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Lord Rockingham's collection of pedigrees & breeders' certificates
 
 

Pedigrees from WWM/R193 (Sheffield Archives, 52 Shoreham Street, Sheffield S1 4SP, England)

Lord Rockingham's first appearance on the turf dates from 1752 when he started 4 horses: (1) a bay filly by Cade, her dam by the Lonsdale Arabian; (2) Scampton Cade, also got by Cade; (3) Silver Leg, by the Earl of Portmore's Cartouch, his dam by Old Cartouch; and (4) Yorkshire Jack, got by Jack come Tickle me. After that he continued to race horses, mostly of his own breeding every year, until his death in 1782.
 
The collection of pedigrees in WWM/R193 suggests that he made a considerable effort to obtain and keep the pedigrees of the horses he purchased. Please see the transcription page for the original wording.
 
Note that "GSB", not otherwise qualified, refers to volume 1, 5th ed, 1891.
 

 
1. Badger Mare   R193/2
 
Grey Mare by Badger (Partner out of a Woodcock mare) - Almanzor (Son of Darley's Arabian) - full sister to Bay Bolton and Lamprey
 
Not in GSB, although her dam (or a sister) is, see p 22: ALMANZOR MARE (sister to Spinner), Bred by Mr OSBALDESTON, her dam a full sister to Bay Bolton, by Grey Hautboy; the sister to Spinner is noted as dam of 3 foals by Partner (sire of Badger) for Mr Osbaldeston.
Also see R193/37
 

 
2. Whitenose Colt   R193/3
 
Bay Colt by Whitenose, out of Steady, an unbroke gr m, by Steady (Son of Devonshire Childers out of a Grantham mare): the Steady mare came from Miss Egerton
 
It does not appear that this colt ever started for Lord Rockingham
Not in GSB, but see p 204, for probable sister:
Lord Portmore's 1754 gr f by Whitenose, out of STEADY MARE, Bred by Lord PORTMORE, in 1746, her dam by Crab, out of the (Egerton) Nanny, by the Pigot Turk.
 

 
3. Whitenose Colt   R193/3
R193/36?
 
Brown Colt by Whitenose, out of a fleabitten gr m by Lord Portmore's Crab - a light grey natural Barb mare given to Lord Portmore by the Duke of Marlborough and he had her near 20 years ago from the Earl of Harrington (R193/3)
by Whitenose, out of a daughter of Crab (R193/36)
 
Not in GSB, but probably a descendant of the Natural Barb Mare that was grandam of Lord Portmore's Tiney (1756 gr c) and dam of the MARLBOROUGH MARE (dam of Warwickshire Wag); see GSB p 123.
 

 
4. Oroonoko Colt, half brother to Brilliant
Chesnut Colt, [foaled 1753]
14 Nov 1754 (Portmore, London)
2 Nov 1754, list sold by Lord Portmore to Lord Rockingham
R193/3
R193/35
R193/36
 
Chestnut Colt by Oroonoko - Godolphin Arabian - Coke's dun m by the Bald galloway - Akaster Turk (sire of Chanter); this colt's dam also dam of Mr Crofts' Brilliant, 1754 (R193/3)
by Oroonoko; dam out of the late Ed Cokes Dun mare, called Silverlocks, by the Bald Galloway; out of a daughter of the Akaster Turk (R193/35)
by Oroonoko, out of the Dun Godolphin Arabian Mare (dam of Crofts Brilliant) (R193/36)
 
This colt may have raced as a 5 year old in August 1758 as Osmar (his pedigree given as got by Oroonoko) when he ran 4th of 5 starters in the Great Sweepstakes of 500gs at York. In October 1758, Lord Rockinghams' Brilliant, won the Noblemens Subscription of 300gs for 5 year olds. He was identified in the matches to come in both Pond and Heber as by Oroonoko, out of the dam of Brilliant. In October 1759, Lord Rockingham's chesnut horse, Young Brilliant, got by Oroonoko lost a match for 300gs at Newmarket to Mr Shaftoe's Alcides; Lord Rockingham's Young Brilliant started twice more in 1760 without winning.

In GSB, p 93, a colt of the same age and breeding is identified as the Duke of Northumberland's. In Pond 1756 there is a list of the horses entered, "then rising 6 year olds" in a Sweepstakes Match for 3000gs at Newmarket Easter Week of 1759; this list includes "The Right Hon the Earl of Northumberland's Colt, got by Oroonoko, out of Brilliant's Dam." Heber 1756 has the same list and describes the entrants as "now 3 years old". It is not known if there was some arrangement by which Lord Northumberland could engage Lord Rockingham's colt in such a match; in any case, the colt entered by Lord Northumberland did not start.

GSB, p 183: SILVERLOCKS, Bred by Mr AYSCOUGH, in 1725, got by the Bald Galloway - Akaster Turk - Leedes - Spanker; she is also shown on p 1 as produce of the AKASTER TURK MARE (sister to Chaunter) and dam of Roxana. The pedigree in GSB follows Cheny (see his Racing Calendars for 1745 & 1746) where the pedigree of Silver-locks was given as got by the Bald Galloway, her dam by the Akaster Turk (Sire of Chanter), her grand dam by Leeds, her great grand dam by Spanker; however, Cheny did not go so far as to say that Silverlocks and Roxana were sisters. As noted in R193/35 some 10 years later, there appears to have been doubt that the pedigree of Silverlocks extended beyond her dam by the Akaster Turk.

Silver Locks was a broodmare in Lord Godolphin's Stud (see C M Prior, The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, 1935). Her foals recorded there were:
1734, a bay colt by Whitefoot - given to Rd Boys in 1738
1735, a bay colt by Whitefoot - Mr Edward Salter had this Colt in 1739
1737, a bay filly by Whitefoot - sold to Mr Poole in 1740
1738, a dun filly by the [Godolphin] Arabian - sold to Mr Huske in 1743 and dam to Mr Crofts Dun Colt yt won Ipswich King's Plate, and Huntington 4 year old, and Newmarket 4 year old Plates in 1745 [should be 1754], and was called Brilliant, by Crab
1739, a dun filly by the Arabian - put into ye Stud, and sold to Mr Popham ye 18th Decr, 1748 in foale by Dormouse Brother [she had 3 foals before being sold: 1745 b c by Hobgoblin, 1747 b c by Snip, 1748 b f by Snip]
1740, a dun colt, by Saucebox - sold to James Larkin in 1744
1741, a dun filly by the Arabian - sold to James Larkin in 1744
1742, a dun colt call'd Buffcoat - he was taken bad with ye wind Collick ye 13th August, 1754, and dyed ye 14th, 20 Minutes before Elleven o'Clock

There is no pedigree given for Silverlocks in Lord Godolphin's records, but the pedigree of her daughter the Dun Mare was given as "got by my Lord's Arabian, her dam, by ye Bald galloway, her grandam by ye Acaster Turk, & out of a mare that Sr Willm Lowther vallued much."

Lord Godolphin's stud-book had been kept originally by or for Mr Edward Coke, the records passing to Lord Godolphin when the horses did. The pedigree given for Roxana there is "got By ye Bald galloway, Her dam by Ld Carlisle's white Turk. Her gr dam was Sir Willm Strickland's Old Blunder mare." If Roxana and Silverlocks were indeed, full sisters, it seems odd that there is no comment to that effect.
 

 
 5. Selima Bay Mare, [foaled 1750] Certificate & Pedigree
from W Osbaldeston,
dated 9 Aug 1755
R193/4
R193/37
 
Bay Mare by Bajazet; dam by Bloody Buttocks; grandam by Almanzor; g grandam (own sister to Bay Bolton and Lamprey) by Sir William Strickland's Hautboy; g g grandam by Makeless; g g g grandam (dam of Ocklam Merlin, and grandam to [Terror]) by Brimmer; g g g g grandam by Diamond; g g g g g grandam full sister to Old Merlin's dam
 
Not in GSB, although her grandam (or a sister) is, see p 22: ALMANZOR MARE (sister to Spinner), Bred by Mr OSBALDESTON, her dam a full sister to Bay Bolton, by Grey Hautboy.
and p 10: Mr Osbaldeston's, of Hunmanby, b f by Almanzor, out of GREY HAUTBOY MARE (sister to Bay Bolton), Bred by Sir M PIERSON, her dam by Makeless - Brimmer - Diamond - sister to Old Merlin, by Bustler.

Also NOTE:
Grey Hautboy was evidently also known as Sir Wm Strickland's Hautboy.
Identification of Ocklam [Acklem] Merlin's dam as the same as Terror's grandam, a mare by Brimmer - Diamond - full sister to Old Merlin's Dam. Based on the owners' names it seems likely that the Terror referred to was Sir W Strickland's by the Akaster Turk out of Mr Brewster's, formerly Sir M Pierson's "famous" (OLD) HAUTBOY MARE, dam also of Almanzor, Terror and Champion (GSB, p 11)
 

GSB, p 13

R193/37

GSB, p 11

 

Selima (1750 b m) by Bajazet

 

 

dam by Bloody Buttocks

 

 

grandam by Almanzor

 

 

sister to Bay Bolton & Lamprey, by [Grey] Hautboy

Sir W Strickland's Terror, by Akaster Turk

Sir M PIERSON's famous MAKELESS MARE (dam of Bay Bolton)

by Makeless

Mr Brewster's famous (OLD) HAUTBOY MARE, formerly Sir M Pierson's

dam by Brimmer

[Acklem Merlin's dam, & Terror's grandam] by Brimmer

 

grandam by Darcy's Diamond (son of the Helmsley Turk)

by Diamond

 

a full sister to Old Merlin, by Bustler

full sister to old Merlin's dam

 

 

 
6. Old Worlock   R193/6
 
Old Worlock got by the Bald Galloway / Mr Metcalf
 
This appears to be related to (perhaps a corrupted version) of the pedigree in GSB
see p 219: WARLOCK GALLOWAY, Got by Snake, out of Old Lady (sister to the Carlisle Gelding), by the Bald Galloway.
and p 15: OLD LADY (sister to The Carlisle Gelding), Bred by Lord CARLISLE, got by the Bald Galloway, her dam, The Wharton Mare, by the Carlisle Turk - Byerly Turk.
 

 
 7. Fair Star
Bay Mare [foaled 1733]
Pedigree from Byram,
23 Oct 1751; mare covered
in 1751 by old Starling
R193/7
 
Bay Mare by Lord Lonsdale's Bay Arabian - Bay Bolton - Darley Arabian - Byerley Turk - Taffolet Barb - Place's white Arabian - a natural Barb mare
 
GSB, p32: Fair Star, by The Lonsdale Bay Arabian, out of BAY BOLTON MARE (sister to Bonny Lass), Bred by Sir W RAMSDEN, her dam by Darley's Arabian - Byerly Turk - Taffolet Barb - Place's White Turk - Natural Barb Mare.

