Part 4 - Arabians,
Barbs, and Turks.
The HELMSLEY TURK
was an old D. of Buckingham's, and got Bustler, &c.
PLACE'S WHITE TURK, was the
property of Mr. Place, stud-master to Oliver Cromwell, when Protector,
and was the sire of Wormwood, Commoner, and the great grand dams of
Windham, Grey Ramsden, and Cartouch.
ROYAL MARES. King Charles
the Second sent abroad the master of the horse, to procure a number of
foreign horses and mares for breeding, and the mares brought over by
him, (as also many of their produce) have since been called Royal Mares.
DODSWORTH, though foaled in
England, was a natural Barb. His dam, a Barb Mare, was imported in the
time of Charles the Second, and was called a Royal Mare. She was sold by
the stud-master, after the King's death, for forty guineas, at 20 years
old, when in foal (by the Helmsley) with Vixen, dam of the Old Child
The STRADLING, or LISTER
TURK, was brought into England by the D. of Berwick, from the seige
of Buda, in the reign of James the Second. He got Snake, the D. of
Kingston's Brisk and Piping Peg, Coneyskins, the dam of Hip, and the
grand dam of the Bolton Sweepstakes.
BYERLY TURK, was Captain
Byerly's charger in Ireland, in King William's wars (1689, &c.) He
did not cover many bred mares, but was the sire of the D. of Kingston's
Sprite, who was thought nearly as good as Leedes; the D. of Rutland's
Black-Hearty and Archer, the D. of Devonshire's Basto, Ld Bristol's
Grasshopper, and Ld Godolphin's Byerly Gelding, all in good forms;
Halloway's Jig, a middling horse; and Knightley's Mare, in a very good
GREYHOUND. The cover for
this foal was in Barbary, after which both his sire and dam were
purchased, and brought into England, by Mr. Marshall. He was got by King
William's White Barb Chillaby, out of Slugey, a Natural Barb Mare.
Greyhound got the D. of Wharton's Othello, said to have beat Chanter
easily in a trial, giving him a stone, but who, falling lame, ran only
one match in public, against a bad horse; he also got Panton's
Whitefoot, a very good horse; Osmyn, a very fleet horse, and in a good
form for his size; the D. of Wharton's Rake, a middling horse; Ld
Halifax's Sampson, Goliah, and Favourite, pretty good 12st. plate
horses; Desdemona, and other good mares; and several ordinary plate
horses, who ran in the North, where he was a common stallion, and
covered many of the best mares.
D'ARCY WHITE TURK, was the
sire of O. Hautboy, Grey Royal, Cannon, &c.
D'ARCY YELLOW TURK, was the
sire of Spanker, Brimmer, and the great great grand dam of Cartouch.
The MARSHALL, or, SELABY
TURK, was the property of Mr. Marshall's brother, stud-master to
King William, Queen Anne, and King George the First. He got the Curwen
O. Spot, the dam of Windham, the dam of the Derby Ticklepitcher, and the
great grand dam of the Bolton Sloven and Fearnought.
CURWEN'S BAY BARB, was a
present to Lewis the Fourteenth from Muley Ishmael, King of Morocco, and
was brought into England by Mr. Curwen, who, being in France when Count
Byram, and Count Thoulouse (two natural sons of Lewis the Fourteenth)
were, the former, master of the horse, and the latter an admiral, he
procured of them two Barb Horses, both of which proved most excellent
stallions, and are well known by the names of the Curwen Bay Barb,
and the Thoulouse Barb. Curwen's Bay Barb got Mixbury and
Tantivy, both very high-formed galloways, the first of them was only
thirteen hands two inches high, and yet there were not more than two
horses of his time that could beat him, at light weights; Brocklesby,
Little George, Yellow Jack, Bay Jack, Monkey, Dangerfield, Hip, Peacock,
and Flatface, the first two in good forms, the rest middling; two
Mixburys, full brothers to the first Mixbury, middling galloways; Long
Meg, Brocklesby Betty, and Creeping Molly, extraordinary high-formed
mares; Whiteneck, Mistake, Sparkler, and Lightfoot, very good mares; and
several middling galloways, who ran for plates in the North. He got two
full sisters to Mixbury, one of which bred Partner, Little Scar,
Soreheels, and the dam of Crab; the other was the dam of Quiet, Silver
Eye, and Hazard. He did not cover many mares except Mr. Curwen's and Mr.
The THOULOUSE BARB became
afterwards the property of Sir J. Parsons, and was the sire of Bagpiper,
Blacklegs, Mr. Panton's Molly, and the dam of Cinnamon.
DARLEY'S ARABIAN, was
brought over by a brother of Mr. Darley, of Yorkshire, who being an
agent in merchandize abroad, became member of an hunting club, by which
means he acquired interest to procure this horse. He was sire of
Childers, and also got Almanzor, a very good horse; a white legged horse
of the D. of Somerset's, full brother to Almanzor, and thought to as
good, but meeting with an accident, he never ran in public; Cupid and
Brisk, good horses; Daedalus, a very fleet horse; Dart, Skipjack,
Manica, and Aleppo, good plate horses, though out of bad mares; Ld.
Lonsdale's mare, in a very good form; and Ld Tracy's mare, in a good one
for plates. He covered very few well bred mares except Mr. Darley's, who
had very few well bred besides Almanzor's dam.
SIR J. WILLIAMS'S TURK,
afterwards Mr. Turner's of Suffolk, got Mr. Honeywood's two True Blues,
the elder of them was the best plate horse in England for four or five
years; the younger was in a very high form, and got the Rumford Gelding,
and Ld Onslow's Grey Horse, middling horses, out of road mares. It is
not known that this Turk covered any bred mares, except the dam of the
two True Blues.
BELGRADE TURK, was taken at
the seige of Belgrade, by General Merci, and was sent by him to the
Prince de Craon, from whom he was a present to the Prince of Loraine; he
was afterwards purchased by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, and died in his
possession about 1740.
CROFT'S BAY BARB, was got
by Chillaby, out of the Moonah Barb Mare; he got some horses that could
run a little, but was a bad stallion.
GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. Of this
valuable stallion (strange as it will undoubtedly appear) scarce any
records are extant; all that can be discovered after strict enquiry, is,
that he was a brown horse, about fifteen hands high, that he was first
the property of Mr. Coke, and given by him to Mr. Roger Williams, keeper
of the St. James's Coffee-House, by whom he was presented to Ld
Godolphin, and that he continued in his Lordship's possession, as a
private stallion, till his death. To those who are thoroughly conversant
with the Turf, it would be superfluous to remark, that he undoubtedly
contributed more to the improvement of the breed of horses in this
country, than any stallion before or since his time; it would be equally
unnecessary to enumerate his get; to those who are less acquainted with
the annals of racing, the names of Cade, Regulus, Blank, Babraham, and
Bajazet, may serve as a proof of the remark; and it may not be amiss to
observe, that almost (if not entirely so) every superior horse of the
present day, partakes of his valuable blood. - He died at Hogmagog, in
1752, in the 29th year of his age, and is buried in a covered passage,
leading to the stable, with a flat stone over him, without any
inscription. - In regard to his pedigree, from all that can be
collected, none was brought over with him, as it was said, and generally
believed he was stolen. - It may be trifling to notice the extraordinary
affection shewn by this horse to a cat, who lived in his stable, which
was more particularly manifested by his extreme inquietude on the death
of that animal. We mention this circumstance merely to account for the
introduction of a cat in the portrait of the Godolphin Arabian, to which
the reader is referred for an accurate representation of him.