in Canada and then ventured far enough south to win the Saratoga Special. Back north he won the Carleton Stakes and there began a quarter crack that would trouble him for the rest of his turf career. He was champion two year old in Canada. He started thirteen times as a three year old, winning four, including the International Handicap at Fort Erie, equalling the track record, but he never got close to the American classics races due to recurring lameness from the quarter crack. As a four year old he won his first five, finished among the field in his next two, then travelled to Detroit and flew down the track for the Michigan Mile, winning by lengths from horses such as Mister Jive, Swoon's Son and Red God. This year he was Canada's Horse Of The Year. As a five year old he won the Vigil Handicap carrying top weight of 126 pounds and equalling the track record in the process. During his time on the turf he ran forty-seven races and won twenty-one of them.

He was retired to the National Stud Farm in early 1960. His first crop produced Northern Dancer, and in 1967 he was syndicated for $1,050,000 and went to Mrs Richard DuPont's Woodstock Farm near Chesapeake City, Maryland, where he died in 1973.
Northern Dancer (CAN)

Northern Dancer
Northern Dancer b c 1961 (Nearctic - Natalma, by Native Dancer). Sire Line Nearco. Family 2-d.

Bred by E P Taylor at his Windfields Farm in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada, Northern Dancer became, somewhat unexpectedly, the most important stallion of the twentieth century. He was the first Canadian-bred to win the Kentucky Derby. Taylor had purchased the Virginia-bred Natalma at the Saratoga yearling sales for $35,000 from her breeders, Mrs E H Augustus and her nephew Daniel Van Clief. Natalma started seven times and won three. She had also crossed the finish line first in the six furlong Spinaway Stakes, but was disqualified to third. Her earnings amounted to $16,025. Her first foal was Northern Dancer.
Northern Dancer Nearctic Nearco Pharos
Lady Angela Hyperion
Sister Sarah
Natalma Native Dancer Polynesian
Almahmoud Mahmoud
Like his sire before him he was offered at the annual Windfields sale and not chosen. He was valued at $25,000, possibly due to his small stature (less than 15.2 hands). Trained by Horatio Luro, he won seven of nine starts as a two year old, including the Summer Stakes, Coronation Futurity, Carleton Stakes and Remsen Stakes, the latter at Aqueduct, New York. In his other two starts, the Cup And Saucer Stakes and the Vandal Stakes, he finished second. Also like his sire, he had developed a quarter crack, which was treated with new technology - a patch invented by William Bane. As a three year old he again won seven of nine starts, including the Flamingo Stakes (9f), the Florida Derby (9f), the Blue Grass Stakes (9f), the Kentucky Derby (10f), the Preakness Stakes (9.5f) and the Queen's Plate (10f). He finished third in the Belmont Stakes (12f) to Quadrangle and Roman Brother. In the Kentucky Derby he set a new stakes record of 2 minutes flat. Whilst training for the American Derby he strained a tendon and was retired, with earnings of $580,647. He was named champion three year old colt and garnered Horse Of The Year honours in Canada this year, 1964.

Northern Dancer entered the stud in 1965 at Windfields Farm in Ontario before relocating in 1968 to the Taylor farm in Maryland. His initial stud fee was $10,000. He left an indelible record in the stud, with such offspring as Nijinsky (b c 1967), from his second crop, winning the last triple crown in England and the Irish Derby, Lyphard (b c 1969) winning the the Prix De La Foret and Prix Jacques Marois in France, The Minstrel (ch c 1974) winning the Derby and Irish Derby, Shareef Dancer (b c 1980) winning the Irish Derby, Sadler's Wells (b c 1981) winning the Irish 2000 Guineas, and El Gran Senor (b c 1981) winning the 2000 Guineas Stakes and the Irish Derby, He was champion sire in England four times and in the United States once. Not to be outdone by the dazzle created by sons and heirs, his daughters earned him champion broodmare sire honours in the United States in 1991. Later in life his fee was said to be over $1,000,000. He was inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall Of Fame in 1976. Northern Dancer was pensioned after the 1987 season and died in Maryland in 1990. He was buried at Windfields Farm in Oshawa, Ontario.
Royal Charger (GB)

Royal Charger
Royal Charger ch c 1942 (Nearco - Sun Princess, by Solario). Sire Line Nearco. Family 9-c.

Bred by Sir Joseph John Jarvis (1876-1950), 1st bt of Hascombe Court, Royal Charger was a son of a half sister to Nasrullah (b c 1940 Nearco).
Royal Charger Nearco Pharos Phalaris
Scapa Flow
Nogara Havresac
Sun Princess Solario Gainsborough
Sun Worship
Mumtaz Begum Blenheim
Mumtaz Mahal
As a two year old he had five outings, two of which he placed in. As a three year old he finished third to Court Martial (ch c 1942 Fair Trial) and Dante (br c 1942 Nearco) for the Two Thousand Guineas, although he was not a factor for the Derby. Later that year he finished second for the Duke Of York Stakes, then won the Tees Plate at Stockton and the Challenge Stakes at Newmarket, beating the speedy Golden Cloud (ch c 1941 Gold Bridge) in the latter. As a four year old he finished second, got a walkover, then won the Queen Anne Stakes at Ascot and the Ayr Gold Cup.

At the close of his turf career in 1946 he was purchased by the National Stud at Tully for 52,000 and took up residence in Ireland. Said to be a strong, sound, well-muscled colt of good quality, there were doubts about his temperment, a trait some thought he shared with Nasrullah. Whilst in Ireland he got a couple of classics winners and the champion sprinter Royal Serenade (ch c 1948) who preceded his sire to America and there won the Hollywood Derby. At the close of the 1953 season Royal Charger was sold to an American syndicate for a reputed $300,000 and left for Kentucky. In America he sired fifty-seven stakes winners with his best runner being Mongo (ch c 1959) who earned $820,766. Another of his offspring, Copenhagen (ch c 1954), went to New Zealand and was a leading sire there four times. His most influential son was Turn-To (b c 1951), foaled in Ireland but a success in America. Royal Charger died in 1961.