Fair Star produced for Lord Rockingham, a Colt by Cade (matched 1757, October Meeting, Newmarket)

 

 
 8. Sophy
Bay Filly [foaled 1748]
Pedigree from Byram,
23 Oct 1751
R193/7
 
Bay Filly by Cade, out of a full sister to Fair Star
 
Not in GSB

Sophy, produced for Lord Rockingham a chestnut colt by Tartar, about 1758, and as many as 3 brown colts by Sampson, engaged in various matches for Lord Rockingham, 1770-1773. Given the span of years she belonged to Lord Rockingham, this list is likely to be incomplete.

 

 
9. Young Greyhound Mare "about 15 years old" R193/8
 
Mare by young Greyhound, out of Doll, by Ld Darcy's Woodcock; her dam the Moonah Mare, by a Barb in that country (brought over in the same manner as the Royal African her brother; both were foaled at Hampton Court in the King's Stud)
 
GSB, p9: see under DOLL, this is probably the dam of Comet and Skewcap.
 

 
10. Babram Filly
Grey Filly [foaled 1752]
Agreement to hire to Lord Rockingham, dated at Weybridge [Lord Portmore] 30 Oct 1754 R193/10
 
Grey Filly by Babram - (Lord Portmore's) Spinner - (Lord Portmore's) Old Crab - Darley Arabian mare, owned by the late Earl of Essex and purchased from Esqr Draper, out of Drapers [Tituen] bred by Mr Thompson of Marston, out of Old Milkey, bred by old Mr Leeds; Spinner, by Old Almanzor, and out of a full sister to Bay Bolton and Lamprey
Not in GSB; see next.
 

 
11. Whitenose Filly
Grey Filly [foaled 1752]
Weybridge, 30 Oct 1754 R193/10
 
Grey Filly by Whitenose, out of the above daughter of Spinner
 
From the above document, it appears that a Spinner mare, probably belonging to Lord Portmore was dam of
1752 gr f by Babram
1754 gr f by Whitenose

The pedigree of the Whitenose filly appears to be almost the same as that for Miss Stamford

(1754) Whitenose filly, out of mare by Spinner - Old Crab - Darley's Arabian - [Tituen], bred by Mr Thompson of Marston - Old Milkey
Miss Stamford* by Whitenose, dam by Spinner - Crab - Darley's Arabian - Faustina, a daughter of Mr Thompson's Old Milkey (Introduction to a General Stud-Book, 1791, p 87; General Stud-Book, 1793, p 166)
* Pick says foaled "about the year 1754" (Turf Register, ii, 1805, p 260)
In addition, Pick's note about this Faustina (p 432) echoes the language of the document in Lord Rockingham's collection:
FAUSTINA, (great great grandam of Miss Stamford) was bred by Mr THOMPSON, of Marston, near York, and out of a mare called Old Milkey, who was a noted good runner.--Miss Stamford was a GREY mare,and not a chesnut, as stated in page 260 of this volume.
OLD MILKEY was bred by Mr LEEDES, of North-Milford, Yorkshire, and sold, when young, to Mr THOMPSON.

In the most recent edition of volume 1 of GSB (1891), the pedigree of Miss Stamford ends with Faustina. However, the entry for Mr Jenison's Faustina (p 85) implies that it is this Faustina who is ancestress of Miss Stamford, since her produce includes a f by the Darley Arabian (Mr Jennison's of Walworth) which "bred a f to Crab, which was the dam of a f by Spinner."
FAUSTINA, Bred by Mr CURWEN, in 1725, got by Hartley's Blind Horse, her dam by Blossom (son of the Curwen Bay Barb) - Pulleine's Arabian - Vintner Mare.

Of interest is that in the edition of the Newcastle Courant for July 21-23, 1712, the list of the Mares to run for the Queen's Plate at Hambleton included 2 mares called Milkey - Sir William St Quintin's bay mare, and Sir Ralph Milbank's grey mare.
 

 
 12. Badger Colt from [Mitch], Wakefield, 22 Apr 1752; labelled "Hitch's Mare" R193/11
 
Colt by Badger, out of a Mare got by Vavasour's Black Tom; grandam by Tifter, out of a mare descended from Lord Fairfax's Morocco Arabian
 
Not in GSB.
The Badger Colt is not known to have been raced by Lord Rockingham, so perhaps did not meet with his approval.
 

 
13. Son of Ruffler Mare from [Mitch], Wakefield, 22 Apr 1752; labelled "Hitch's Mare" R193/11
 
Mare by a Son of Ruffler, out of the dam of the above colt; in foal to Regulus
 
Not in GSB
In 1756, Lord Rockingham raced a grey filly by Regulus whose dam was not noted; perhaps her dam was this mare by a Son of Ruffler.
 

 
14. Roan Gelding from H. Witham; labelled "Huntress / The Roan Gelding's full sister" R193/16
 
Gelding by a Country Stallion known as Robert Rowley's Roan Horse, out of a mare belonging to Mr Wilson; she had a good deal of blood
 
Probably not considered Thoroughbred; not in GSB.
 

 
15. Bay Mare
8 years old
from H. Witham; labelled "Huntress / The Roan Gelding's full sister" R193/16
 
Mare by the same Robert Rowley's Roan Horse, out of the own sister to the dam of Lord Rockingham's gelding
 
Probably not considered Thoroughbred; not in GSB.

In April 1754, "the Marquiss of Rockingham's Bay Filly, got by a foreign Horse of his Lordships, and out of a Hunting Mare" forfeited a Match against the Marquiss of Hartington's Bay Colt, full Brother to Hector (Heber 1753; Pond 1752, & 1753). Perhaps her dam was the mare called "Huntress."

 

 
 16. Another Mare from H. Witham; labelled "Huntress / The Roan Gelding's full sister" R193/16
 
Mare by a Coach Horse, out of the dam of the Roan Gelding
 
Probably not considered Thoroughbred; not in GSB.
 

 
17. Blaze Printed advertisement dated 1 Apr 1749, Beverley R193/18
 
Blaze, bred by Mr Panton and got by the Devonshire Childers, out of the Confederate Filly, by Grantham; her dam by the late Duke of Rutland's black Barb, out of a mare called Bright's Roan, bred by Mr Leedes, and got by his Turk, which got Bay Leeds; her dam by Willoughby; grandam by Dodsworth, out of the famous running Roan Mare of Sir Christopher Wivill's
 
GSB, p 62: Mr Panton's Blaze (1733 b c) by Childers, out of CONFEDERATE FILLY, Got by Grey Grantham (son of Brownlow Turk) - Duke of Rutland's Black Barb - Bright's Roan, bred by Mr Leedes and said to be got by the Arabian, sire of Leedes.

NOTE the extension of the pedigree for Blaze.
It is tempting to speculate that Sir Christopher Wivill's "famous running Roan Mare" was an ancestor of the "famous roan mare of Sr Mar: Wyvill's" recorded by Cuthbert Routh as the great grandam of Childers (C M Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1924, p28).

2 other pedigrees which mention "Willoughby" are
(1) 1748 b c by Regulus - Lord Lonsdale's Bay Arabain - Snake - Duke of Rutland's Grey Turk - Hautboy - Bustler - the Willoughby Barb - a mare brought from Bolton Castle in the Time of the Grand Rebellion (see R193/64)
(2) Mr DYER's DIMPLE, bred by Mr LEEDES, and got by his Arabian, (sire of Leedes); his dam, Old Sophonisba, by Spanker; grandam by Dodsworth, out of Lord Willoughby's Barb Mare (W Pick, Turf Register, i, 48).
 

 
18. Regulus Colt
Bay Colt [foaled 1755]
from William Thornton, 28 Aug 1759, York R193/20
 
Colt by Regulus; dam by Sedbury; grandam by Goliah
 
Not in GSB; not identified
In 1760, Lord Rockingham's bay colt, by Regulus, out of a daughter of Sedbury (see Heber 1759, future matches, for pedigree) forfeited a Match Easter-Week at Newmarket.
 

 
19. Bellina
Bay Filly [foaled 1747]
from Gabriel Hanger, Dryffield, 17 Jun 1752
mentions a full sister (by Second) & other fillies out of Mr Hangar's brown mare by Stanyan's Arabian; one by Marksman, & 3 by Whitefoot, sold to Lord Leigh
R193/21
R193/50
 
Mare by Second, out of a brown mare by Stanyan's Arabian at Hampton Court; Gipsey, bred by Sir Ralph Milbank, and got by King William's Black barb without a Tongue; out of Sir Ralph's black mare bred by Mr Darcy, and got by Makeless, out of one of his best Royal Mares (R193/21)
Mare by Second; out of the dam of Lord Leigh's Molly and Diana, bred at Hampton Court, got by Stanyer's Arabian; her dam by the Black tongueless Barb of King William's; g grandam Sir Ralph Milbanke's Gipsy (dam of Hartley's Blind Horse, and Drogheda's Othello), by Makeless. In foal to old Starling (R193/50)
 
See GSB, p 200
STANYAN'S ARABIAN MARE, Bred by Mr HANGER, her dam, Gipsey, by King William's Barb-without-a-tongue, out of Sir R Milbanke's Makeless Mare, which was the dam of Hartley's Blind Horse.

Also see Charming Molly & Diana.

Produce of the Stanyan's Arabian Mare, as given by Mr Hanger (see R193/21) differs from the list in GSB:
1740  br f  Diana, by Whitefoot  ...  Lord Leigh
1742  br f  Charming Molly, by Whitefoot  ...  Lord Leigh
         br f by Whitefoot  ...  sold from Lord Leigh's Stud to Lord Eglinton, Jan 1749; later Sir James Lowther's
1747  [b] f by Second ... probably Lord Rockingham's Bellina
1748  br f by Second
1749      f by Marksman

If the resulting foal mentioned in R193/50 was Pretty Polly, the date of this certificate would have been about 1750 or early 1751; and indicate that Bellina was foaled in 1747.

Also NOTE the ambiguous reference which may indicate that Lord Drogheda's Othello (son of Greyhound) was out of Sir Ralph Milbank's Makeless Mare.

 

 
20. Spider Leggs
Bay Mare
Dam of Peirson's Horse
Spider Leggs, & her dau Mopsy; from Antho: Pearson, Staindrop, 10 Jun 1752
R193/23
R193/24
 
Mare by Partner; dam by old Greyhound; grandam by Makeless, g grandam by Counsellor; g g grandam by Brimmer, out of a mare of Mr Scurfield's, formerly a breeder in Yorkshire (R193/23)
Mare by Partner; dam by Greyhound; grandam by Makeless; g grandam by Counsellor; g g grandam by Brimmer (R193/24)
 
Lord Rockingham matched a bay colt Codge or Cadge, "got by Lord Cullen's Arabian, out of Spider-leggs" at Newmarket , Easter Week 1759 (Heber 1758) (received Forfeit).

