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Basto (GB)
 
 


Basto

 

 

 

Sire Line


Byerley Turk

 

 

Basto bl c 1703 (Byerley Turk - Bay Peg, by Leedes Arabian). Sire Line Byerley Turk. Family 6.

Also called Black Basto he was bred by Sir William Ramsden of Byram, near Ferrybridge, in Yorkshire, and purchased as a youngster by William Cavendish (1673-1729), 2nd Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth, Derbyshire. He was assessed as "when in keeping at Newmarket, to be in a very high form for running. He had an appearance of pride and spirit, which added greatly to his figure. He was remarkably strong, and allowed to be the most beautiful horse of his colour that ever appeared in this Kingdom". [Pick 1:2]

The Turf Register states that his 2nd dam, Young Bald Peg, was sired by Spanker, and the General Stud Book notes that "some accounts make Y. Bald Peg as by Spanker" [GSB 1:3] rather than the Leedes Arabian. However, according to an affadavit in the Newcastle Courant his dam was sired by the Leedes Arabian1.

In 1708 Basto defeated the Lord Treasurer's Squirrel over four miles, and the following month beat the Lord Treasurer's Billy over five miles. In 1709 he beat Lord Raylton's Chance over four miles, and later he defeated Mr Pulleine's Tantivy over five miles. In 1710 he beat the Marquis of Dorchester's Brisk over four miles. Racing only at Newmarket, he is thought to have won several matches there as well.

Said to be a half-brother to the Champion sire Old Fox (b c 1714 Clumsey), Basto was said to have covered few mares besides those of the Dukes of Devonshire and Rutland. Among his daughters was the remarkable broodmare, Sister to Soreheels, the dam of the Champion sires Crab (gr c 1722 Alcock's Arabian) and Devonshire Blacklegs (br c 1728 Childers). She also foaled Bay Basto (b f 1729 Childers), Brown Basto (br f 1738 Childers), Hip (b c 1733 Childers), Puff (b c Childers), Second (br c 1732 Childers) and Snip (br c 1736 Childers). Basto also got the Duke of Rutland's Old Ebony (bl f 1714), a foundation mare in Family 5, and her sister Brown Betty (br f 1713), dam of Cole's Foxhunter (b c 1727 Brisk). Other daughters include the Duke of Devonshire's Old Coquette (br f c1722), and her sister, the latter said to be the dam of the Bolton Sweepstakes (ch c 1722 Bloody Shouldered Arabian), both foundation mares in Family 44. His sons were less effective in the stud although some of them were successful on the turf.

Still the property of the Duke of Devonshire, Basto died at Chatsworth, Derbyshire, in 1723.

1 "Black Basto, a famous Running-Horse belonging to the Duke of Devonshire. Black Basto was got by the Byerly Turk; his Dam by the Arabian that got Leeds; his Grand-Dam by Old Spanker, and she out of a famous Running Mare belonging to Mr Leeds, call'd Bald Peg... I do Certify the same to be true, and believe him to be as high a bred Horse as any in England. John Crofts." [Newcastle Courant. Saturday, March 20. 1735-6. Numb. 569.]

 
Pedigree
Basto Byerley Turk    
 
   
 
Bay Peg Leedes Arabian  
 
Young Bald Peg Spanker
Old Morocco Mare
Little Scar (GB)
 
br c 1724 (Basto - Sister 1 to Mixbury, by Curwen's Bay Barb). Sire Line Byerley Turk. Family 9-a. Owned by Sir William Ramsden, he was a half-brother to Old Partner (ch c 1718 Jigg). Little Scar won a 500 guineas match at Newmarket in 1731 against the Duke of Bolton's Fearnought (br c 1725 Bay Bolton). Little Scar left no progeny that bred on.
 
Soreheels (GB)
 
b c 1714c (Basto - Sister 1 to Mixbury, by Curwen's Bay Barb). Sire Line Byerley Turk. Family 9-a. Bred by Charles Pelham and owned by Sir William Ramsden he was a full-brother to Little Scar and a half-brother to Old Partner (ch c 1718 Jigg). He was said to stand 14.3 hands and was described as a "fine strong" horse. He stood in North Yorkshire where, despite his pedigree, he was said to have gotten only a few moderate runners. He did, however, sire South's Dam, a foundation mare of Family 13 who produced the good stallions South (b c 1750 Regulus) and Matchless (b c 1754 Godolphin Arabian). He also got Soreheels Mare, the 4th dam of Arthur Middleton's Young Babraham* (b c 1760 Babraham) who stood in South Carolina. In 1724 he was advertised in the Stamford Mercury to stand at Mr Wing's, at Bloxholm, near Sleeford in Lincolnshire, for a feee of 1 guinea. He was later advertised in the Newcastle Courant under the name of "Bay Basto alias Sore Heels" to cover in Durham, in 1734 at Hudson's of Chater's Haugh, near Chester, and in 1736 at both Thomas Black's at Great Usworth and John Smith's at Ravensworth, for a fee reduced from 5 guineas to 1 guinea or less "for the encouragement of the neighbourhood".
   
   
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