Part 4 - Arabians,
Barbs, and Turks.
The date of the
importation of the horses named below is in many cases unknown, and can
only be guessed at by the date of their produces, besides which they may
not have been imported at all, but bred in this country, it being common
to call horses Barbs, Turks, etc., that were only of that breed; and it
is evident from the old records that there was a class of horses kept
apart as "running horses," and described as Barbary horses,
Spanish Barbs, etc., the greater part of the Barbs coming no doubt by
way of Spain, though some are distinguished as Morocco Barbs. The horses
called Arabian were probably from Persia and Syria.
The following are
arranged in about the order of date.
James the First bought an Arabian of Mr. Markham, a merchant, for 500
gs., said (but with little probability) to have been the first of that
breed ever seen in England. The Duke of Newcastle says, in his Treatises
on Horsemanship, that he had seen the above Arabian, and describes him
as a small Bay horse, and not of very excellent shape; also that he was
bought for 150 gs., and to run, and ran so badly that he brought
Arabians into disrepute.
Duke of Rutland's Barb.
PLACE'S WHITE TURK, was the
property of Mr. Place, stud-master to Oliver Cromwell, when Protector,
and was sire of Wormwood, Commoner, and the great-granddams of Wyndham,
Grey Ramsden, and Cartouch.
DODSWORTH, though foaled in
England, was a natural Barb. His dam, a Barb Mare, was imported in the
time of Charles the Second, and was called a Royal Mare. She was sold to
Mr. Child by the stud-master, after the King's death, for 40 gs., at
twenty years old, when in foal (by the Helmsley Turk) with Vixen,
dam of the Old Child Mare. He was the sire of Dicky Pierson (called in
some pedigrees The Son of Dodsworth).
ROYAL MARES. King Charles
the Second sent abroad the Master of the Horse, to procure a number of
foreign horses and mares for breeding, and the mares brought over by
him, (as also many of their produce) have since been called Royal Mares.
Charles I. had at Tutbury, Staffordshire, in 1643, a number of mares and
stallions described as race-horses, a list of which from the records
includes three Morocco mares.
CHESTNUT ARABIAN. Rockwood, see p. 382, is also sometimes
called Pulleine's Arabian. [p. 382 - ROCKWOOD, Pulleine's, out of the
Lonsdale Tregonwell Barb Mare.]
The DARCY YELLOW TURK, was
the sire of Spanker, Brimmer, and the great great grand dam of Cartouch.
The DARCY WHITE TURK, also
called Sedbury Turk, was the sire of Old Hautboy, Grey Royal, Cannon,
The WHITE-LEGGED LOWTHER BARB.
The HELMSLEY TURK,
from the stud of Lord Fairfax, Helmsley, became the property of the Duke
of Buckingham, and got Bustler, etc.
(sire of the Lonsdale Counsellor).
called BAY ROAN.
The STRADLING, or LISTER
TURK, was brought into England by the Duke of Berwick, from the
seige of Buda, in the reign of James the Second. He got Lister Snake,
the Duke of Kingston's Brisk, Piping Peg, Coneyskins, the dam of Hip,
and the grandam of the Bolton Sweepstakes.
ELY TURK (sire of Old
OGLETHORPE ARABIAN (sire of
Makeless). This may be the horse described as Mr. Oglethorpe's son of
the Yellow Turk.
DARCY CHESNUT ARABIAN.
The BYERLY TURK, was
Captain Byerly's charger in Ireland, in King William's wars (1689, etc.)
He did not cover many bred mares, but was the sire of Jigg, the Duke of
Kingston's Sprite, who was thought nearly as good as Leedes; the Duke of
Rutland's Black Hearty and Archer, the Duke of Devonshire's
Basto, Lord Bristol's Grasshopper, and Lord Godolphin's Byerly Gelding,
all in good forms; Halloway's Jigg, a middling horse; and Knightley's
Mare, in a very good form; and Bowes' Mare.
LEEDES ARABIAN (sire of
Leedes, Bay Peg, and Dyer's Dimple).
KING WILLIAM'S BLACK BARB,
without a tongue.
OXFORD (Lord Oxford's) DUN
The MARSHALL or SELABY
TURK, was the property of Mr. Marshall's brother, stud-master to
King William, Queen Anne, and King George the First. He got the Curwen
Old Spot, the dam of Windham, the dam of the Derby Ticklepitcher,
and the great grandam of the Bolton Sloven and Fearnought.
FENWICK BARB (sire of OLD
The TAFFOLET or MOROCCO
BARB, he got the Honeycomb Punch about 1692.
BROWNLOW TURK (sire of Grey
WILKINSON'S BAY ARABIAN.
CHILLABY, King William's
White Barb (sire of Greyhound).
WASTELL'S TURK (sire of the
HOLDERNESS TURK (sire of
Hartley's Blind Horse), was brought from Constantinople by Queen Anne's
Ambassador, about 1704.