Pearson's Partner Mare (Spider Leggs)
1745  ch c  Little Partner, by Forester
1747  b f  Mopsey, by Forester (had foal by Traveller 1752, and Filly by Squirt ~1756)
1748  ch f  Smiling Molly, by ditto
1752                  by Snip
1756c  b c  (Lord Rockingham's) Codge or Cadge, by the Cullen Arabian

See GSB, p153: PARTNER MARE, Bred by Mr CROFTS, her dam (foaled 1722) by Greyhound - Bay Farewell, by Makeless / (BAY) FAREWELL, Bred by Mr CROFTS, got by Makeless - Counsellor - sister to Old Thornton - Brimmer - Dicky Peirson - Burton Barb Mare
also
could be Family 4
Pick, Turf Register, i, 1803) LITTLE PARTNER was got by Mr Crofts's Forester; his dam by Partner; grandam by Greyhound, Makeless, Counsellor, Brimmer, out of a favourite Mare of Mr Scorfield's.

 

GSB, p114, p 4

R193/24

Pick, Turf Register, i, p 108

GSB, p 153

 

 

[Pearson's] Little Partner, by Crofts's Forester

Mr A Pearson of Staindrop; his Little Partner (1745 ch c) by Forester

filly by Partner

Mr Pearson's Partner Mare [Spider Leggs]

dam by Partner

PARTNER MARE

(1720) mare by Greyhound

dam by Greyhound

grandam by Greyhound

(1722) mare by Greyhound

Chesnut Layton (1707), by Makeless

grandam by Makeless

by Makeless

Bay Farewell, by Makeless

Bay Layton, by Darcy's Counsellor

g grandam by Counsellor

by Counsellor

by Counsellor

BRIMMER MARE

g g grandam by Brimmer

by Brimmer

sister to Old Thornton, by Brimmer

Trumpet's dam, by Place's White Turk

 

a favourite Mare of Mr Scorfield's

by Dicky Peirson

by Dodsworth

 

 

a Burton Barb Mare

Layton Barb mare

 

 

 

 

 
21. Mopsy
Bay Filly [foaled 1747]
from Antho: Pearson, Staindrop, 10 Jun 1752 R193/24
 
Mare by Forester; dam by Partner; grandam by Greyhound; g grandam by Makeless; g g grandam by Counsellor; g g g grandam by Brimmer
 
Not in GSB.
Lord Rockingham matched a dark chesnut filly, "got by Squirt, out of the Forester Mare, Mopsey" at Newmarket 2nd Meeting 1760, which match seems not to have been run; races for a filly got by Squirt (won a Match in October at Newmarket) and a chesnut filly got by Squirt (lost a Match in October at Newmarket) were run in 1760 - one or both of these races may have been by the Squirt filly, out of Mopsey.

Produce of Mopsy
1752     by Traveller
1756c  dk ch f by Squirt
 

 
22. 1752 Foal from Antho: Pearson, Staindrop, 10 Jun 1752 R193/24
 
Foal by Traveller [out of the Forester Mare]
 
Not identified. See above.
 

 
23. 1752 Foal from Antho: Pearson, Staindrop, 10 Jun 1752 R193/24
 
Foal by Snip [out of the Partner Mare]
 
Not identified. See above.
 
 

24. Bay Colt, 3 years old Price 150 gs R193/25
 
Colt by Cade out of a Sister to the Ancaster Starling
 
See GSB p 138: Mr Cornforth's Miss Starling and Miss Starling Jr both had Colts by Cade in 1756; Miss Starling Jr is credited with a filly by Cade in 1757.
 

 
25. Bay Colt, 2 years old Price 150 gs R193/25
 
Colt by Cade out of a Sister to the Ancaster Starling
 
See GSB p 138: Mr Cornforth's Miss Starling and Miss Starling Jr both had Colts by Cade in 1756; Miss Starling Jr is credited with a filly by Cade in 1757.
 

 
26. Grey Colt, 2 years old Price 100 gs R193/25
 
Colt by Cade, out of Madam
 
See GSB, p 121. Madam has 7 foals listed for Mr Cornforth; including colts by Cade in 1752 and 1754, and gr c Twig, in 1757
 

 
27. Basheba
Brown (or Bay) Mare [foaled 1748]
from David Newcomb, 24 Dec 1754
for sale in [1759?] with colt at foot by the "Brother to Tarquin" & covered again by the same
R193/27
R193/53
 
Mare by Ld Cullen's Arabian; dam (a chesnut mare) sold to Charles Sedley, said to be a daughter of Partner, and once to have belonged to Lord Weymouth, running in his possession (R193/27)
A Bay Mare by the Cullen Arabian; her dam a Brood Mare of Sir Charles Sedley's (her pedigree not ascertained); a fine Colt foal at foot got by the Brother to Tarquin [Lord Rockingham's Godolphin Hunter] and covered again by the same horse (R193/53)
 
Basheba had a colt by the Godolphin Hunter (named for the 1200gs at Newmarket, Easter Week 1764) (Heber 1763), possibly the same or a brother to the foal mentioned in the sales list (R193/53)
(see R193/34a for Godolphin Hunter, a brother to Tarquin)

Basheba and her dam are not identified, and probably not in GSB.

The only chesnut mare found to have been raced by Lord Viscount Weymouth from the Racing Calendars, was Jenny-come-tye-me in 1735; however, she was the 1729 "Chesnt mare, gott by Childers, and out of Northern Nanny", sold by Cuthbert Routh to Lord Portmore, October 1734; she won the King's Plates at Hambleton in 1734, and Lewes and Winchester in 1735. (Early Records..., pp 33, 43; Cheny 1735, p50)
 

 
 28. Old Lonsdale
Brown Mare [foaled 1725]
from Byram, 23 Oct 1751 R193/28
 
Mare by the Lowther Bay Arabian; dam by the bay Barb; grandam by the black Barb, out of the younger of the 2 Royal Mares bought of Mr D'Arcy, by the first Lord Lonsdale
 
Not in GSB; 2 similar pedigrees are
1 (ad for dispersal of the Bilton stud, Heber 1758): A Grey Mare, called Spider, bred by the late Lord Lonsdale, and own Sister to his famous Horse Spider; she was got by his Lordship's Bay Arabian, her Dam by Mr. Hutton's Coneyskins, her Grand Dam by Lowther Bay Barb, and her Great Grand Dam by Dodsworth, out of a Mare bought of Mr. Darcy, which was a Daughter of Spanker.
2 (pedigree of Lonsdale, in Fairfax Harrison, Early American Turf Stock 1730-1830, Volume One Mares, 1934, p134): "Lonsdale was got by Jolly [sic]: out of a mare bought of Sir John Ramsden, bart, late Ld Lonsdale's; she was got by Monkey: her dam by Ld Lonsdale's Black Arabian: Ld Lonsdale's Bay Arabian: Coneyskins: Dodsworth: out of the younger of the two Royal Mares bought of Mr Darcy by the first Ld Lonsdale. Mr Darcy was Master of the Horse to King William. / Charles City Co, Va, March 27, 1777 / John Byrd."

R193/28

Bilton dispersal (Heber 1758)

EATS, Mares, 1934; p134

 

 

a mare bought of Sir John Ramsden, bart, late Ld Lonsdale's; she was got by Monkey

 

 

her dam by Ld Lonsdale's Black Arabian:

Old Lonsdale (1725 br m) by the Lowther Bay Arabian

A Grey Mare, called Spider, bred by the late Lord Lonsdale, and own Sister to his famous Horse Spider; she was got by his Lordship's Bay Arabian

Ld Lonsdale's Bay Arabian:

 

her Dam by Mr. Hutton's Coneyskins

Coneyskins:

dam by the bay Barb

her Grand Dam by Lowther Bay Barb

 

grandam by the black Barb

and her Great Grand Dam by Dodsworth

Dodsworth:

the younger of the 2 Royal Mares bought of Mr D'Arcy, by the first Lord Lonsdale

out of a Mare bought of Mr. Darcy, which was a Daughter of Spanker

out of the younger of the two Royal Mares bought of Mr Darcy by the first Ld Lonsdale

 

 
29. Diana
Black Mare
from Wilberfoss Read, Grimsthorp, 29 Jun 1751 R193/29
 
Mare by Bolton Starling; dam [Read's old mare Lady?] by Royal; grandam by Merlin; g grandam by Merlin; g g grandam by Akaster Turk; g g g grandam by young Infant.
 
Not in GSB; but her dam also the dam of JACK-COME-TICKLE-ME, Mr Read's, 1737, whose pedigree in GSB (p 381) is given as by a son of the Thoulouse Barb - Old Royal - Old Merlin.

Lord Rockingham's colt got by Sampson out of a "half sister to Jack come Tickle me" was engaged in a Match at Newmarket, the 2nd Spring Meeting, 1758 (Heber 1757).

 

 
30. Scampston Swallow
Black Colt [foaled 1750]
from Will: St Quintin, Scampston, 16 Sep 1752 R193/30
R193/48
 
Colt by Sloe, out of a daughter of Starling (R193/30)
The dam of the black colt by Sloe, and the bay colt by Tartar, was got by Leeds's Starling; her dam [Selima] by Bethel's Arabian; her grandam by Gream's Champion; her g grandam by Darley's Arabian; her g g grandam by old Merlin (R193/48)
 
Not in GSB.
 

