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Family 104

English Families

1 1a 1b 1c 1d 1e 1f 1g 1h 1i 1j 1k 1l 1m 1n 1o 1p 1r 1s 1t 1u 1w 1x 2 2a 2b 2c 2d 2e 2f 2g 2h 2i 2j 2k 2l 2m 2n 2o 2p 2r 2s 2t 2u 2w 3 3a 3b 3c 3d 3e 3f 3g 3h 3i 3j 3k 3l 3m 3n 3o 4 4a 4b 4c 4d 4e 4f 4g 4h 4i 4j 4k 4l 4m 4n 4o 4p 4r 5 5a 5b 5c 5d 5e 5f 5g 5h 5i 5j 6 6a 6b 6c 6d 6e 6f 6x 7 7a 7b 7c 7d 7e 7f 8 8a 8b 8c 8d 8e 8f 8g 8h 8i 8j 8k 9 9a 9b 9c 9d 9e 9f 9g 9h 10 10a 10b 10c 10d 10e 11 11a 11b 11c 11d 11e 11f 12 12a 12b 12c 12d 12e 12f 12g 13 13a 13b 13c 13d 13e 14 14a 14b 14c 14d 14e 14f 15 15a 15b 15d 16 16a 16b 16c 16d 16e 16f 16g 16h 17 17a 17b 17c 17d 18 18a 19 19a 19b 19c 20 20a 20b 20c 20d 21 21a 22 22a 22b 22c 22d 23 23a 23b 24 25 26 27 27a 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74

DIAMOND MARE (f 1695c Diamond [Darcy's])
     Snake Mare (f 1715c Snake [Lister's])
          Stump [ex-Ladies' Toy] (b c 1724 Manica)
          Stump Mare (f 1725c Holderness Turk)
               Blacklegs Mare (f 1741 Blacklegs [Devonshire])
                    Captain (br c 1752 Young Cartouch)
                    Cassandra* (b f 1754 Whitenose [Portmore's])
                    |    Stella (br f 1764 Shakespeare)
                    |         Eclipse [Harris's] (b c 1771 Fearnought*)
                    |         Shakespeare [Baylor's] (br c 1772 Fearnought*)
                    General [ex-Young Captain] (b c 1758 Young Cartouch)
                    Skim Colt (gr c 1759 Skim)
                    Bajazet Colt (b c 1760 Bajazet)
                    Osmar Colt (b c 1761 Osmar)

Family 104

The pedigree shown above for Stump differs slightly from that offered by the General Stud Book. Original research for the history of Family 104 was provided by A J Hibbard and Miodrag Milovanovic.

Colonel Pepper's Diamond Mare appears at the head of Family 104. The Turf Register suggests her sire was the North Country Diamond (ch c 1726 Jew Trump), however, her grandson Stump was foaled in 1724 so Mr Cheny was more likely correct in recording her sire as Darcy's Diamond (c 1680c Fairfax Morocco Barb).

According to the 5th edition of Volume 1 of the General Stud Book, Stump's dam was the Duke of Leedes's mare, by the Holderness Turk. However, sufficient alternative evidence exists, including that from previous editions of the GSB, to conclude that Stump's dam was instead the Snake Mare.

Mr Humberston's Stump is probably the earliest known runner produced by this family. Bred by Mr White he first ran under the name of Ladies' Toy. He won Royal Plates at Nottingham, York and Lincoln defeating such horses as Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's Scarborough Colt (bl c 1724 Tifter) and Mr Coke's Hobgoblin (br c 1724 Aleppo). Stump has the distinction of winning the last Royal Plate that was run over Clifton and Rawcliffe Ings.

The Blacklegs Mare was bred by James Waldegrave (1685-1741), 1st Earl Waldegrave, and owned by the 2nd Earl, also James Waldegrave (1715-1763). She later entered the stud of Charles Colyear (1700-1785), 2nd Earl of Portmore. There she bred the good runners Captain and General, the former a good stallion as well. In 1764 her daughter Cassandra was exported in foal to America and produced Stella for John Baylor (1705-1772) of "Newmarket" in Caroline County, Virginia. In turn Stella produced the stallion Harris's Eclipse who made a substantial contribution to early Virginia pedigrees.


Stump "by Mr Darley's Manica, dam by Snake, out of a daughter of the North Country Diamond" [Pick 1:474].

"Mr Humberston's Stump, Son of Manica, Son of the Darley Arabian. The Dam of the Humberston Stump was got by Snake, his Grand-Dam by Diamond, Son of the Helmsley Turk" [Cheny:1743].

"Blacklegs Mare, Bred by Lord Waldegrave, in 1741, got by the Devonshire Blacklegs, her dam, the Duke of Leeds's Mare,* by the Holderness Turk - Snake - Diamond. * This mare was the dam in 1724 of Mr Humberton's b h Stump, by Manica" [GSB 1:34].

"The Horse called Stump ... was got by Mannaca, a Son of Mr Darlow's Arabian, the Sire of Childers; his Dam was got by Snake, and out of a Diamond Mare of Colonel Pepper's" [York Courant, March 13. 1739. Numb. 700].

In the pedigree given for the "BLACKLEGS MARE, Her dam, the Duke of Leeds's Stump Mare, by the Holderness Turk - her grand dam by Snake" [Intro:6]. Stump is not mentioned in conjunction with the Blacklegs Mare, although he has his own entry in Part II, which says: Stump, (Mr. Humberston's), 1724, Manica - Snake - Diamond" [Intro:188].

In the pedigree of the BLACKLEGS Mare the pedigree for Stump is given as "Manica - Snake - Diamond" [GSB:1797].

BLACKLEGS Mare's pedigree now reads "got by the Devonshire Blacklegs, her dam, the Duke of Leeds's mare (dam of Humberston's Stump) by the Holderness Turk - Snake," the pedigree of Stump is given as "Mr Humberston's, foaled in 1724, got by Manica - Snake - Diamond" [GSB:1803].

"The STUMP MARE (grandam of Captain) was bred by the Duke of Leeds, and got by the Earl of Holderness's Turk, out of a daughter of Mr Lister's Snake" [Pick 1:179].

In the pedigree for Mr Swymmer's Captain is given as "by Cartouch, out of a daughter of Devonshire Blacklegs, which came from the dam of a bay Horse called Humberstone's Stump" [Pond:1756 & 1757].

When Mr Humberston's Lady's (or Ladies') Toy first appeared on the turf the pedigree given for him suggests that he was later the horse called Stump (same age & coat color, although the pedigree drops a generation): "bred by Mr White, out of a Diamond Mare & got by Manaca" [Cheny:1729]. The Turf Register also identifies Ladies' Toy as Stump.


A J Hibbard and Miodrag Milovanovic
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