GREYHOUND. The cover for
this foal was in Barbary, after which both his sire and dam were
purchased and brought into England by Mr. Marshall. He was got by
Chillaby, out of Slugey, a Natural Barb Mare. Greyhound got the
Duke of Wharton's Othello, about 1812, said to have beaten
Chaunter easily in a trial, giving him a stone, but who falling lame,
ran only one match in public, against a bad horse; he also got Panton's Whitefoot,
a very good horse; Osmyn, a very fleet horse, and in a good form
for his size; the Duke of Wharton's Rake, a middling horse; Lord
Halifax's Sampson, Goliah, and Favourite, pretty
good 12 stone Plate horses; Desdemona, and other good mares; and
several ordinary Plate horses, who ran in the North, where he was a
common stallion, and covered many of the best mares.
LITTLE MOUNTAIN BARB (Duke
HUTTON'S GREY BARB, was
given by King William to Mr. Hutton in 1700.
CROFTS'S BAY BARB, or the CRIPPLE
BARB, at Hampton Court, was got by Chillaby, out of the Moonah Barb
SIR E. HALE'S TURK.
CURWEN'S BAY BARB, was a
present to Lewis the Fourteenth from Muley Ishmael, King of Morocco, and
was brought into England by Mr. Curwen, who, being in France when Count
Byram, and Count Thoulouse (two natural sons of Lewis the Fourteenth),
were, the former, Master of the Horse, and the latter, an Admiral, he
procured of them, about the end of the seventeenth century, two Barb
Horses, both of which proved excellent stallions, and are well known by
the names of the Curwen Bay Barb, and the Thoulouse Barb.
Curwen's Bay Barb got Mixbury and Tantivy, both very high-formed
galloways, the first of them was only thirteen hands two inches high,
and yet there were not more than two horses of his time that could beat
him, at light weights; Brocklesby, Little George, Yellow Jack, Bay Jack,
Monkey, Dangerfield, Hip, Peacock, and Flatface, the first two in good
forms, the rest middling; two Mixburys, full brothers to the first
Mixbury, middling galloways; Long Meg, Brocklesby Betty, and Creeping
Molly, extraordinary high-formed mares; Whiteneck, Mistake, Sparkler,
and Lightfoot, very good mares; and several middling galloways, who ran
for plates in the North. He got two full sisters to Mixbury, one of
which bred Partner, Little Scar, Soreheels, and the dam of Crab; the
other was the dam of Quiet and Sloven. He did not cover many mares
except Mr. Curwen's and Mr. Pelham's.
The THOULOUSE BARB became
afterwards the property of Sir J. Parsons, and was the sire of Bagpiper,
Blacklegs, Mr. Panton's Molly, and the dam of Cinnamon.
SIR J. WILLIAMS'S TURK,
(more frequently called the HONEYWOOD ARABIAN, but also Sir C. Turner's
White Turk), got Mr. Honeywood's two True Blues, the elder of them was
the best Plate horse in England for four or five years; the younger was
in a very high form, and got the Rumford Gelding, and Lord
Onslow's Grey Horse, middling horses, out of road mares. It is not known
that this Turk covered any bred mares, except the dam of the two True
ALCOCK'S ARABIAN, got Crab
in 1721, was also known as Mr. Pelham's Grey Arab, and was afterwards
Duke of Ancaster's.
SIR H. HARPUR'S BARB.
The ST VICTOR BARB (sire of
Bald Galloway), brought from France by Captain Rider of Whittlebury.
The AKASTER TURK (sire of
DARLEY'S ARABIAN, probably
a Turk or Syrian horse, was brought over from Smyrna by a brother of Mr.
Darley, of Yorkshire, who being an agent in merchandize abroad, became
member of a hunting club, by which means he acquired interest to procure
this horse. He was sire of Childers, and also got Almanzor, a very good
horse, and Aleppo his brother; a white legged horse of the Duke of
Somerset's, full brother to Almanzor, and thought to as good, but,
meeting with an accident, he never ran in public; Cupid and Brisk, good
horses; Daedalus, a very fleet horse; Dart, Skipjack, and Manica, good
Plate horses, though out of bad mares; Lord Lonsdale's Mare, in very
good form; and Lord Tracy's mare, in a good one for Plates. He covered
very few mares except Mr. Darley's, who had very few well bred besides
CYPRUS ARABIAN (the Duke of
Rutland's), probably the same as the Hampton-Court chesnut Arabian,
The STRICKLAND TURK,
described as a foreign horse, of Sir W. Strickland's, also as Carlisle's
Barb, about 1712.
HAMPTON COURT CHESNUT ARABIAN.
HAMPTON COURT LITTON ARABIAN.
HOWE'S PERSIAN (sire of
BLOODY-SHOULDERED ARABIAN (sire of Bolton Sweepstakes).
HUTTON'S or MULSO BAY
LONSDALE BAY ARABIAN (sire
of Monkey, Sultan, etc.).
LEXINGTON GREY ARABIAN.
THE PIGOT TURK, also called
Mostyn's Bay Barb.
LONSDALE BLACK ARABIAN.