 
31. Bay Colt, foaled 4 Apr 1747 [Godolphin Hunter]1 Taken from Brown's copy of Sir M: Wyvill's Stud Book R193/34a
R193/49
 

Pedigree of the Spectacle Mare - dam of Tarquin - Hill Forsters now Sr Ralph Gores Stallion and also dam of my Godolphin Hunter
The Spectacle Mare - was got by ye Scarborough Colt - her dam by the Pelham Tifter (Sire also of ye Garnet Mare) - her G: dam (the Snake Mare) was got by Old Tifter, her gt: G: dam by Snake Gt: Gt: G: dam by Pooley's Diamond, her gt: gt: gt: g: dam by Hautboy, her Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Bustler, her Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: Gt: G: dam by Old Woodcock out of one of Sr Jonathan Jenning's Mares; which Mare was of the Royal Kind at Sedbury. (R193/34a)

Tifter was bred by Sir ... Parsons and got by the Thoulouse Barb (sire of Bagpipe and the Panton Molly's dam); Tifter's dam (according to Lord Godolphin) a sister in blood to Leeds; Tifter's dam (according to Mr Crofts) got by Counsellor; grandam by Brimmer; g grandam by Dickey Pearson (Son of Old Dodsworth); g g grandam a Burton Barb Mare
The Scarborough Mare got by Makeless; her dam (a mare of Sir Marmaduke Wyvill's father's called Thisbe) by Brimmer
Belgrade the 2d got by the Belgrade Turk; his dam by Bay Bolton, [out of the Scarborough Mare]
Makeless was got by General Oglethorpe's Arabian; dam by Lord D'Arcy's Yellow Turk; out of a natural Barb Mare which Sir Jno Lawson (a Sea Admiral) bought from Barbary and gave to King Charles, who gave her to Lord d'Arcy (R193/49)

 

Sir Marmaduke Wyvill had 3 mares which appear in the records of Lord Godolphin's Stud as reproduced in C M Prior's The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, 1935. Two were identified as Volunteer's Sister, and Bashaw's Sister. The third mare is listed only as Sir M Wyvill's Mare. She had the following produce in the Godolphin Stud.
1745: April ye 24th. A Bay Colt Fole, no white, by the [Godolphin] Arabian -- Sold to Mr Greevill in Nov: 1748, called Swiftsure2
1746: April ye 10th. A Bay Colt Foale, by the Arabian -- This Colt's Dam was sent to Sir M: Duke's in October, 1746 in Fole, which Fole return'd Here in Sep: 1748, in exchange for ye above Colt being then two year old: ye younger Brother which was Brought from Sir M: Duke's My Lord sold to Mr Popham, and taken from Hence ye 11th February, 1749/50
1747: A Bay Colt Foale, by the Arabian -- This Colt sold to Mr Popham, 11th Feb., 1749

The above pedigree of the Spectacle Mare, appears to be that of the 3rd mare of Sir Marmaduke's, which was bred to the Godolphin Arabian; her produce there being Tarquin, Lord Rockingham's Godolphin Hunter, and another horse, which probably was in Ireland at some point, given that both Hill Forster and Sir Ralph Gore raced there.

NOTE the pedigree given for Makeless. GSB, p382 says MAKELESS, by the Oglethorpe Arabian; and p389, OGLETHORPE ARABIAN (sire of Makeless). This may be the horse described as Mr Oglethorpe’s son of the Yellow Turk.
Based on the above pedigree in Lord Rockingham’s collection, it seems more likely that “Mr Oglethorpe’s son of the Yellow Turk” was a brother to the dam of Makeless.

Also NOTE that Lord Godolphin and Mr Crofts had different information about the dam of Tifter.

1The pedigree recorded in this document, by or for Lord Rockingham, is that of the Spectacle Mare, but the "label" indicates that the pedigree is of interest because of the bay colt foaled in 1747. Lord Godolphin's records correspond nicely with Lord Rockingham's list of the produce of the Spectacle Mare, and where the Godolphin record provides only the foaling year of the 3rd colt, Lord Rockingham gives an exact date, for his colt, the Godolphin Hunter.
2This is the horse later known as Tarquin as may be seen from Heber 1751 (matches to be run at the Newmarket Spring Meeting 1752): "Duke of Ancaster's b h Tarquin (late Fulk Grevill's Swiftsure) 6yo, by the Godolphin Arabian vs Mr Josiah Marshall's ch h Little Driver, aged, by Driver."
 

 
32. The old Egerton Mare 2 Nov 1754, list sold by Lord Portmore to Lord Rockingham R193/36
 
Not identified
 
Possibly one of the mares mentioned in R193/3, the unbroke Steady Mare "which came from Miss Egerton", or even her dam (Egerton) Nanny.
 

 
33. Ruby or the Ruby Mare 2 Nov 1754, list sold by Lord Portmore to Lord Rockingham R193/36
 
[the Ruby Mare] own Sister to the dam of Martin
got by old Crab; her dam Abigail, got by [Young?] Greyhound, out of Routh's Worlock (dam of Greville's Fox Cub, &c)
 
Not in GSB; her sister (Martin's dam, by Crab) is; p 219
Mr Routh's 1735 ch f Trumpery (aft Lord Portmore's Abigail)*, by Young Greyhound, out of WARLOCK GALLOWAY, Got by Snake, out of Old Lady (sister to the Carlisle Gelding), by the Bald Galloway.
*ABIGAIL (Sir C Sedley's) produced a filly by Panton's Crab, dam, in 1748, of gr c Martin, by Cade, and in 1754, ch f Modesty, by Cade.

Lord Rockingham may have started the resulting foal at Newmarket in October 1759. His brown colt got by Whitenose, out of a daughter of Crab (Heber 1758) was beaten in a Match for 300gs by the Duke of Devonshire's Chesnut Mare (Heber 1759).
 

 
34. Whitenose
a Mare
2 Nov 1754, list sold by Lord Portmore to Lord Rockingham
her produce by the Cullen "Foreigner" already sold
the mare loaned to Lord Rockingham for the year 1755
R193/36
 
Mare by a Son of Quiet, out of a daughter of Conyers Arabian
 
Not in GSB.
 

 
35. [Godolphin Colt]
Bay Colt [foaled 1753]
from Lord Godolphin, London, 10 Apr 1755 R193/38
 
Colt by my Arabian, out of the Sister to Volunteer
 
As noted below (see R193/62) it looks as if Lord Rockingham owned colts out of 2 different sisters to Volunteer. One mare's career as a broodmare is documented in the records of Lord Godolphin's stud as reproduced in Prior's The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, 1935. Her first 2 foals by the Godolphin Arabian are noted as Sir M: Wyvill's; 2 more foals were recorded before a note of her sale to the Duke of Cumberland in March 1754. This appears to be the mare on p3 of GSB, where her 1754 produce by the Godolphin Arabian is noted as Miss Windsor.

The 1753 bay colt appears in the Lord Godolphin's records with the note "...sold to Ld Rockingham, 13th April, 1755."

Lord Rockingham engaged this colt in Matches in 1758 and 1759, but he appears to have started only in April 1759 at Newmarket in a Sweepstakes Match for 3000gs (one 4 mile Heat over the Beacon Course), when he placed 2d of 6 entries. His pedigree was variously given as by Oroonoko, out of Volunteer's sister (Heber 1759); by Lord Godolphin's late Arabian, out of Volunteer's Sister (Heber 1758, matches to come) and as by the Godolphin Arabian out of Valentine's sister (Pond 1757, matches to come). After his brief turf career, this colt seems to have retired to Lord Rockingham's Stud, where he was known as the Godolphin Colt.

See GSB, p4: Marquis of Rockingham's 1754 c The Godolphin Colt, by [the Godolphin Arabian], out of Y BELGRADE MARE (another sister to Volunteer).
The lists of the produce of the sisters of Volunteer need revision, (see R193/62).

 

 
36. Brown Mare Chatsworth inventory, 9 Nov 1764
bought of Lord Rockingham came into the stud in 1762; had a b c by Matchless in 1763, & covered by Hector 2 May 1764.
R193/39
 
Pedigree not given
 
Lord Rockingham's Mare not identified.

The other horses in this inventory mostly correspond with what is already entered in GSB. Of note are the foaling years for the sisters Polly (1744) and Mawkin (1748), by Lath out of (Old) Polly.

Polly 1744 f out of Old Polly and got by Lath
    1764  bl c by Matchless
    covered by Hermit 15 May 1764; supposed to be in foal
GSB p 157: POLLY (Young or Devonshire), Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, got by Lath, out of the preceding mare [POLLY (Old)].

Mawkin 1748 full sister to Polly
    1763  ch f by Shepards Horse
    1764  b f by Hermit [GSB says ch c]
    covered by Feather 23 May 1764; supposed to be in foal
GSB p 124: MAWKIN, Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, got by Lath, her dam, Old Polly, by Flying Childers - Makeless - sister to Honeycomb Punch.

Gipsey 1749 out of the Basto Mare, and got by Lath [GSB says 1745]
    covered by Feather 18 Apr 1764; supposed to be in foal
GSB p 91: GIPSEY, Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1745, got by Lath, her dam, Bay Basto, by Flyhing Childers, out of sister to Soreheels, by Basto - Partner's dam.

Crazy 1747 full sister to Gipsey [GSB says 1746]
    1759    f  Molly, by Shepards Horse
    1762  b f by Shepards Horse
    1763  b c by Shepards Horse
    covered by Hermit 10 May 1764; supposed to be in foal
GSB p 69: CRAZY (bay) (Devonshire), Bred by the Marquis of HARTINGTON, in 1746, got by Lath, her dam, Bay Basto, by Flying Childers - Basto Mare (sister to Soreheels).

Lady 1757 out of the Old Brown Basto Mare, got by Blank
    1762  b c by Spectator
    1763  b c by Spectator
    covered by Spectator 27 May 1764; supposed to be in foal
GSB p 60: Duke of Devonshire's 1757 br f Lady, by Blank, out of CHILDERS MARE (Brown Basto) - see below

Bess 1759 out of the Godolphin filley, got by Shephard's Horse
    1764  br f by Atlas
    covered by Matchless 9 Jun 1765; supposed to be in foal
GSB p 93: Duke of Devonshire's 1759 b f Bess, by Shepherd's Crab (bred a filly to Atlas in 1764), out of GODOLPHIN-ARABIAN MARE, Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1754, her dam, Brown Basto, by Flying Childers - sister to Soreheels, by Basto - Partner's dam.

Molly 1759 out of Crazy, got by Shepards Horse
    covered by Atlas 12 May 1764; supposed to be in foal
GSB p69: Duke of Devonshire's (1759 b f) Molly, by Shepherd's Crab out of CRAZY (see above)

Godolphin Filly [see Bess above]
1759     f  Bess, by Shephard's Horse
1763  b c by Shepards Horse [GSB, p93, says Spectator]
GSB p 93: see Bess above

Old Brown Basto Mare
             c  Hector, by
1757     f  Lady, by Blank
GSB p 59: CHILDERS MARE (Brown Basto), Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1738, sister to Bay Basto and Snip.

(Old) Polly, by Childers - a mare bought of Mr Crofts, got by Makeless, out of a full sister to Honeycomb Punch
1744     f  Polly, by Lath
1748     f  Mawkin, by Lath
GSB p 157: POLLY (Old), Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1725, got by Flying Childers, her dam by Makeless - sister to Honeycomb Punch, by the Taffolet Barb

the Bay Basto Mare, got by Childers - Basto - (Partner's dam) by Curwen's Barb
1747     f  Crazy, by Lath
1749     f  Gipsey, by Lath
GSB p 59: CHILDERS MARE (Bay Basto), Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1729, got by Flying Childers, her dam, sister to Soreheels, by Basto - Partner's dam.

