Basto bl c 1703 (Byerley
Turk - Bay Peg, by Leedes Arabian).
Sire Line Byerley Turk.
called Black Basto he was bred by Sir William
Ramsden of Byram, near Ferrybridge, in Yorkshire, and purchased as a
youngster by William Cavendish (1673-1729), 2nd Duke of Devonshire,
Chatsworth, Derbyshire. He was
assessed as "when in keeping at Newmarket, to be in a very high
form for running. He had an appearance of pride and spirit, which added
greatly to his figure. He was remarkably strong, and allowed to be the
most beautiful horse of his colour that ever appeared in this
Kingdom". [Pick 1:2]
The Turf Register states that his
2nd dam, Young Bald Peg, was sired by Spanker, and the General Stud Book
notes that "some accounts make Y. Bald Peg as by Spanker"
[GSB 1:3] rather than the Leedes Arabian.
However, according to an affadavit in the Newcastle Courant his
dam was sired by the Leedes Arabian1.
In 1708 Basto
defeated the Lord Treasurer's Squirrel over four miles, and the
following month beat the Lord Treasurer's Billy over five miles. In 1709
he beat Lord Raylton's Chance over four miles, and later he defeated Mr Pulleine's Tantivy over five miles. In 1710 he beat the Marquis of
Dorchester's Brisk over four miles. Racing only at Newmarket, he is
thought to have won several matches there as well.
Said to be a half-brother to the
Champion sire Old Fox (b c 1714 Clumsey), Basto
was said to have covered few mares besides those of the Dukes of
Devonshire and Rutland. Among his daughters was the remarkable
broodmare, Sister to Soreheels, the dam of the Champion sires
(gr c 1722 Alcock's Arabian) and Devonshire Blacklegs (br c 1728
She also foaled Bay Basto (b f 1729 Childers),
Brown Basto (br f 1738 Childers), Hip
(b c 1733 Childers), Puff (b c
Second (br c 1732
(br c 1736 Childers). Basto also got
the Duke of Rutland's Old Ebony (bl f 1714), a foundation mare in
5, and her sister Brown Betty (br f 1713), dam of
(b c 1727 Brisk). Other daughters include the Duke of Devonshire's Old
Coquette (br f c1722), and her sister, the latter said to be the dam of
the Bolton Sweepstakes (ch c 1722 Bloody Shouldered Arabian), both
foundation mares in Family 44.
His sons were less effective in the stud although some of them were
successful on the turf.
Still the property of
the Duke of Devonshire, Basto died at Chatsworth, Derbyshire, in 1723.
1 "Black Basto, a famous Running-Horse belonging to the Duke of
Devonshire. Black Basto was got by the Byerly Turk; his Dam by
the Arabian that got Leeds; his Grand-Dam by Old Spanker, and
she out of a famous Running Mare belonging to Mr Leeds, call'd
Bald Peg... I do Certify the same to be true, and believe him to
be as high a bred Horse as any in England. John Crofts."
[Newcastle Courant. Saturday, March 20. 1735-6. Numb. 569.]
|br c 1724 (Basto - Sister 1 to Mixbury, by
Bay Barb). Sire Line Byerley
Turk. Family 9-a. Owned by Sir William Ramsden, he was a half-brother to
Partner (ch c 1718 Jigg). Little Scar won a 500 guineas match at
Newmarket in 1731 against the Duke of Bolton's
(br c 1725 Bay Bolton). Little Scar left no
progeny that bred on.
|b c 1714c (Basto - Sister 1 to Mixbury, by
Bay Barb). Sire Line Byerley
Turk. Family 9-a. Bred by Charles Pelham and owned by Sir William Ramsden he was a
full-brother to Little Scar and a half-brother to
Partner (ch c 1718 Jigg). He was said to stand 14.3 hands and was
described as a "fine strong" horse. He stood in North Yorkshire where,
despite his pedigree, he was said to have gotten only a few moderate
runners. He did, however, sire South's Dam, a foundation mare of
13 who produced the good stallions South (b c 1750
and Matchless (b c 1754 Godolphin
Arabian). He also got Soreheels Mare, the 4th dam of Arthur
Middleton's Young Babraham* (b c 1760 Babraham)
who stood in South Carolina. In 1724 he was advertised in the
Stamford Mercury to stand at Mr Wing's, at Bloxholm, near Sleeford in Lincolnshire, for a feee of 1
guinea. He was later advertised in the Newcastle
Courant under the name of "Bay Basto alias Sore
Heels" to cover in Durham, in 1734 at Hudson's of
Chater's Haugh, near Chester, and in 1736 at both Thomas
Black's at Great Usworth and John Smith's at
Ravensworth, for a fee reduced from 5 guineas to 1
guinea or less "for the encouragement of the