Courtesy of Richard Green
|Voltaire br c 1826 (Blacklock
- Mare, by Phantom). Sire Line
Durham by Robert Stephenson at Hart,
Hartlepool, who also bred his son Voltigeur,
he was described as a "fine
barrelled horse, a little bit peacocky," although he was "suspected to be
a bit of a coward." He was purchased by William Henry Vane
(1766-1842), 1st Marquess and later Duke of Cleveland,
immediately following his second win as a two year old. Running
for Lord Cleveland he won two of his next three races easily,
including the Doncaster Gold Cup, losing the St Leger to Rowton
(ch c 1826 Oiseau) only by a neck whilst vanquishing
(bl c 1826 Whalebone)
and sixteen others. Having hit his leg in the Gold Cup and
unable to stand subsequent training he retired to the stud. His
Grace also bred or owned, among others, the Derby winner
Whisker b c 1812
Waxy), the St Leger winners
Chorister (b c 1828 Lottery) and Memnon (b c 1822
Whisker), and the Doncaster Stakes
winner Muley Moloch (br c 1830
In the stud Voltaire got a
number of stallion sons including Barnton (b c 1844), Picaroon
(br c 1835) and Henriade (br c 1834),
the latter successful in Russia. In Ireland he had Craven
Stakes winner The Dean (br c 1836) and Tearaway (b c 1838). His
classic winner Charles the
Twelfth (br c 1836) won the St Leger, Doncaster Cup and Goodwood Cup (twice). Without doubt his most
important son was Voltigeur (br c 1847)
who got the Two Thousand Guineas winner Vedette (br 1854) who in
turn sired Galopin (br
1872) who got the legendary St.
Simon (br 1881).
Voltaire died in April of
In 1828 running
for Mr Stephenson he won the 20 sovs each Richmond Club
Stakes for yearling colts at Catterick Bridge in April
(6 subscribers). Won the 25 sovs each Tyro Stakes for
two year olds at Newcastle in July, beating Mr Riddell's Zodiac (ch
c 1826 Centaur), Sir E Dodsworth's
colt (b c 1826 St. Patrick) and, unplaced, Mr Attwood's Panope (br f 1826 Abjer), Mr Kay's colt (b c 1826
Whisker) and Mr Golden's
Sontag (ch f 1826 Whisker).
In 1829 running
for Lord Cleveland he won the 50 sovs each Shorts
Sweepstakes at York in May, beating Mr T O Powlett's
Penhill (br c 1826 Jack Spigot), and, unplaced, Mr Earnshaw's Elastic (br f
1826 Waverley), Lord Scarborough's Melrose (ch f 1826
Pilgarlic) and Mr Ridsdale's Donation (b f 1826
Borodino). Finished 2nd for the 25 sovs each Great St
Leger Stakes at Doncaster, won by Mr Petre's Rowton (ch
c 1826 Oiseau), beating Lord Langford's
(bl c 1826 Whalebone)
and 16 others, including Lord Worcester's Felt (b c 1826
Langar), Mr Ridsdale's Clotilde (b f 1826
Tramp), Mr Gratwicke's
Frederick (b c 1826 Little John) Mr Theobald's The Exquisite (gr c 1826
Robinson's Bolivar (ch c 1826
Cleveland's Stotforth (b c 1826 Octavian) and Lord
Kelburne's Retriever (br c 1826 Smolensko). Walked over
for the 100 sovs each Gascoigne Stakes at the same
meeting; 10 subscribers. Won the Doncaster Gold Cup at
the same meeting, beating Major Yarburgh's Laurel (b c
Mr D Radcliffe's Fleur-de-Lis (b f 1822 Bourbon), and,
unplaced, Lord Milton's Medoro (b c 1824 Cervantes),
Lord Scarborough's Cistercian (br c 1826
Catton) and Mr Petre's Granby (ch c 1824 Interpreter).
||La Belle (f 1833), bred by
Mr Lee, dam of the Ebor Handicap winner Meaux (b c 1844
Liverpool Junior). Family 17-a.
||Valentine (br f 1833), dam
of the Doncaster Cup and Queen Anne Stakes winner War Eagle (br
c 1844 Lanercost). Family 12-a.
||Lollypop (bl f 1836 by
Starch or Voltaire), dam of the Doncaster Cup and Queen's Vase
winner Sweetmeat (br c 1842 Gladiator) and ancestress of Belmont Stakes winner
(br c 1893 Spendthrift) and Kentucky Derby winner Plaudit (br c
1895 Himyar). Family 21-a.
||Yorkshire Lady (br f 1839),
won the Stewards' Cup. Family 19.
||Betsy Bird (b f 1840), dam
of the Manchester Cup winner The Black Doctor (bl c 1848 The
Doctor). Family 24.
||Semiseria (br f 1840), dam
of the Gimcrack Stakes and Queen's Vase winner Mildew (ch c 1847
Slane). Family 23-a.
||Merope (b f 1841), 2nd dam
of Two Thousand Guineas winner Moslem (b c 1865 Knight of St
Patrick) and Derby winner Galopin (b c 1872 Vedette), the latter the sire of
St. Simon (br c 1881).
||Extravaganza (b f 1842),
dam of Mr Parker's Chester Cup winner One Act (b f 1853
Annandale). Family 23-a.
||Azora (b f 1843), 2nd dam
of One Thousand Guineas winner Siberia (br f 1862 Muscovite) and
Cambridgeshire winner Vestminster (br c 1866 Glenmasson), 3rd
dam of Two Thousand Guineas winner Vauban (br c 1864 Muscovite),
One Thousand Guineas winner Cecilia (b f 1870 Blair Athol) and
Cesarewitch winner Duke of Parma (br c 1872 The Duke).
||Prussic Acid (b f 1843),
won the Queen Anne Stakes. Family 12.
||Volley (b f 1845), 2nd dam
of Stewards' Cup winner Lady Clifden (b c 1860
Leger winner Lord Clifden (b c 1860 Newminster) and Two Thousand Guineas winner Camballo (b c
1872 Cambuscan). Family 2-h.
||Sacrifice (br f 1847), 3rd
dam of One Thousand Guineas and Oaks winner Thebais (ch f 1878
||Vivandiere (br f 1848),
winner of the Yorkshire Oaks, dam of Coronation and Nassau
Stakes winner Cantine (br f 1856
Orlando) and Provision (b f
1857 Orlando), 2nd dam of Cesarewitch and Goodwood Cup winner
Aventuriere (b f 1871 Adventurer), 3rd dam of St Leger winner
Dutch Oven (br f 1879 Dutch skater) .