Ęsop's sister
1762  bl f by Hector
GSB p 65: Duke of Devonshire's 1755 gr f by the Panton Arabian, out of CRAB MARE, Bred by the Duke of ANCASTER, her dam, Spinster, the Widdrington Mare, by Partner

dau of Duchess
1762  gr c by Spectator
GSB p 79: Duke of Devonshire's b f by Devonshire Chesnut Arabian (dam of c Sulphur, in 1762, by Spectator)

Duchess
1763  ch c by Shepards Horse (GSB says 1763 gr f Young Duchess, by Spectator [died Sep 27 1769])
GSB p 79: DUCHESS, Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1749, got by Lath, her dam, Y Miss Belvoir, by Flying Childers - Miss Belvoir, by Grey Grantham

Miss
1763  b f by Atlas
GSB p 127: Duke of Devonshire's 1757 ch f by Devonshire Chesnut Arabian, out of MISS, Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1742, got by Lath - Young Miss Belvoir, by Flying Childers - Miss Belvoir, by Grey Grantham. This (young) Miss, not named in GSB, is credited with 1762 br f by Matchless and 1763 b f by Atlas; mare said to have then been given to Admiral Saunders.

Fairy
1764  ch c by Blank (in GSB)
p 83: Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1754, got by Shepherd's Crab, out of Miss, by Lath - Childers - Miss Belvoir

[Irish] Mare
1764  b c by Blank
GSB p 65: CRAB MARE (sister to the foregoing), also known as the Duke of Devonshire's Irish Mare. The 1764 produce identified as Baber, which ran in Ireland.

Countess
1764  gr c by Feather
Probably the mare in GSB p 64: COUNTESS, Bred by the Duke of ANCASTER, in 1757, got by Blank, her dam, Fancy, by Crab - Spinster (the Widdrington Mare), by Partner -- had a 1761 gr f Dorinda, by Hector [suggesting the Duke of Devonshire connection], and 2 other foals (1770 & 1772) all 3 for the Duke of Ancaster.

[Wesel's] sister
1764  b f by Shepards Horse
GSB p 76: DAPHNE, Bred by Lord GODOLPHIN, in 1753, got by his Lordship's Arabian - Fox - Old Polly, by Childers - Makeless - sister to Honeycomb Punch

Atlas (p 377), Duke of Devonshire's, b h, 1752, by Babraham - Lord Halifax's Justice
Hermit (p 153) Mr Panton, 1752 b c by Crab out of PARTNER MARE, Foaled in 1735, her dam, Bonny Lass, by Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerly Turk - Taffolet Barb - Place's White Turk - Natural Barb Mare
Hector (p 60) Lord Hartington 1745 c by Lath out of CHILDERS MARE (Brown Basto), Bred by the Duke of DEVONSHIRE, in 1738, sister to Bay Basto and Snip.
 

 
37. Dove
Brown Filly
from James Shuttleworth, Forcett, 7 Sep 1760 R193/40
 
Filly by the Cullen Arabian; dam by (a Son of Bay Bolton and a daughter of Jigg); grandam by old Crab; g grandam by Bay Bolton; g g grandam by the Curwen bay Barb; g g g grandam by old Spot; g g g g grandam by the White-leg'd Barb
 
See GSB, p 79: DOVE, Bred by Mr FENWICK, got by the Cullen Arabian, out of Syphon's dam, by Patriot, Crab, etc
and
GSB, p 154: (Bolton) PATRIOT MARE, Her dam by Crab - sister to Sloven, by Bay Bolton - sister to Mixbury, by Curwen Bay Barb
 

 
38. Julietta
Bay Mare
J Ramsden, Byram, 18 Dec 1752 R193/41
R193/22?
 
Sister to Lord Lonsdale’s Juba, I sold to the Marquis of Rockingham, was got by Lord Lonsdale’s Bay Arabian, her Dam by Jigg, her Grand Dam was bred by Mr Curwen and got by his Bay Barb.
 
See GSB, p 118: LONSDALE BAY ARABIAN MARE (sister to Juba), Bred by Lord LONSDALE, her dam, Miss Jigg (sister to Partner), by Jigg - Curwen Bay Barb. Shown with 3 foals for Lord Rockingham: Lisette (1752 b f) by Regulus; (1754 c) by Dormouse, and (undated f) by Regulus.
 

 
39. Chesnut Colt [foaled 1758] from James Browne, Scarborough, 22 Apr 1760 R193/42
 
Colt by Regulus; dam by Broadbottom (own brother to Antelope); her dam (sister to Volunteer) by Young Belgrade; her dam by Bartlet's Childers; her dam by the Chesnut Turk; her dam by the Curwen Bay Barb; her dam by the Curwen Spot, out of a daughter of Old Woodcock
 
Not in GSB; see R193/62
 

 
40. Bay Colt [foaled 1758] from James Browne, Scarborough, 22 Apr 1760 R193/43
 
Colt by Regulus; dam by Hutton's Spot; grandam (Stately's dam) by the Hutton Black Legs; her dam by Bay Bolton; her dam by Coneyskins; her dam by the Hutton Grey Barb; her dam by the Byerley Turk, out of a daughter of Bustler
 
Not in GSB.
NOTE that Hutton's Stately (winner of the King's Plate for 5 year old mares at Hambleton in 1755) was a 1750 chesnut filly (not a bay colt, as stated in GSB, p 3). Her pedigree given while racing for Mr Hutton was "got by Mogul; her Dam by Hutton’s Black-legs, her Grandam by Bay Bolton, her Great Grandam by Coney Skins, her G G Grandam by Hutton’s grey Barb, her G G G Grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a Bustler Mare (Pond 1755, 1756; Heber 1756). The Earl of Portmore did race a 1750 bay colt, also named Stately; his pedigree was given as by Crab - Lath - Crab - Gypsey, a black Mare of the Earl of Portmore's, a well-bred daughter of Bay Bolton (Pond 1754)

It appears that the mare line developed in the Hutton stud, now generally referred to by the Bruce Lowe number 8, branched very early, with Mr Hutton's Byerly Turk Mare, having fillies by both Hutton's Royal Colt, and Hutton's Grey Barb; both branches produced descendants through the 1700's. See Family 8 Chart. Stately originated from one of these early branches, while Marsk's dam came from the other.
 

 
41. Countess
[a Mare]
from Leonard Hartley of Middleton Tyas
Countess had 4 fillies (2 sold the last spring); also has 3 more mares descended from old Flying Whig; Flying Whig had 10 foals, 6 fillies (surviving? since she had no colts); 2 kept as brood mares & later sold to Lord Godolphin, the Great & Little Hartley Mares
R193/44
R193/45
 
Countess bred by Leonard Hartley, got by Hartley's Blind Horse; her dam (also dam of Joseph Andrews) by Hip; grandam (also dam of Babram) by Hartley's Blind Horse; g grandam (Flying Whig) by the Woodstock Arabian; g g grandam by St Victor's Barb; g g g grandam by Old Grey Whynot (son of the Fenwick Barb)
Hartley's Blind Horse got by a Turk brought from Constantinople by Sir R Sutton when Ambassador for Queen Ann [so before 1714]; out of Sir Ralph Milbanke's black mare bought fromSedbury, got by Makeless; her dam by Old Royal
Hip bred by Mr Pelham and got by the Old Bay Barb; his dam by Listers Turk; out of a running mare of the Duke of Kingston's called Piping Peg
Woodstock Arabian of Williams's (sire of Flying Whig) also got Spider and Points
St Victor's Barb also sire of the Bald Galloway
Whynot famous both for racing and as a stallion
 
See GSB, p 64: COUNTESS, Bred by Mr HARTLEY, in 1737, got by his Blind Horse, her dam by Hip, out of the Large Hartley Mare, which was also by the Blind Horse; 7 of her offspring, all fillies, entered in GSB.

For Lord Rockingham Countess also produced a filly by Squirt. This filly was engaged in a Match for 300gs at Newmarket, Easter-Week, 1760, so probably foaled in 1756 and probably the same that paid Forfeit in 1761, with the note "dead".

NOTE: pedigree of Hip doesn’t correspond to that offered when the horse was advertised at Stud. See Family 23.

 

 
42. Mare from Will St Quintin, Scampston, 16 Sep 1752 R193/48
R193/55
 
Mare by Leeds's Starling; her dam by Bethel's Arabian; her grandam by Gream's Champion; her g grandam by Darley's Arabian; her g g grandam by old Merlin
 
mare by Starling, dam of (see also R193/30)
1750 bl c  Scampston Swallow, by Sloe
1752 b c by Tartar

See GSB, p 16: Lord Rockingham's filly (dam of a f by Tartar) by Starling, out of SALOME (OR SELIMA), Foaled in 1733, got by Bethel's Arabian - Graham's Champion - Darley Arabian - Merlin
 

 
43. Bay Colt [foaled 1752] from Will St Quintin, Scampston, 16 Sep 1752 R193/48
 
Colt by Tartar, out of the above mare
 
Probably a brother to the filly noted on p 16, GSB.

Lord Rockingham raced several horses and mares got by Tartar. By dates, the only one that might be this Tartar colt is Blakes, a Bay Colt, 8 st 7 lb, that lost a Match for 200gs to Lord Gower's Bay Colt, Pharoah, 9 st, in October 1757, over the 1st 2 miles of the Beacon Course at Newmarket (Heber 1757)
 

 
44. Selima her [the Starling Mare] dam called Selima I bought that Day also [Lord Rockingham]; from Will St Quintin, Scampston, 16 Sep 1752 R193/48
 
Mare by Bethel's Arabian - Gream's Champion - Darley's Arabian - old Merlin.
 
See GSB, p 16: SALOME (OR SELIMA), Foaled in 1733, got by Bethell's Arabian - Graham's Champion - Darley Arabian - Merlin; she is shown as dam of 2 fillies by Starling, owned by Lord Rockingham; the 1752 bl f has a broodmare entry on p201; the undated filly is mentioned on p 16 as dam of a f by Tartar. Since none of the produce of the mare shown on p 201 are attributed to Lord Rockingham, it seems likely that Lord Rockingham only owned one Starling Mare.

From Pond 1756, pp 217-219
To be SOLD,
The Entire Stud of Sir William St Quintin, Bart.

1. A BAY MARE, six Years old, got by Blaze; her Dam by Bethell's Arabian, her Grandam by Graeme's Champion, her Great Grandam by Darley's Arabian, her Great Great Grandam by Old Merlin. She has a Colt Foal at her Foot, got by Old Cade, and supposed to be with Foal by Regulus.
Champion was bred by Sir Matthew Pierson, and got by the late Sir William St Quintin's Harpham Arabian; the Sire of many noted Horses in his Time.

2. A black Mare, five Years old, got by Hutton's Spot; her Dam by Bethell's Arabian, her Grandam by Graeme's Champion, her Great Great [sic] Grandam by Darley's Arabian, her G G Grandam by Old Merlin, and supposed to be with Foal by Changling.