SIR M. NEWTON'S BAY ARABIAN.
WYNN ARABIAN (sire of
WIDDRINGTON or BRIDGEWATER
HALL ARABIAN (sire, in
1722, of Heneage's Whitenose).
SUTTON TURK, Duke of
Devonshire's, covered in 1719.
MORGAN'S GREY BARB.
MORGAN'S BLACK BARB.
ORFORD or WALPOLE GREY
The BELGRADE TURK, was
taken at the seige of Belgrade, by General Merci, and was sent by him to
the Prince de Craon, from whom he was a present to the Prince of
Lorraine; he was afterwards purchased by Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, and died
in his possession about 1740.
LORD MORTON'S ARABIAN.
The GODOLPHIN ARABIAN, was
a brown bay, about fifteen hands high, with some white on the off-heel
behind; there is a picture of him and his favourite Cat in the library
at Gogmagog, in Cambridgeshire, at which place he died, in the
possession of Lord Godolphin, in 1753, being then supposed to be in his
Whether he was an Arabian or a
Barb is a point disputed (his portrait would rather lead to the latter
supposition), but his excellence as a stallion is generally admitted. In
1731, then the property of Mr. Coke, he was teazer to Hobgoblin, who
refusing to cover Roxana, she was put to the Arabian, and from that
cover produced Lath, the first of his get. It is remarkable that
there is not a superior horse now on the turf, without a cross of the
Godolphin Arabian, neither has there been for many years past. He was
imported from France in 1730 by Mr. Coke, and given by him to Lord
Godolphin. He was over 15 hands high, and his stock generally taller.
There is an original Portrait of
this Horse in Lord Cholmondeley's collection at Houghton; on comparing
which with Mr Stubbs's print of him, it will be seen that the
disproportionately small limbs, as represented in the latter, do not
accord with the painting.
CRAWFORD'S TURK, imported
by Lord Crawford, afterwards called The Stamford Turk.
BLOODY BUTTOCKS. (Pick says
bred at Barforth.) Nothing further can be traced from the papers of the
late Mr Crofts, than that he was a Grey Arabian, with a red mark on his
hip, from whence he derived his name.
FLETCHER'S ARABIAN (sire of
H.R.H. THE DUKE OF CUMBERLAND'S
GREY ARABIAN, called Muley Ishmael.
CULLEN ARABIAN, a brown bay
(really a Barb), brought over by Mr Mosco, from Constantinople, with the
Mosco Grey Arabian. They were presented to the British Consul by
the Emperor of Morocco about 1745; the first was sold to Lord Cullen.
GODOLPHIN GREY BARB or DEVONSHIRE
GREY TURK or ARABIAN.
NORTHUMBERLAND GOLDEN ARABIAN.
DEVONSHIRE CHESNUT ARABIAN.
DAMASCUS ARABIAN, bl. h.
foaled in 1754, and imported 1760, sold to Mr Coates of Smeaton,
WOLSELEY BARB, probably the
Black Barb which stood at Woolsey, Staffordshire.
NORTHUMBERLAND BROWN ARABIAN
(afterwards Leedes's Brown Arab).
BELSIZE ARABIAN, imported
about 1759, when 3 years old.
The NEWCOMBE BAY ARABIAN,
bought by Captain Burford, in 1756, when 3 years old, from the Sheik of
St John Diracki (? St Jean D'acre), sold to Mr Newcombe.
BELL'S GREY ARABIAN
(imported about 1764).
MARTIN'S BLACK ARABIAN
(afterwards Jelfy Arabian).
VANE ARABIAN, imported by
Mr Mosco, about 1714.
GIBSON'S GREY ARABIAN (late
Barrington Arabian), purchased in Arabia Felix.
The COOMBE ARABIAN
(sometimes called the Pigot Arabian, and sometimes the Bolingbroke
Grey Arabian), was sire of Methodist, the dam of Crop, etc.
The COMPTON BARB, more
commonly called the Sedley Arabian, was the sire of Coquette,
The WELLESLEY GREY and CHESNUT
ARABIANS (so called), were brought from India by Mr Wellesley
(brother of the Marquis of Wellesley), in 1803, but evidently not
Arabians but Gulf, i.e. Persian, Arabians; the former was a horse
of very good shape, with the size and substance of an English hunter.
WILSON'S CHESNUT ARABIAN
(really a Turk), was brought to England by Lord Kinnoul, from
Constantinople, where he cost 200 guineas; he stood for several seasons
at Oran, near Catterick.
ALI BEY, given to Count
Orlow in 1771, and by him to Lord Pembroke, afterwards Lord Percy's.
OXLADE or CLEMENT'S
ARABIAN, called Dowla (imported by Captain Clements in 1767).
The VERNON ARABIAN, was a
small chesnut horse (imported 1769). He covered at Highflyer Hall, and
was the sire of Alert, etc. Alert had good speed for a short distance.
WOODSTOCK ARABIAN, also
called Williams's Arabian.
RUMBOLT'S ARABIAN, 1797.