3. A Starling Mare, four Years old, got by the Duke of Bolton's Starling; her Dam by Bethell's Arabian, her Grandam by Graeme's Champion, her Great Grandam by Darley's Arabian, and her G G Grandam by Old Merlin. She has a Filly Foal at her Foot, got by Oroonoko, and supposed to be with Foal by Regulus.

4. A bay Mare, four Year old, got by Tartar; her Dam by the Duke of Bolton's Starling, her Grandam by Bethell's Arabian, her Great Grandam by Graeme's Champion, her Great Great Grandam by Darley's Arabian, her Great Great Great Grandam by Old Merlin. She has a Colt Foal at her Foot, got by Sampson, and supposed to be with Foal by Changling. Her Dam is now in the Marquis of Rockingham's Possession.

5. A grey Filly, got by Brown's Arabian, now in Ireland, out of a Starling Mare, in the Marquis of Rockingham's Possession, full Sister to the Starling Mare, No 3, three Years old. supposed to be with Foal by Mr Leed's Chub.

6. A bay Filly, three Years old, got by the Dun Barb at his Majesty's Stud; her Dam by Lord Cullen's Arabian, her Great [sic] Grandam by the Hampton-Court Childers, her Great Grandam by Governor Harrison's Arabian, her Great Great Grandam by the chesnut Arabian, her Great Great Great Grandam by Leeds, and her Great Great Great Great Grandam was a Barb Mare, called Old Sluggy, in his late Majesty's Stud at Hampton-Court, which was the Dam of Mr Croft's Greyhound, which Mare, Mr Marshall the late King's Stud-Master, brought from Barbary, which bay Filly is supposed to be with Foal by Regulus.

7. A brown Colt, out of the Blaze Mare, rising two Years old, got by Cade.

8. A bay Colt, rising two Years old, out of the black Mare, got by Lord Cullen's Arabian.

9. A chesnut Filly, out of the Starling Mare, rising two Years old, got by Sloe.

10. A brown Filly, rising two Years old, out of the Tartar Mare, got by Lord Cullen's Arabian.
The Dam of No 1, 2, and 3, (now in the Possession of the Marquis of Rockingham) was second for the mares Plate at Hambleton in the Year 1738, and in 1739 won the ninety Guineas at Lincoln.
For further Particulars enquire at Scampston, near Malton, where the Stud may be seen.
 

 
45. Mare   R193/50
 
Mare by Firetail (Son of Childers and the Commoner Mare), out of Slammerkin
 
See GSB, p 137-8: f by Firetail, out of MISS SLAMERKIN, Bred by Mr HONYWOOD, in 1729, got by Young True Blue, her dam by Lord Oxford's Dun Arabian, out of the Darcy Black-legged Royal Mare.
GSB, p 7: Mr Cotton's 1729 b c Firetail, by Flying Childers, out of COMMONER MARE, Dam by a son of Place's White Turk.
 

 
46. Grey Stallion, 11 years old   R193/50
 
Stallion by Old Partner, out of a full sister to Starling
 
See GSB, p 3: Duke of Bolton’s c Partner (Moore’s), by Partner, out of BAY BOLTON MARE (sister to Bolton Starling), Bred by the Duke of BOLTON, her dam by a son of the Brownlow Turk, out of Old Lady, by Pulleyne’s Arabian.
 

 
47. Bay Mare, 7 years old To be sold at Newmarket on the ...on the [last?] October meeting [1759?] the following High bred Brood Mare - Colt & Fillies R193/53
 
Mare by Starling; dam by Second; grandam (also the dam of Lord Leigh's Molly and Diana), by Stanyon's Arabian; g grandam Gipsy, bred by Sir Ralph Milbanke, and got by King William's Black Barb; Sir Ralph's black Makeless Mare (also dam of Hartley's Blind Horse), bred by Mr Darcy, out of one of the best Royal Mares
 
See GSB, p 158: PRETTY POLLY, Bred by Lord ROCKINGHAM, in 1751, got by Starling, her dam, Charming Molly (sister to Lord Leigh's Diana), by Second.

The entry in GSB differs from Pond 1755, p 161 (pedigrees of 4 year old horses). "Pretty Poll, three Years old, the Marquis of Rockingham's, was got by Starling; her Dam by Second, out of the Dam of Lord Leigh's Molly and Diana". In Heber 1755 & 1756, she appears as a "Bay Filly by Starling": she lost a Match for 1000gs against Lord March's grey filly, one mile over the Beacon Course at Newmarket, 3 October 1755, and paid forfeit in a Sweepstakes Match at Newmarket in April 1756.
 

 
48. Julietta (Josiah Child's)
Chesnut Mare (winner of many Hunters Plates)
To be sold at Newmarket on the ...on the [last?] October meeting [1759?] the following High bred Brood Mare - Colt & Fillies R193/53
 
Mare by the own Brother to the Bolton Fearnought, out of the famous Bald Charlotte. A filly at foot by the own Brother to Tarquin [Godolphin Hunter]
 
Not in GSB, but see Pond 1752; pedigrees of aged horses: JULIET, the Hon Josiah Child's, was got by a full Brother to Fearnought; she was out of Bald Charlotte, Daughter of Cast-away.
 

 
49. Mixbury
Bay Mare
Had a foal that died this year, now covered by a son of Cade (out of an own sister to Duncomb's Duchess)
Bay Filly [foaled 1752]
To be sold at Newmarket on the ...on the [last?] October meeting [1759?] the following High bred Brood Mare - Colt & Fillies
John Hutton, Marske, 29 Aug 1754
R193/53
R193/67
 
Mare by Regulus; dam by Mixbury; grandam by the Turk that got Hutton's Blacklegs; g grandam by Bay Bolton; g g grandam by Hutton's Coneyskins; g g g grandam by Hutton's Grey Barb; g g g g grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a Bustler Mare. Had a foal that died this year, now covered by a son of Cade (out of an own sister to Duncomb's Duchess) (R193/53)
by Regulus; her dam by Mixbury; her grandam by the Bay Turk that got my Blacklegs; her g grandam by Bay Bolton; her g g grandam by Coneyskins; her g g g grandam by the Hutton Grey Barb; her dam by Byerley Turk from a Bustler Mare (R193/67)
 
Probably in GSB, p 141: Lord Rockingham's 1752 b f by Regulus, out of MIXBURY MARE, Bred by Mr HUTTON, her dam by the Mulso Turk, otherwise Hutton's Bay Barb - Bay Bolton - Coneyskins - Grey Barb - Royal Colt - Byerly Turk - Bustler; NOTE that GSB adds a cross of the Royal Colt.
 

 
50. Whistlejacket
foaled 1 Apr 1749; sold to Sir William Middleton
Sweepstakes pedigree sent by Mr Hammond from Bolton R193/54
 
Colt by Mogul; dam by Sweepstakes; grandam by the Chesnut Arabian at Hampton Court; g grandam by Makeless; g g grandam, Penelope, by Brimmer; out of Trumpet's dam
Sweepstakes, got by Lord Oxford's Bloody-shoulder'd Arabian; his dam a white mare of Mr Snell's bred by Champion Dimmock, got by Mr Gaze's stallion; a mare that was sister to the dam of Brisk

GSB, p 206: Sir W Middleton’s 1749 ch c Whistlejacket, by Mogul, out of SWEEPSTAKES MARE, Foaled in 1736, her dam by the Hampton Court Ch. Arabian - sister to Brown Farewell, by Makeless - Brimmer - Place’s White Turk - Dodsworth - Layton Barb Mare.

NOTE the pedigree for the Bolton Sweepstakes. While Sweepstakes' Sire has been frequently noted to be the Oxford Bloody-shouldered Arabian, his dam has been something of a mystery. Cheny (1744 Racing Calendar index) commented that the Lister Turk was also the sire of the Grand-Dam of the Bolton Sweepstakes, but did not mention either his sire or dam. At the time the horse raced in 1728, Cheny noted that the Duke of Bolton's chesnut horse Sweep-Stakes was "bred by the late Mr Snell." Pick (in his Pedigrees and Performances of the most celebrated Race-Horses, published about 1785, and in volume 1 of his Turf Register, named only the Sire of Sweepstakes, as did the first few editions of GSB. The 1891 edition says that his dam was a filly by Basto out of the Curwen (or Pelham) Old SPOT Mare, Bred by Mr CURWEN, her dam by The White Legged Lowther Barb, out of the Vintner Mare.

On the other hand, a similar pedigree for the Bolton Sweepstakes was offered in an ad for his son Young Sweepstakes in the Dublin Journal (George Faulkner's) of April 25-28, 1747: "the Duke of Bolton's noted Sweep-Stakes... was got by Lord Oxford's Bloody-shouldered Arabian; his Dam by Gase's famous Stallion, out of a Mare that was full Sister to Brisk, who was got by Darlow's Arabian." It seems likely that the pedigree originating from the Duke of Bolton is correct, and that the Irish pedigree omitted the phrase "dam of" before "Brisk"; it also appears that there was some confusion about which Brisk was referred to. Lord Lonsdale's Brisk, raced in the Ladies' Plate for 5 year olds at York in August, 1716, and was said by Cheny, in 1747, to have been sired by the Darley Arabian. Lord Kingston's Brisk ran for a King's Plate at Newmarket in April 1719, so was probably about 2 or 3 years younger than Lord Lonsdale's Brisk; Cheny 1742 says that this Brisk was a son of the Lister Turk. No further information has yet been found about the dam of either of these Brisk's. As an aside, Sir Nathaniel Curzon's Brisk (gr h 1725) was sired by the Bloody-shoulder'd Arabian; given his name, perhaps his dam was closely related to, or the same as, the dam of the Bolton Sweepstakes.

Mr Gaze's "famous Stallion" has not been identified, but "Mr Gaze of Lincolnshire" was credited by Cheny (1743) with being the breeder of Lord Essex's Smiling Ball. Perhaps the sire of Smiling Ball (a son of Acklem Merlin bred by Sir Matthew Pearson) was Mr Gaze's stallion.

Also NOTE, in Whistlejacket’s dam-line, Penelope.

See GSB, p 4: BRIMMER MARE, Bred probably at Hampton Court, her dam by Place’s White Turk - Dodsworth - Layton Barb mare; this mare was dam of Brown Farewell and a sister by Makeles. Under her dam’s entry on p 14 there is a note that she was given to Mr Crofts by Queen Anne.

A mare named Penelope won the King’s Plate at Hambleton (C. M. Prior, The Royal Studs of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries, p 213). It seems likely that the two are the same.

 

 
51. Laura
Bay Filly [foaled 1757]
from Edward Leedes, Milford, 14 Nov 1760
exchanged with Lord Rockingham, for a Godolphin Arabian Mare which he [previously] had from Mr Leedes [see R193/60 for a candidate Godolphin Arabian Mare]
R193/59
 
Filly by Second; dam by Mogul; grandam by Sweepstakes; g grandam, sister to Sloven, by Bay Bolton
 
See GSB, p 179: the SECOND MARE, Bred by Mr LEEDES, her dam by Mogul – Sweepstakes (Bolton) – sister to Sloven, by Bay Bolton; (had a filly by Starling in 1757) may have been a sister to Lord Rockingham's Laura.
 

 
52. Bay [Leeds]
Colt, foaled 12 Apr 1752
bred by Mr Leedes
from Edward Leedes, 23 Oct 1752 R193/60
 
Colt by Starling; dam by Lord Godolphin's Arabian; grandam by Devonshire Childers; g grandam by True Blue; g g grandam by Cyprus, out of the late Duke of Rutland's Mare Bonny Black
 
See GSB, p 93: Lord Rockingham’s 1752 b c by Starling, out of GODOLPHIN-ARABIAN [MARE] (sister to Amelia), Bred by Mr CROFTS, her dam by Flying Childers – Y True Blue – Cyprus Arabian – Bonny Black.
 

 
53. Cade Colt
Bay Colt, foaled 19 May 1756
bred by Mr Browne
from James Browne, Scarboro, 3 Mar 1760 R193/62
 
Colt by Old Cade; dam (sister to Volunteer), by Young Belgrade; grandam by Bartlet's Childers; g grandam by the Duke of Devonshire's Chesnut Turk; g g grandam by the Curwen Bay Barb; g g g grandam by the Curwen Spot, out of a daughter of Old Woodcock
 
See GSB, p 4: Marquis of Rockingham's 1756 b c by Cade, out of Y BELGRADE MARE (another sister to Volunteer).

This colt appears to have started twice at Newmarket in 1760. In April, he was 2nd of 3 for a Sweepstakes of 100gs each; and in May, in the name of Corporal, he was beaten in a Match for 200gs, 5 miles over the Beacon Course, by Lord Waldegrave's grey horse. He was also matched against a filly of the Duke of Cumberland's for 500gs each; but this race seems not to have been run.

Lord Rockingham appears to have owned 2 colts out of different sisters to Volunteer.

Sister 1 appears in Lord Godolphin's records (see C M Prior, The Royal Studs..., 1935) as dam of
1) 1749 b f by the Godolphin Arabian (returned to Sir Marmaduke Wyvill, May 1750)
2) 1750 b f by the Godolphin Arabian (sold to Lord Eglinton, January 1753) -- one of these fillies may have been the Duke of Cumberland's sister to Miss Windsor (GSB, p94)
3) 1752  b f by the Godolphin Barb (sold to Mr Grisewood in 1756, with her 1756 b c by Doctor)
4) 1753  b c by the Godolphin Arabian (sold to Lord Rockingham, 13 April 1755):  see the certificate from Lord Godolphin (R193/38 above)
In March 1754, this mare was sold to the Duke of Cumberland (The Royal Studs..., p143); it seems very likely that she had been bred to the Godolphin Arabian, but did not foal before leaving the Godolphin Stud.  In the Duke of Cumberland's possession, she had another 3 foals
5) 1754     f  Miss Windsor, by the Godolphin Arabian
6) 1755  b f  (Lord Portmore's) Madam, by Muley Ishmael, the Duke of Cumberland's Arabian
7) 1756    c by the Duke's Arabian, which Fairfax Harrison has argued (see Early American Turf Stock, 1730-1830, Volume 2, Horses, p 88) may have been the grey horse Crawford, owned by Robert Ruffin of Dinwiddie Co, Va, and advertised as bred by "His Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, out of one of his brood mares and from his own Arabian."

Sister 2 produced offspring sold by James Brown of Scarboro'; one of her sons (above) and a grandson (see R193/42) were purchased from Mr Brown by Lord Rockingham. There are also notices of several other offspring of a sister to Volunteer in the calendars, some or all of which may have been this mare's:
1)  1739    c  Young Crispin (in Ireland), got by Wagtail (known in England as Ld Halifax's Crispin)
2)  1746  b f (Mr Pierce's) by the Bolton Starling; she was entered in a Sweepstakes for 4 yo fillies at York 16 Aug 1750, but pd Forfeit (the Bolton Starling stood in Ireland 1740-44, and 1746-48; but was returned to England in 1745)
3)  <1748...1755> ch f by Regulus (dam of John Foster Hill's b f by Bajazet, matched spring 1758)
4?  one of 6 mares to be bred to Wilson's Arabian for a 1755 foal for the Duke of Northumberland; one of the resulting foals engaged in a Match in 1758
5)  1760    f by Blank (Duke of Bridgewater's) engaged in a match at the Newmarket Second Meeting in 1764 (apparently was not run)

 

 
54. Bay Colt, foaled 19 May 1756 from James Browne, Scarboro, 3 Mar 1760 R193/62
 
Colt by Changeling; dam by Dunkirk; grandam by Smiling Tom; g grandam (own sister to Sir Michael Newton's Bald Jack) by the Acklum Merlin
 
Not in GSB.

Sir Michael Newton's Bald Jack, one of his most successful runners. See Sir Michael Newton's list of race horses.

 

 
55. Broken-legged Bay Colt, foaled 13 May 1756
bred by Mr Browne
from James Browne, Scarboro, 3 Mar 1760 R193/62
 
Colt by Old Cade; dam (own sister to Mr Duncomb's Duchess, and Spider's dam), by the Duke of Devonshire's Blacklegs; grandam (sister to Goliah) by Old Fox; g grandam by Gream's Champion; out of a daughter of Sir Mathew Peirson's Blue Cap
 
For the dam of this horse, see GSB, p 88: Mr Langley's 1747 b f by Blacklegs (dam of Emilius, by Cade), out of FOX MARE (sister to Goliah), Bred by Mr HUTCHINSON, her dam by Graham's Champion - Sir M Pierson's Blue Cap.

It is not clear whether the broken-legged Cade colt was the same as or a brother to Emilius.
    •     Lord Rockingham's Emilius was noted in the Racing Calendars as sire of a 1777 b f out of Fair Maid (matched for 1781) (see GSB, p 332: NANNY-O!) and a 1778 b f out of Shadow (raced 1781); also in GSB as sire of Mayduke, in 1766, out of a mare by Hutton’s Spot, out of SWEEPSTAKES MARE (p 206)
    •     Lord Rockingham’s broken-legged Cade colt was noted in the Racing Calendar as sire of a 1761 b c out of his Mary Grey (raced 1766).

Spider, the Earl of Portmore's, was got by Cartouch; his Dam the Sooty Mare, which now belongs to the Earl of Northumberland, and is own Sister to the bay mare Mr Langley sold Mr Duncomb, and won the mare's Plate at Hambleton and Newmarket, and afterwards sold to Sir Edward O'Brien, in Ireland, for 300 Guineas, they were got by the Devonshire Black-Legs, out of Goliah's own Sister (Pond 1756; pedigrees of 4 Years Old horses).

 

 
56. Mary Grey
Grey Filly, foaled 1746 or '48 [written over]
from J Ramsden R193/64
 
Filly by Regulus; her dam by Lord Lonsdale's Grey Arabian bought of Sir Thomas Wynn; grandam by Bay Bolton; g grandam by Darley's Arabian; g g grandam by Byerley Turk; g g g grandam by the Taffolet Barb; g g g g grandam by Mr Place's White Arabian; out of a Barbary Mare
 
Possibly the mare entered in GSB as the filly by Regulus, produce of Lord Lonsdale's 1736 f by the Lonsdale Arabian, out of BONNY LASS, Bred by Sir W RAMSDEN, in 1723, got by Bay Bolton - Darley's Arabian - Byerly Turk - Taffolet Barb - Place's Whtie Turk - Natural Barb Mare (p 41)

Wynn's Arabian, evidently a grey (from the fact that he had several grey foals from non-grey mares), is listed as sire of 23 foals in the Ancaster Stud in the years 1726-1730, and 1732-1734 (C M Prior, Early Records of the Thoroughbred Horse, 1924, pp 82-85).
 

 
57. Colt Copy of Sir John's pedigree & certificate R193/64
 
Colt by Regulus; his dam by Lord Lonsdale's Bay Arabian; his grandam [by] Snake; his g grandam by the Duke of Rutland's Grey Turk; his g g grandam by Hautboy; his g g g grandam by Bustler; his g g g g grandam by the Willoughby Barb; his g g g g g grandam was brought from Bolton Castle in the Time of the Grand Rebellion
 
Not in GSB.

The same or another early "Bolton Mare" may be seen at the root of a pedigree in this ad from the Dublin Journal (George Faulkner's) of April 6-9, 1745:
AT Ballinamona in the County of Westmeath, within half a Mile of Mullingar, the famous strong and beautiful Stallion called HOBGOBLIN, to be let to Mares this Season by Mr Smyth Thompson; he is but 8 Years old this Grass, full 15 Hands 3 Inches high, and strong in proportion, fit to breed for the Sod or Foxhunters, at 30 s a Mare for Leaps and Tryals, and a Shilling to the Groom. The said Horse was bred out of Mr Cook's Hobgoblin, his Dam was Violante, who was got by Bustard out of the Earl of Godolphin's old Snake Mare, who was got by Curwen's Bay Barb, out of a Daughter of Mabiliss [Makeless?], her Dam by the Westal Turk, her Grandam by Hautboy, her Great Grandam by Brimmer, and out of a Bolton Mare.---NB The said Horse was bred by the late Sir John Dutton.
 

 
58. Squirt from Thomas Metcalfe R193/65
 
Colt by Bartlett's Childers; his dam by Snake; his grandam was the Old Wilks Mare (full sister to Clumsey, the sire of Fox), by Hautboy
 
See GSB, p 186: Lord Portmore's Squirt (1732 ch c) by Bartlet's Childers, out of SNAKE MARE (sister to Old Country Wench), Bred by Mr ROBINSON, her dam, Grey Wilkes, by Hautboy, out of Miss Darcy's Pet Mare (daughter of a Sedbury Royal Mare).
 

 
59. Cloudy
Brown Mare, foaled 9 Apr 1754
from J Ramsden, Byram, 15 Feb 1761 R193/68
 
Mare by Sampson; dam by Lord Lonsdale's Monkey; grandam by Lord Lonsdale's Bay Arabian; g grandam (full sister to Sir William Blacket's Bagpipe) by the Thoulouse Barb
 
Not in GSB.

Of interest is the fact that Lord Rockingham raced a (1764) bay horse 1768-1770, named Monkey, by the Godolphin Hunter; perhaps he was offspring of Cloudy.
 

 
60. Dam of the D of Cumberland's Marske
Brown Mare, with a year old filly by Cade
from John Hutton, Marske, 29 Aug 1754 R193/67
 
Mare by [Hutton's] Blacklegs; her dam by Lister's Fox Cub; her grandam by Coneyskins; her g grandam by the Hutton Grey Barb; her g g grandam by the Royal Colt; her g g g grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a mare got by Bustler.
 
  •      The pedigree of Marske (sire of Eclipse) was given when he raced as:
    • got by Squirt; his Dam by Hutton's Black Legs; his Grandam by Lister's Squirrel1 (Pond 1754; Heber 1755)
    • got by Squirt, out of a Daughter of the Hutton Black-legs (Heber 1754)
  •      and when first advertised in the Racing Calendars:
    • Mask was got by Squirt, Dam by Hutton's Black Legs, his Grandam by Lister's Squirrel. (Heber 1766)
    • MASK, his late Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland's, ...was got by Squirt, a Son of Bartlet's Childers, his Dam by Hutton's Black Legs, his Grand Dam by the Fox Cub1, his Great Grand Dam by Coney Skins, his Great Great Grand Dam by Mr Hutton's Grey Barb, and is thought to be the highest English-bred Horse in the Kingdom. (Heber 1768)
  • Marske's dam
     
    • was first entered in An Introduction to a General Stud-Book (1791) as BLACKLEGS MARE, Bred by Mr HUTTON, her dam by Fox Cub - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb. Her offspring were listed as 1750 br c (D of Cumberland's) Marske, by Squirt; and 4 foals for Lord Rockingham: 1753 b f by Cade; 1755 br f by Whitenose; 1757 br b f by Regulus; 1760 b f Marcia, by the Godolphin Colt. All 4 fillies were matched by Lord Rockingham (although not all started) as may be seen in the various Racing Calendars.
       
    • Her entry in the 1793 edition of The General Stud-Book was the same.
       
    • In the 1803 edition, however, her entry was expanded. Her pedigree was given as "Bred by Mr HUTTON, got by his Blacklegs, her dam by Bay Bolton - Fox Cub - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb - Hutton's Royal Colt - Byerly Turk - Bustler;" and she was credited with 2 more undated offspring for Mr Hutton: fillies by Phantom and Hutton's Spot.
    • Pick's entry for Marsk, in the first volume of his Turf Register (1803; p160) says the following: "MARSK was got by Squirt, out of the Ruby Mare; she was from a daughter of Bay-Bolton, and Mr Hutton's Blacklegs; grandam by Fox-cub; great grandam by Coneyskins; great great grandam by Mr Hutton's Grey Barb, a daughter of Mr Hutton's Royal Colt, a daughter of the Byerley Turk, from a Bustler Mare. ...The above are true Copies from Mr HUTTON's Stud-Book, MARSK, OCT. 1801. / E GELDARD."
    • The most recent edition of GSB (1891) says BLACKLEGS MARE (the Ruby Mare), Bred by Mr HUTTON, got by his Blacklegs, her dam by Bay Bolton - Fox Cub - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb - Hutton's Royal Colt - Byerly Turk - Bustler.
       
      • 1747 bl f  Black Phantom, by Phantom  ...  Mr Hutton
      •              f by Hutton's Spot  ...  Mr Hutton
      • 1750  br c  Marske, by Squirt  ...  Duke of Cumberland
      • 1752  b f by Cade (dam of Hazard, by Tartar)  ...  Lord Rockingham
      • 1753  b c  Careless (Hutton's), by Hutton's Spot  ...  Lord Rockingham 2
      • 1755  br f by Whitenose  ...  Lord Rockingham
      • 1757  br b f by Regulus  ...  Lord Rockingham
      • 1760  b f  Marcia, by the Godolphin Colt  ...  Lord Rockingham

It is of interest that neither Mr Hutton, in the certificate in this collection, nor Lord Rockingham refers to this mare as the Ruby Mare; and Lord Rockingham, in fact, owned another mare, acquired from Lord Portmore, known as Ruby or the Ruby Mare. Unless or until the stud records of the Hutton's of Marske are discovered, it is not possible to resolve the discrepancy between Mr Hutton's pedigree certificate for Marske's dam, and the pedigree copied by E Geldard. However, it seems that at this time, Mr Hutton's certificate should be considered the more authoritative source.

NOTES:
1. Lister's Squirrel was also known as Lister's Fox Cub. (Cheny 1743: "Fox was bred by the late Sir Ralph Ashton Bart. who purchased two Fillies of Mr. Leeds, and cover'd them both in one Season with Clumsey, one of which Covers produced Fox, the other Fox Cub or Squirrel")
2. There is no evidence from the Racing Calendars or from the records of Lord Rockingham's stud so far examined to support his ever racing or owning a colt called Careless. Mr Hutton raced at least 2 Careless's, the one closest in time to the dam of Marske was a 1742 grey colt, by a Son of Hartley's Blind Horse (probably Hutton's Spot).

 

 

Early Generations of Family 8

 

(Mr Hutton's) mare by Byerley Turk, out of a Bustler Mare

mare by Hutton's Royal Colt (~1701)

mare by Hutton's Grey Barb

mare by Hutton's Grey Barb

mare by Coneyskins

mare by Coneyskins

mare by Bay Bolton

mare by Lister's Fox Cub or Squirrel

mare by Fox Cub

mare by the Mulso Turk (sire of Blacklegs)

mare by Hutton's Blacklegs

Marske's dam, by Hutton's Blacklegs

a sister?, by Hutton's Blacklegs

Priscilla's dam, by Hutton's Spot

mare by Hutton's Bay Arabian (sire of Chance)

mare by Mixbury (dam of a mare by Lord Morton's Arabian, which foaled Ferret's dam by Regulus)

 

Stately (1750 ch f) by Mogul

mare by Hutton's Spot

 

mare by the Bolton Little John

Portia, by Regulus

(Old) Grey Spot, by Hutton's Spot

Hutton's Ranger (1749 b c) by Hutton's Spot

1752 b f by Regulus

 

1758 b c by Regulus, bred by James Brown of Scarboro'

 

Mr Curzon's Almony (Atalanta, dam of Sultana in GSB), by Regulus

DORIMOND MARE

 

 

 

 

 

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.
 

Pedigrees used to create this chart

 
Pedigrees are confusing and perhaps confused; the most credible are:
 
1. Marske Augt ye 29th 1754 / The Brown Mare [Marske's dam] was got by my Blacklegs, her Dam by Mr Lister's Fox Cub, her Grandam by Coneyskins, her great Grandam by the Hutton Grey Barb, her gt gt Grandam by the Royal Colt, her gt gt gt Grandam by Byerley Turk out of a Mare got by Bustler.
A year old Fillye from the above Mare got by Cade. / John Hutton (WWM R193/67, Sheffield Archives)
 
2. ALMONY (1753), Mr Curzon’s [apparently same as Atalanta, dam of Sultana, in GSB, i, 1891], was got by Regulus; her Dam by the Duke of Bolton’s Little John, her Grandam by Mr Hutton’s Black Legs, her Great Grandam by Mr Leister’s Squirrel, her G G Grandam by Coney Skins, her G G G Grandam by the Grey Barb, her Dam’s Dam was got by a Horse called the Royal Colt, from a Daughter of the Byerley Turk (Pond 1757)
 
3. The DORIMOND MARE was one of the few Hutton-bred horses still in the possession of Mr [James] Hutton at the time the General Stud Book was begun. She is one of only 2 with a broodmare entry in the Introductory volume of 1791, and appears there without pedigree. Her pedigree was first given in the edition of 1793. In the Supplement of 1800 both her list of produce and pedigree were corrected, with a comment by the editor that "As there was a trifling error in the pedigree as well as in the produce of the Dorimond mare, the whole is here re-printed." 5 more foals, all bred by Mr Hutton, the last in 1789, suggest that the source of the corrections appearing in 1800 was Mr Hutton himself. The corrected pedigree was: DORIMOND MARE, 72 [page reference to 1793 edition] Bred by Mr HUTTON, got by Dorimond (Son of Dormouse) her dam, Portia (sister to Plaything's dam) by Regulus - Hutton's Spot - Fox Cub - Bay Bolton - Coneyskins - Hutton's Grey Barb - Byerly Turk
 
4. Grey Spot was by Hutton's Spot her Dam by Hutton's bay Arabian (Sire of Chance) her Grandam by Hutton's bay Turk her Grt Gr dam by Bay Bolton her Grt Grt Grdam by Coney Skins her Grt Grt Grt Dam by Hutton's Grey Barb out of a Daur of the Byerly Turk
Spot was got by Hartley's blind Horse Son of the Holderness Turk his dam by a Son of Hutton's Grey Barb his Grdam by Coney Skins his Grt Grandam by Old Hautboy [the old Grey Mare bout of Mr Hutton] (From the Leicestershire, Leicester & Rutland Record Office, DE1536, records of the Curzons of Breedon-on-the-Hill and Lockington Hall, items DE1536/384/1-3.)
 
5. Ranger, Mr Hutton’s (1749 b c), was got by Mr Hutton’s Spot; his Dam by Mixbury, his Grandam by Mulso Turk, Sire of Mr Hutton’s Black Legs, his Great Grandam by Bay Bolton, his G G Grandam by Coney Skins, his G G G Grandam by Mr Hutton’s Barb, his G G G G Grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a Bustler Mare (Pond 1755, when racing for Mr Hutton)
 
6. Marske Augt ye 29th 1754 / A Bay Fillye two years old this grass got by Regulus, her Dam by Mixberry, her Grandam by the Bay Turk (that got my Blacklegs) her great Grandam by Bay Bolton her gt gt Grandam by Coneyskins her great gt gt Grandam by ye Hutton Grey Barb, and her Dam by Byerley Turk from a Bustler Mare. / John Hutton (WWM R193/67, Sheffield Archives)
 
7. Stately (1750), Mr Hutton’s [ch m that won the King’s Plate for 5 yo Mares at Hambleton in 1755] was got by Mogul; her Dam by Hutton’s Black-legs, her Grandam by Bay Bolton, her Great Grandam by Coney Skins, her G G Grandam by Hutton’s grey Barb, her G G G Grandam by the Byerley Turk, out of a Bustler Mare (as given in Pond 1756; same information also in Pond 1755 & Heber 1756; mare was racing for Mr Hutton at the time)
 
8. I do Certifie that the Bay Colt wth a Ball face and the off hind foot white, wh I sold to the Rt Honble the Marquis of Rockingham was got by Regulus; his dam by Mr Huttons Spot; his grandam (wch was also Stateleys dam) by the Hutton black legs; her dam by Bay [...] tton; her dam by Coneyskins her dam by the Hutton Gray Barb; her dam by the Byerley Turk; out of a daughter of Bustler he was foald the 3d: of Aprill 1758 and bred / Scarborough 22d: of Aprill 1760        By me James Brown (WWM R193/43, Sheffield Archives)
 
© A J Hibbard. All rights reserved.
 

 
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